Villa Melotti in Massawa was a magnificent home owned by Italian citizens. The villa was unique in every detail of its architecture.

The Melotti family had made their money from producing beer. The famous Melotti beer is still brewed and enjoyed in Eritrea, but now under the “Asmara beer” label, while using the Melotti logo and caps.

The Melotti villa sheltered many Eritrean fighters during the battle of Massawa in 1991.

The villa was damaged by the air raids and the family wanted to restore it. But they could not obtain the necessary permits to do the work after independence arrived.

Unable to restore the villa the Melotti family agreed to sell it to the Eritrean government.

The government never paid the agreed sum and after years demolished the villa, rendering the area a vacant lot that was automatically owned by the government, in accordance with the 1994 Land Proclamation.

And so its ruins remain – a sad testament to the vandalism by Eritrea’s current rulers.

In 2006 another whim of the dictator who commands Eritrea with an iron fist. Another slap in the face of Italy. The bulldozers of the army razed one of the most beautiful residences in Africa to the ground, Villa Melotti, also known as the Cyprea, built by the architect Luigi Vietti in the 1960s. A splendid example of Mediterranean architecture nestled on the Red Sea coast, in front of one of the most evocative views of the black continent, in Massawa, the Eritrean port city declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. In its place, tourist villas will be built and an Italian operator, Renato Cialona, ​​has already visited the promontory, now an orphan of its most beautiful jewel.

Villa Melotti was wanted by Mrs. Emma, ​​a charming and energetic woman who arrived in Eritrea in 1940 to marry her boyfriend, Luigi Melotti, founder of the Melotti Brewery. In 1946 Melotti died and shortly afterwards his brother was also killed in an ambush by the shifta, armed gangs paid by the British to hit the Italians. The Melotti family, like the others from our country, was committed to defending the positions of those who wanted an independent Eritrea, perhaps after a few years of Italian protectorate. London and Washington, on the other hand, were pushing for an organic connection with Ethiopia, despite knowing that the enormous differences between the two countries – the first the most industrialized in all of Africa (after South Africa),

MASSAUA 20When her husband dies, Mrs. Emma does not yield to the advice of those who invite her to leave and abandon everything.

She remained in Eritrea and took over the family business, the liquor factory, the glass factory and the brewery that made her famous throughout East Africa. Melotti Beer is sold not only in Eritrea, but also in the nearby British colonies. The lady accumulates a great fortune but she has a dream: to leave to the country of her adoption (Eritrea which she feels is her new homeland) something important that can somehow enrich it and can be preserved over time. In short, a monumental work. And so he calls on the shores of the Red Sea the most famous and appreciated architect of the moment, the one who “invented” the Costa Smeralda, with the fairytale villa of Agà Khan, which embellished Cortina d’Ampezzo, building the houses of holiday of the Barilla, the Borletti, the Tronchetti Provera, the Marzotto families.

The Italian upper class in the 1960s passed entirely through Vietti’s studio. Mrs. Emma convinces the architect to come to Massawa and he falls in love with the place. He draws one of his splendid constructions of him: the Cyprea. The works began in 1964 and lasted almost two years. The materials are all brought from Italy. The tiles for the floors and bathrooms from Sardinia, the windows and furniture, designed by the same architect, from Brianza. To embrace the view of the sea Vietti creates three immense windows, 15 meters, inserted in round arches. Specialized workers also come from Italy to assemble the crystals. The swimming pool enters the huge hall, as if it were an extension of the sea. From the garden of the villa you can dive directly into the crystalline and coral water of the Red Sea, inhabited by colorful tropical fish.MASSAUA 21

In those years illustrious guests pass by: Giulio Andreotti, Giancarlo Pajetta and Oriana Fallaci, who then, on other political shores, had criticized in an article the splendor and luxury of that residence (fantasizing, among other things, that the guests did the swimming in the pool filled with champagne). Then comes the civil war and in 1990 Massawa is conquered by the independence guerrillas. Mrs. Emma opens the doors of her Cyprea to refugees fleeing the bombing. A thousand people camp out in the garden and the cellars become formidable shelters where women, children and wounded militiamen find welcome. The hall becomes the guerrilla headquarters. It is the rebels who bring the lady to safety in Sudan, with a daring journey on the back of a camel.

Text taken from an article by Massimo A. Alberizzi (Corriere della Sera)

My passion is photography. Through the lens the world looks different, the stories of ordinary women and men seem different. There is a time to travel and to know and there is a time to remember. The camera is the tool that seals the memories making our stories eternal.
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ኣብ ሻምፒዮን ቅድድም ብሽክለተ ኣውስትራልያ ካብ ዝተሳተፉ ኤርትራውያን ተቀዳደምቲ፡ ሹዱሽተ ኣብ ኣወስትራልያ ዑቕባ ከም ዝሓተቱን መስርሕ ምሕታት ዑቁባኦም ከም ዝጀመሩን ካብቲ ቦታ ዝበጽሓ ሓበሬታ ብምጥቃስ ቴለቪዣን ኤሪሳት ኣብ ናይ ፈይስቡክ ገጻ ሓቢራ።

ሃገራዊት ጋንታ ብስክሊት ኤርትራ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ወርሒ መስከረም 2022 ኣብ ኣወስትራሊያ ኣብ ዝተኻየደ ውድድር ተሳቲፋ እያ።

ምስዚ ብዝተተሓሓዘ፡ እቶም ነቶም ዑቕባ ዝሓተቱ ሽዱሽተ ኣባላት ሃገራዊት ጋንታ ብሽክለታ ኤርትራ ዝተሓጋገዝዎም ዘለዉ ግዱሳት ኤርትራውያን፡ ንመስርሕ ሕቶ ዑቕባን ካልእ ተመሳሳሊ ወጻኢን ዝኸውን ገንዘብ ንምርካብ ኤርትራውያን በብዓቕሞም ንከበርክቱ መጸዋዕታ ኣቕሪቦም።

ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ስርዓት ህግደፍ ኣብ ውግእ ትግራይ ተጸሚዱ፡ ኣደዳ በብዓይነቱ ክሳራታት ይኸውን ኣብ ዘለሉን ኤርትራውያን ብዘያፈላላይ ብጭካነ ብኣልማማ ይገፍፍ ምህላዉን እቶም ተወዳደርቲ ናብ ሃገሮም ከይምለሱ ኣገዲድዎም ከም ዝኸውን ይግመት።

ጠቕላላ ኣኼባ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ብ12 ጥቅምቲ 2022 ንጎበጣ ሩሲያ ኣብ ልዕሊ ግዝኣት ዩክረይን ዝምልከት፡ ብመብዛሕትአን ኣባል ሃገራት ዝተደገፈ ውሳነ ኣሕሊፉ። እቲ ውሳነ ሩሲያ ኣብዚ ቀረባ ግዜ “ረፈረንደም ኣካይደን” ብዝብል ጉልባብ 4 ናይ ዩክረይን ኣካላት ንዝነበራ ከባብታት ናብ ግዝኣታ ንምጥቕላል ንዝወሰደቶ ዘይሕጋዊ ጎበጣ ኩለን ኣባል  ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኣፍልጦ ከይህባ ዝጽውዕ እዩ።

ኣብቲ ዝተዋህበ ድምጺ 143 ሃገራት ኣንጻር ሩሲያ ነቲ ውሳነ ሓሳብ  ደጊፈን፡ 5 ሃገራት ነቲ ሓሳብ ደጊፈን ንደገፍ ሩሲያ  ከድምጻ እንከለዋ፡ መብዛሕትአን ሃገራት ኣፍሪቃ ሓንቲ ካብኣተን ኤርትራ ዝርከበአን 35 ሃገራት ድማ ድምጸን ከም ዝዓቀባ መግለጺ ናይቲ ኣኼባ ሓቢሩ። ካብተን ድምጸን ዝዓቀባ ብዘይካ ኤርትራ፡ ኢትዮጵያ’ ቻይና፡ ህንድን ደቡብ ኣፍሪቃን ይርከበአን። እተን ንደገፍ ሩሲያ ዘድመጻ ድማ፡ ቤላሩስ፡ ሰሜን ኮሪያ፡ ኒካራጉዋ፡ ሱሪያን ሩሲያን እየን። ኤርትራ ክሳብዚ ኣኼባ ንጉዳይ ሩሲያን ዩክረይንን ኣብ ዝምልከት ካብተን ብኣጻብዕ ዝቑጸራ ሓንቲ ኮይና ንሩሲያ ደጊፋ ከተድምጽ ከም ዝጸንሐት ዝዝከር እዩ።

ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኣብዚ ውሳነኡ፡ ምክልኻል መትከላት ሕቡራት ሃገራት፡ ዶነትስክ፡ ከኢርሶን፡ ሉሃንስክን ዛፖሪዝሂያን ዝበሃላ 4 ክልታት ዩክረይን ብሩሲያ ዝተወስዳሉን ዝተጎብጣሉን ኣገባብን ምግሃስ ግዝኣታዊ ሓድነትን ፖለቲካዊ ናጽነትን ዩክረይንን መበገሲ ዝገበረ ምዃኑ ኣብቲ ዘውጸኦ መግለጺ ተጠቒሱ።

ጠቕላላ ኣኼባ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ነዚ ኣኼባ ኣካይዱ ክመያየጥ ዝተገደደ፡ ሩሲያ ብዘለዋ ድምጺ ብድምጺ ናይ ምስዓር መሰል፡ ቤት ምኽሪ ጸጥታ ኣብ ዩክረይ ንዘካየደቶ ከባብታት ዩክረይን ናብ ግዝኣታ ብምጥቕላላ ኣንጻራ ከይውስን ምስተቓወምት እዩ። ስለዚ እዚ ውሳነ ኩለን ኣባል ውድብ ሕቡራት ሃገራትን ዓለም ለኻዊ ትካላትን ንጎበጣ ሩሲያ ኣፍልጦ ንከይህባን ውሳነኣ ንክትቕይር ተጽዕኖአን ንከሕይላን ምዃኑ ተጠቒሱ። እቲ ውሳነ ንናይ ክሳብ ሕጂ ጻዕሪ ዋና ጸሓፊ ሕቡራት ሃገራትን ኣባል መንግስታትን ኣብ ልዕሊ ሩሲያ ተጽዕኖ ክፈጥራ ብምጽንሐን ድማ ኣመስጊኑ

Thursday, 13 October 2022 22:21

Dimtsi Harnnet Kassel 13.10.2022

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ኣውስትራልያ፣ ደንማርክ፣ ጀርመን፣ ሆላንድ፣ ዓባይ ብሪጣንያን ሕቡራት መንግስታት ኣመሪካን ኣብ ሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ውግእን ሰብኣዊ ቅልውላውን እናገደደ ምምጽኡ ከምዘሻቐለን  ምግላጸን ቤት ጽሕፈት ወሃብ ቃል  ወጻኢ ጉዳይ ኣሚሪካ ብ12 ጥቅምቲ 2022 ኣፍሊጡ። ላዕለዎት ሓለፍቲ ፈደራላዊ መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያን ክልል ትግራይን ወተሃደራዊ ግጭት ኣብ ሓጺር ግዜ ጠጠው ከብሉ’ውን መግለጺ ናይዘን ሽዱስተ ሃገራት ሓቢሩ።

እቲ መግለጺ ናይዘን ሃገራት፡  እቲ ክቐርብ ጸኒሑ ዝተቛረጸ፡ መሰረታዊ  ሰብኣዊ ሓገዝ ከምቲ ጀሚርዎ ዝነበረ ከም ዝቕጽል ክገብሩን ናብቲ ብሕብረት ኣፍሪቃ ክምራሕ ተመዲቡ ዘሎ መስርሕ ዘተ ተሳቲፎም ናብ ዘተኣማምን ስምምዕ ንክበጹ እውን እቲ ናይ ሓባር መጸዋዕታ ናይዘን ግዱሳት ሃገራት  ኣመልኪቱ።

ናይዘን ሽዱሽተ በቲ ኣብ ሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ደማውን ኣዕናውን ውግእ ኣዝየን ዝተሻቐላ ሃገራት መግለጺ፡ ነቲ መመሊሱ ዝዓርግ ዘሎ ኢድ ኣእታውነት ሓይልታት ኤርትራ ብትሪ ኮኒኑ። ኣተሓሒዘን ከኣ መንግስቲ  ኤርትራ  ዘካይዶ ዘሎ  ወተሃደራዊ ስርሒት ጠጠው ኣቢሉ  ብቕልጡፍ ካብ ኢትዮጵያ ክወጽእ ጸዊዐን። ኩሎም ነቲ ውግእ ዘጋድዱ ዘለዉ ናይ ወጻኢ ሓይልታት ኢዶም ክስሕቡ ድማ እቲ መግለጺ ኣዘኻኺሩ።

ብሓፈሻ ዝተፈላለዩ ጸብጻባት፡ ብፍላይ ድማ፡ ናይ ኢትዮጵያን ሕቡራት ሃገራትን ናይ ሓባር ኣጻራይ ኮሚሽን ሰብኣዊ መሰል፡  ኩነታት ኢትዮጵያ ዝከታተል፡ ናይ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ኮሚሽን ሰብኣዊ መሰል ናይ ክኢላታት ኮሚሽን  ኣብዚ ቀረባ ዝቐረበ ጸብጻባት ከም ዝተኸታተሎ  እቲ መግለጺ ጠቒሱ። በቲ ናይ ክሳብ ሎሚ ጸብጻባት መሰረት፡ ሓይልታት ኢትዮጵያ፡ ኤርትራን ትግራይን ከምኡ ከኣ ከም ፋኖ ኣምሓራ ዝኣመሰሉ ዝተዓጥቁ ሓይልታት፡ ሰብኣዊ ግህሰታት ከም ዝፈጸሙ ኣብቲ መግለጺ ሰፊሩ።

ካብ ዝርዝር ናይቲ ሰብኣዊ ግህሰታት ድማ፡ ዘይሕጋዊ ቅትለት፡ ኣካላዊ ሰብኣዊ ጉድኣትን ጾታ ዝመሰረቱ ዓመጻትን ከም ዝርከቦ ተሓቢሩ።  ምስዚ ኣተሓሒዙ እቲ መግለጺ በቲ ብትካላት ሰብኣዊ መሰል ዝቐረበ ጸብጻባት ሻቕሎት ከም ዝሓደሮ ጠቒሱ፡ ጥሜት ናይ ውግእ መሳርሒ ይኸውን ኣሎ ንምባል ዘኽእል ባይታ ከም ዘሎ’ውን እቲ ጸብጻብ ኣዘኻኺሩ።

“We also condemn the escalating involvement of Eritrean military forces in northern Ethiopia.  We call on Eritrean forces to cease their military operations and withdraw from northern Ethiopia.  All foreign actors should cease actions that fuel this conflict.”

We, Australia, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States, are profoundly concerned by the escalation of the ongoing conflict and humanitarian crisis in northern Ethiopia.  We call on the Government of Ethiopia and the Tigray regional authorities to immediately halt their military offensives, agree to a cessation of hostilities, allow for unhindered and sustained humanitarian access, and pursue a negotiated settlement through peace talks under an African Union-led process.  We also condemn the escalating involvement of Eritrean military forces in northern Ethiopia.  We call on Eritrean forces to cease their military operations and withdraw from northern Ethiopia.  All foreign actors should cease actions that fuel this conflict.

Multiple reports, including the joint investigation report of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission/Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the recent report of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia (ICHREE), have documented human rights abuses committed by Ethiopian and Eritrean government forces, Tigrayan forces, and other armed actors, such as Fano militia, since the start of the conflict in November 2020.  Human rights abuses documented in these reports include unlawful killings, physical abuse, and gender-based violence.  We are deeply concerned by the ICHREE’s finding that there are reasonable grounds to believe that starvation of a civilian population has been used as a method of warfare.  The resumption of fighting in northern Ethiopia raises a high risk of further human rights violations and abuses.

We denounce any and all violence against civilians.  We call on the parties to recognize there is no military solution to the conflict, and we call on the Government of Ethiopia and the Tigray regional authorities to participate in African Union-led talks aimed at helping Ethiopia achieve a lasting peace.  Any durable solution must include accountability for human rights abuses and violations.  We also call on all parties to allow unhindered humanitarian access, ensure the safety and security of humanitarian workers, and cooperate with, and facilitate access for, international human rights monitors.

Germany‘s Federal Administrative Court rules that refugees from Eritrea must obtain a travel document from German authorities. This ruling is by Germany’s supreme administrative court. As a result the refugees must no longer be forced to first obtain papers from the Eritrean embassy beforehand, which require them submitting a “declaration of repentance.” The court ruled that no one should be forced to declare a “crime” to get a passport.

Source: Legal Tribune Online

Eritrean “declarations of remorse” for crimes are unreasonable


A person holds a passport of EritreaAn Eritrean passport – in order to obtain one, those who have left the country illegally must submit a declaration that they have committed a crime and pay “diaspora tax”. Photo: AS Photo Project/

Vulnerable people from Eritrea must admit a criminal offense in writing in order to obtain an Eritrean passport. According to the Germany’s Federal Administrative Court (BVerwG), the country’s supreme administrative court, can be forced to do this, so the German authorities must now step in and issue a passport.

Persons entitled to subsidiary protection may not be refused a travel document for foreigners because they can obtain a passport from their country of origin if they submit a “declaration of remorse” with a self-accusation of a criminal offence. The submission of such a declaration is unreasonable, the Federal Administrative Court (BVerwG) ruled in a judgment on Tuesday (ruling of October 11, 2022, Az. BVerwG 1 C 9.21).

An Eritrean national fled to Germany, where he was granted subsidiary protection. Because those who have left Eritrea illegally are threatened with imprisonment, combined with torture or inhuman and degrading treatment. The refugee later applied to the immigration authorities in Germany for a travel document for foreigners, but the application was rejected. It is reasonable for him to apply for a passport at the Eritrean embassy.

A lower court had ruled that getting a passport application in the Eritrean embassy “reasonable”

On the other hand, the man from Eritrea complained and was successful in the first instance, but the Lower Saxony Higher Administrative Court in Lüneburg agreed with the immigration authorities and did not consider the requirements for issuing a passport to be met. Because according to § 5 paragraph 1 of the Residence Ordinance it is not unreasonable to apply for a passport at the Eritrean embassy if “the person concerned is at risk of serious harm from state authorities”.

In addition, other circumstances such as the endangerment of relatives living in the country of origin would have to be added. Paying a “development or diaspora tax” of two percent of his income and submitting a “declaration of remorse” regretting that he had not complied with his “national duty” and accepting any penalties that may have been imposed is not enough .

The higher Federal Court now ruled against this, and obliged the immigration authorities to issue the man with a passport. Because it cannot be expected of the person in need of subsidiary protection to submit a declaration of this content against his expressly stated will. The court weighed his basic rights against the interests of the state, which would have to take into account the sovereignty of the country of origin, and ruled in favor of the plaintiff. Because no one should be forced to declare a crime, even if the punishment is not increased and the sentence is perhaps even reduced.

ast/LTO editorial team

ደቡብ ሱዳን መብዛሕቶም ኤርትራውያንን ኢትዮጵውያንን ዝኾኑ ልዕሊ 20 ወጻእተኛታት ካብ ሃገራ ክትሰጉግ ምዃና ብቢሲ ሓቢራ፡ ብኻልእ ወገን ድማ ፈደራላዊ ምምሕዳር ቤት ፍርዲ ጀርመን ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት ናይ ጉዕዞ ሰነድ ንምርካብ ካብ ኤምባሲ ሃገሮም ወረቐት ከቕርቡ ንኸይግደዱ ከም ዝወሰነ ማእከል ሓበሬታ ኤርትራ ኣፍሊጡ።

እዞም ካብ ደቡብ ሱዳን ናይ ምስጓግ ሓደጋ ኣጋጥምዎም ዘሎ ኤርትራውያን ዜጋታት ካብ ሃገሮም ምስ ወጹ፡ ናብ ጁባ መበግሲኦም ከተማ ካርቱም ኮይና፡ ምኽንያት ጉዕዘኦም ከኣ ደሕንነቶም ንምሕላው  ምዃኑ ተፈሊጡ። ንሳቶም ካብ ካርቱም ነቒሎም በንትዩ ወይ ፓሎት ካብ ዝበሃላ ናእሽቱ  ከተማታት ናብ ጁባ ብዘይ ፓስፖርት ብናይ ውሽጢ ሃገር በረራ ዝተጓዕዙ ምዃኖም እቲ ዜና ጠቒሱ።

ኣብ ወጻኢ ጉዳይ ሚኒስተር ደቡብ ሱዳን  ሓላፊ ጉዳይ ኢሚግረሽን፡ ሌተናል ጀነራል ኣተም ማሮል ቢያር፡ እቶም ኤርትራውያን ዝርከብዎም ስደተኛታት ዝተኣስሩን ናብ ሃገሮም ክጥረዙ ናይ ግድን ዝኾነሉን ምኽንያት ዘርዚሮም። ንሶም እቶም ሰባት ናይ ጉዕዞ ሰነድ ዘይብሎም ኣብ ርእሲ ምዃኖም፡ ኣብ ደቡብ ሱዳን ምስ ዘለዋ ትካላት ዝኾነይኹን ምትእስሳር ስለ ዘየብሎም እሞ ንጸጥታ ሃገሮም ጠንቂ ከይኮኑ ብምስጋእ እዮም ዝጥረዙ ኢሎም።

እቶም ስደተኛታት ንግዜኡ ካብ ዝተፈላለያ ሃገራት ብዘይሰነድ ናብ ደቡብ ሱዳን ዝኣትዉ ናይ ወጻኢ ዜጋታት ኣብ ዝጸንሕሉ ኮሎሎ ዝበሃል ቦታ ኣብ ዝርከብ ናይ ኢሚግረሽን ፍሉይ ትካል ከም ዘለዉ ናይ ደቡብ ሱዳን መዲያታት እውን ሓቢረን ኣለዋ።

ብኻልእ ወገን ድማ፡ ፈደራላዊ ምምሕዳር  ቤት ፍርዲ ጀርመን ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት ካብ ጀርመን ናይ ጉዕዞ ሰነድ ንምርካብ ካብ ኤምባሲ ኤርትራ ወረቐት ከቕርቡ ንኸይግደዱ ከም ዝወሰነ ማእከል ሓበሬታ ኤርትራ ኣፍሊጡ። በቲ ውሳነ መሰረት ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት ብኤምባሲ ኤርትራ ዝኾነ ቀጥዒ ንክመልኡ ኣይክግደዱን እዮም። እዚ እቲ ከም ዝተጠዓሱ መረጋገጺ ክህቡ ክግደድሉ ዝጸንሑ ምኽንያት እዩ። ኣብ መወዳእታ እቲ ምምሕዳር ጠቕላሊ ቤት ፍርዲ ጀርመን፡ ዝኾነ ሰብ ፓስፖርት ንክረክብ “ገበነኛ እየ”  ክብል ክግደድ ከይዘይግባእ ኣዕዚዙ ገሊጹ።

ናይ ኤርትራውያን ብዘይዝኾነ ይኹን ናይ ጉዕዞ ሰነድ እንዳቖራረጽካ ኣብ ደቡብ ሱዳን ምብጻሕ፡ እሞ ኣብዚ ኣትየምዎ ዘለዉ ጸገም ምውዳቐሞ ውጽኢት ናይቲ ኣብ ሃገርና ኣብዚ እዋንዚ  ዝካየድ ዘሎ   ጨካን መደብ  ግፋ ህግደፍ እዩ።

ርእሰ ዓንቀጽ ሰዲህኤ

ውግእ ኣብ ዝርዝሩ ከይኣተና፡ ኩለ-መዳያዊ ዕንወትን ህልቂትን  ስለ ዝኾነ፡ ዝምረጽ ፖለቲካዊ  መፍትሒ ኣይኮነን። እንተኾነ መሰረታዊ ናጽነትካን መሰልካን ምስ ተገፈፈ፡ ነዚ ንምምላስን መንነትካ ንምውሓስን ካልእ ምርጫ ምስ ሰኣንካ ተገዲድካ እተኣትዎ ውግእ ኣሎ። እዚ ከኣ ቅኑዕ ውግእ ኢዩ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኩሉ ዕድላት ምስተዓጽዎን ምእንቲ ሃገራዊ ናጽነቱ ዝኣተዎ እሞ ድሕሪ ሰላሳ ዓመታት ዘዐወቶ ውግእ ናይዚ ቅኑዕ ውግእ ኣብነት ኮይኑ ኣብ ታሪኽ ኤርትራ እናተዘከረ ዝነብር ዓብይ  ቦታ ዘለዎ ፍጻመ እዩ።

ብኣንጻርዚ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ይኹን ዶብ ሰጊርካ ዝግበር፡ ህዝባዊ ረብሓ ዘየውሕስ ውግእ ዘይቅኑዕ እዩ። ዘይቅኑዕ ውግእ ኣብ ረብሓ ሃገርን ህዝብን ዘይተሰረተ ስለዝኾነ ተሰዓርነቱ ዘይተርፍ እዩ። ተኸታተልቲ ገዛእቲ መንግስታት ኢትዮጵያ ፍትሓዊ ሕቶ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንምምካን ብዘይፍትሓዊ፡ ተደጋጋሚ ወራራትን  ውግኣትን ኣካይዶም መወዳእትኦም ከኣ ስዕረትን ፍሽለትን ኮይኑ። እዚ ቅኑዕ ውግእ ኣብ ልዕሊ ዘይቅኑዕ ውግእ ምዕዋቱ ከምዘይተርፍ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ባዕሉ ዘረጋገጾ ተመኮሮ ኢዩ።  ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ኤርትራውያን ካብ ዕሸል ክሳብ ብዕድመ ዝደፍአ ሽማግለ ብዘይብቑዕ ወተሃደራዊ ትምህርትን ነብስኻ ናይ ምክልኻል ዓቕምን ጉልበትን ተገዲዶም ኣብ ዘይምልከቶም ውግእ ትግራይ ኣትዮም ኣለዉ። እዚ ኢድ ኣእታውነት፡ ንህዝቢ ኢርትራ፡ ክሳራ፡ ሞትን ሕፍረትን’ምበር፡ ካልእ   ዘምጽኣሉ ክብሪ፡ መኽሰብን ዓወትን የብሉን 

ጉድኣት ውግእ፡ እቲ ውግእ ከቋርጽ እንከሎ ሽዑ ዝሓዊ ኣይኮነን። ስንብራት ገዲፉ ስለ ዝሓልፍ፡ ንዘኸተሎ ሞት፡ ስንክልና፡ ምምዝባል፡ ዝዓነወን ዝተዘምተን ንብረትን ዝፈረሰ ትሕተ-ቅርጻን፡ ስነ-ኣእምሮኣዊ ቁስልን ጽልእን ኣሕዊኻ ናብ ንቡር ንምምላሱ ነዊሕ ግዜ ዝወስድ፡ ሓላፍነታዊ ሕድገትን ኣዝዩ ዓሚቕ ኣስተብህሎን ዘድልዮ እዩ። እዚ ናይ ሕውየት መደብ ህግደፍን ኣሳሰይቱ ሓይልታትን እናሃለዉ ክትግበር ይኽእል እዩ ኢልካ ምሕሳብ ፈጺሙ ኣይከኣልን እዩ። ምኽንያቱ ክሳብ ዘለዉ ውግእን ዕንወትን ውሁብ እዩ።

ሎሚ ኤርትራውያን ንውግእ ብዝምልከት ክልተሻብ ኢና ንረአ ዘለና። ኣብ ሓደ ታሪኻዊ መድረኽ፡ ናጽነትናን መሰልናን፡ ንምዕቃብ መተካእታ ምስ ሰኣና ኣንጻር መግዛእቲ ተዋጊእና ተዓዊትና። በቲ  ንካልእ ሓይሊ ዘይኮነ ንሓቅን ርትዕን ተኣማሚና ዘመዝገብናዮ ዓወት ናይ ጽንዓትን ዘይምርብራብን ኣብነት ኮይና ተገሊጽናን ተሓቢንናን። ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ዶብ ሰጊሩ ናብ ትግራይ ብምእታዉ ንኤርትራ መዛረቢ ገይርዋ ኣሎ። እቲ ብዛዕባ ኢድ ኣእታውነቱ ዝወሃቦ ዘሎ መግለጽን ሚዛንን ድማ  ብኣንጻርቲ ናይ ግዜ ቃልሲ ንናጽነት፡ “ኣብዘይጉዳዩ ዝኣተወ ወራሪ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ” ዝብል እዩ። እዚ ከኣ ዘሕፍርን ርእስኻ ዘድንን እዩ።

ሎሚ እቲ ቅድም  ምእንቲ መሰልናን ናጽነትናን ሳላ ዝተቓለስና ዘተባብዓናን “ኣጀኹም” ዝብለናን ዝነበረ ሕብረተሰብ ዓለም፡ “ካብቲ ዝወረርኩምዎ ሃገር ውጹ” ብዝብል እዩ ንጉጅለ ህግደፍ ዘጠንቅቖ ዘሎ። እቲ ናብ ትግራይ ምእንቲ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ኢና ኣቲና ዝበሃል ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ  በታ የዋህነቱን ፍቕሪ ሃገሩን  ኣቲኻ ከተዕሽዎ ንምፍታን እንተዘይኮይኑ ሓቅነት የብሉን። ንልኡላውነትና ኣስጋኢ ዝኸውንስ እዚ ድሕሪ ዘሊልካ ናብቲ ውግእ ምእታው ዝረአ ዘሎ ምዕባለ እዩ። ኣብ መንጎ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ብፍላይ ኣብቲ ምስ ክልል ትግራይ ዘራኽብ ብዓለምለኻዊ ቤት ፍርዲ ዝተዛዘመ፡ ኣብ መሬት ቀዋሚ ምልክት ምንባር ጥራይ ዝተረፎ ግዜ ደኣ ይወስድ እምበር፡  ኣይኮነንዶ ከዋግእስ ከቋይቕ ዘይግበኦ ጉዳይ እዩ ዘለና።

ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ኢትዮጵያውያን ደገፍቲ ብልጽግና ኣብ ትግራይ የካይድዎ ኣብ ዘለዉ መሬት ናይ ምሽማው ውግእ ኤርትራውያን ተዋጋእቲ ስለ ዘድለይዎም፡ ኤርትራ ኣብ ጉዳይ ትግራይ ኢድ ምእታዋ ቅኑዕ ኣምሲሎም ንምቕራብ ዘይፍንቅልዎ እምኒ የለን። ኤርትራ ንጉዳያ እምበር ንጉዳይ ኢትዮጵያ ኢላ ኣይኮነትን ናብ ትግራይ ኣትያ ዝብሉ ወገናት ከኣ “ካብ መቐለ ናብ ኣስመራ ሚሳይል ምስ ተተኮሰ እያ ኣትያ”   እዮም ዝብሉ። እዚኣቶም ናብ ኣስመራ ሚሳይል ዝተተኮሰሉ ዕለትን ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ናብ ትግራይ  ዝወረረሉ ግዜን ዘይተረድኡ ወይ እናተረድኡ ክሓብኡ ዝደልዩ እዮም። ሎሚ ኣብ ትግራይ ብሰንክ’ቲ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ዝሳተፎ ዘሎ ውግኣት ካብ ብደብዳብ ነፈርቲ ዓድታትን ትካላት ሲቪላዊ ኣገልግሎታትን ምፍራስ ጀሚርካ፡ ክሳብ ሰባት ሰሪዕካ ምርሻን ኣብ ልዕሊ ሲቭል ሰባት፡ ዘይተነግረ እንተዘይኮይኑ ዘይተፈጸመ ግፍዒ የለን። ካብዚ ብምንቃል እዮም ድማ ዝተፈላለዩ ወገናት፡ ኣብ ታሪኽ ደማውን ኣጽናትን ውግኣት፡ ነዚ ኣብ ትግራይ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ህልቂት፡ ቅድሚት ዝስራዕ እዩ ዝብልዎን ፖለቲካዊ ኣተሓሳስባኦም ብዘየገድስ ብሰብኣውነት ደጋጊሞም ዝኹንንዎን ዘለዉ።

ደረጃታቱ ከም ዝፈላለ ፍሉጥ እዩ። እንተኾነ ከምቲ “እንተ ክትድቕስ ጐረቤትካ ይደቅስ” ዝበሃል ህዝቢ ኤርትራ እውን ኣብ ርእሲቲ ዝጸንሖ ወጽዓ ኣብ ዝለዓለ ሕሰምን ሓደጋን እዩ ዝርከብ ዘሎ። ኣብ መንጎ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ህግደፍን ዘሎ ናይ “ደቅኹም ንውግእ ኣቕርቡ-ኣይነቕርብን” ግብግብ ኣብ ዝለዓለ ጥርዙ በጺሑ ኣሎ። ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝመርሕ ዘሎ ሕጊ ዘይኮነ፡ ሓይልን ዓመጽን ስለ ዝኾነ፡  ህግደፍ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ግዝያዊ ዓወት የመዝግብን ህዝብና የንብዕን ኣሎ። እዞም ሎሚ ግዳያት ዝኾኑ ዘለዉ ህጻናት መብዛሕቶም ደቂ-ደቂ እቶም ናይ ነጻነት ስዉኣት ምዃኖም ድማ ኤርትራ ክሳብ ክንደይ  ኣብ ግጉይ መንገዲ ተኹድድ ከምዘላ  ዘረድእ እዩ። ወያ ኣብቲ ናታ ውግእ ዘዕጠቐትን ዘስነቐትን ሓቦኛ ኤርትራዊት ኣደ፡ ሎሚ በዓል ቤታ፡ ወዳ ወይ ወዲ-ወዳ፡ ጓላ ወይ ጓል-ጓላ፡ ብሓይሊ ናብ ዘይልከቶም ውግእ ስለ ዝተወስዱ ንብዓት ተነጺፋ ትሓድር ኣላ። ከምቲ “ዓሻ ሰበይቲሲ ወዲ ሓሙታ ዘይወዳ ይመስላ” ዝበሃል፡ ነዚ እናሰመዓ፡ “ኩራዕ መንደላይ” እናተደርፈለን ብባንዴራ ኢትዮጵያ ተሰንየን ክስዕስዓን ክዕልላን ዝሓድራ ውሑዳት ኤርትራውያን ኣደታት ምህላወን: ክሳብ ክንደይ ገለ ኤርትራውያን ካብ ንቡር  ሰብኣውነት ወጺአን ምህላወን ዘርኢ እዩ። ንሳተን ጥራይ ኣይኮናን፡ ዲኖ ለቢሶም  ዋልታን ሴፍን ገቲሮም ኣብ ጎደናታት ዝፍክሩ ዝገደዱ’ውን ኣለዉ። እዚኣቶም ሓንሳብ ስለ ዝተጸለሉ ዘኽፍኣሎምን ዘጸብቐሎም ኣይፈልጡን እዮም። ንዓና ከም ኤርትራውያን ዜጋታት ግና የሕፍረና።

ሓደ ኣብ ማሕበራዊ መድያ ዝተሰምዐ ጭንቂ ኤርትራውያን ኣደታት ዘርኢ ተረኽቦ ንጥቀስ፡ “ኤርትራዊት ጓል ክልተ ስዉኣት እያ። ክንድሰብ ምስኮነት ተመርዕያ ወሊዳን። ሰብኣያ ኣብቲ ናይ ቅድም ውግእ ተሰዊኡ። ካልኣይ ሰብኣይ ምስ ተመርዓወት  ከኣ: ኣብዚ ናይ ሎሚ ናብ ትግራይ ክኸትት ተድልዩ ኣይተረኽበን። ድሕሪዚ ንሳ ሰብኣያ ከተረክብ ስለ ዘይከኣለት፡ መንበሪ ገዝኣ ተዓጽዩ ምስ ውላዳ ኣብ ማእከል ጐልጐል ተደርብያ።” እዚ ኣብ ትግራይ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ውግእ ክሳብ ክንደይ ንኤርትራዊ’ውን ከም ዘረኻኸበሉ ዘርኢ ኣብነት’ዩ። እሞ ነዚ ዝዕዘብ ዘሎ ህዝቢ ኤርትራሲ  “እዚ ኩሉ ግፍዒሲ ኣብ ምንቲ ምንታይ” ክብልዶ ኣይግበኦን?

Page 6 of 492

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