These are some of their findings.
The Panel identified three such illegal enterprises that have been operating in
The Panel determined that the commander of the Petroleum Facilities Guard in Zawiyah, Mohamed Al Amin Al-Arabi Kashlaf (LYi.025), and the commander of the Libyan Coast Guard in Zawiyah, Abd al-Rahman al-Milad (LYi.026), together with Osama Al-Kuni Ibrahim (LYi.029), continue to run a large trafficking and smuggling network in Zawiyah.
Since the two commanders were listed in 2018, they have further expanded that network by including armed entities operating in the Warshafanah, Sabratah and Zuwarah areas. The expanded Zawiyah Network now encompasses elements of 55 Brigade, the Stability Support Apparatus command in Zawiyah, and in particular its maritime units, and individual members of the Libyan Coast Guard, all operating with a view to executing the Network’s common plan of gaining substantive financial and other assets from human trafficking and migrant smuggling activities.
The Network has established an irregular detention system that comprises the Al-Nasr, Al-Maya and Al-Zahra detention centres for migrants, as wells multiple temporary detention places in the areas of Zawiyah and Harsha, where elements of the Network committed serious violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law against 34 detainees. This detention system has enabled the Network to exercise physical control of trafficked or smuggled persons for the purpose of gaining financial and other profits for the benefit of its members.
Libya. The UN Security Council confirms sanctions on coastguard traffickers
Nello Scavo Friday 20 October 2023
The tightening of sanctions for the bosses of human beings, oil and arms trafficking was unanimously approved. From the coast guard "Bija" to the heads of the "oil police" up to the director of the "lagers"
In the center the major of the Libyan coast guard al-Milad (Bija) and to his left, in a blue shirt, Mohammed Kashlaf, head of the "oil police" accused of being the head of the criminal organization
Libya is not a safe port of disembarkation, and the direct connections between the Libyan coast guard and traffickers in human beings, oil and weapons are the driving force behind the chain of exploitation and enrichment. The United Nations Security Council unanimously accepted the requests of the UN investigators , who proposed tightening sanctions against the main bosses of a criminal system that brings together politics, militias and clans.
The decision puts the Italian government and the Piantedosi directives in difficulty, according to which humanitarian rescue organizations should first coordinate with the so-called Libyan coast guard, which the UN instead indicates as one of the main mechanisms of the criminal system.
After a long internal discussion, the Security Council accepted the requests of the UN investigators in Libya, whose mandate was renewed until 2025. The representatives for whom the freezing of assets and the absolute travel ban are requested are five, but one died on March 16 this year in Egypt.
The other members of the "Libyan poker" are heavy names, starting with Saadi Gaddafi, the ex-footballer son of Colonel Gaddafi, who is trying to sell a property in Canada by circumventing the sanctions also through the Libyan consulate in Turkey. The fifty-year-old Gaddafi would have traveled undisturbed and on 27 June 2023, UN experts wrote to the Turkish government «regarding the implementation of the asset freezing and travel ban measures. No response was received." According to investigators, Gaddafi's signature on a power of attorney filed in Turkey constitutes "proof of Turkey's failure to comply with the travel ban measure".
If the Gaddafis represent the past that continues to loom over Libya, especially due to the enormous legacy left by the dictator patriarch and never truly quantified, the list of those sanctioned includes the new bosses of today's Libya. Like Mohammed Al Amin Al-Arabi Kashlaf .
"The Group of Experts has established that the Petroleum Facilities Guard of Zawiyah is an entity that is nominally under the control of the Government of National Unity", therefore not a private police in the strict sense but an armed group affiliated to the central authorities and responsible for monitor the main oil plants, from which however a certain quantity of hydrocarbons is illegally disappeared and then placed on the European market thanks to a dense network of smugglers.
"The group of experts - it continues - has asked the Libyan authorities to provide updated information on the implementation of the asset freeze and travel ban against this individual, including details on the current status and chain of command of Petroleum Facilities Guard in Zawiyah, as well as on his financial activities and personal economic resources."
Also in this case the Libyan authorities "have not yet responded".
Connected to Kashlaf is Abd al-Rahman al-Milad , perhaps the best known of the clan. Also known as "Bija", he used "forged United Nations documents in an attempt to lift the travel ban and asset freeze imposed on him". However, Bija moved forward, finding support both "in the Libyan government and in private interlocutors within Libya", with the aim of obtaining support "for his request for cancellation" of the sanctions. In particular, UN investigators are in possession of "an official Libyan document, issued on 28 September 2022 by the Office of the Attorney General, in which the responsible authorities are ordered - the experts report - to remove Al-Milad's name from the system national monitoring of arrivals and departures".
A cover-up at the highest level of the judiciary, which had already acquitted him of the oil trafficking charges, and which "would allow Al-Milad to leave Libya with the assets in his possession, in violation of the asset freezing measure". On 25 January 2023 «the Panel asked the Libyan authorities to provide updated information on the effective implementation of the asset freeze and travel ban against Al-Milad. The request was made following the resumption of his professional duties in the Libyan Armed Forces, including appointment as an officer at the Janzour Naval Academy following his release from pre-trial detention on 11 April 2021." Nine months later, the Libyan authorities "have still not responded".
The resolution approved by the Security Council is also based on another accusation from the «Panel of Experts» who «established that the commander of the Petroleum Facilities Guard of Zawiyah, Mohamed Al Amin Al-Arabi Kashlaf, and the commander of the Guard coastal Libyan Zawiyah, Abd al-Rahman al-Milad (Bija), together with Osama Al-Kuni Ibrahim , continue to operate a vast trafficking and smuggling network in Zawiyah." The sanctions did not hurt them. “Since the two commanders were listed in 2018, they have further expanded the network to include armed entities operating in the Warshafanah, Sabratha and Zuara areas.” Everything revolves around prisons for refugees. « The Zawiyah network continues to be centralized in the Al-Nasr migrant detention facility in Zawiyah, managed by Osama Al-Kuni Ibrahim», Bija's cousin identified thanks to some images published by Avvenire in September 2019. The name he appears in several investigations. Based on «ample evidence of a consistent pattern of human rights violations, the Panel found - the panel added - that Abd al-Rahman al-Milad and Osama al-Kuni Ibrahim continued to be responsible for acts of torture, forced labor and other ill-treatment of persons illegally confined in the Al-Nasr detention centre ", with the aim of extorting "large sums of money and as punishment".
The criminal business model is precisely what Rome does not want to recognize, but which the UN investigators and the Security Council reiterate: «Zawiyah's expanded network - we read in the report - now includes elements of the 55th Brigade, the command of the Stability Support Unit in Zawiyah, particularly its maritime units, and individual members of the Libyan Coast Guard, all working to execute the network's joint plan to obtain significant financial and other resources from human trafficking activities and migrants".
The graph with which UN experts showed the Security Council the criminal system involving members of the Libyan coast guard and human traffickers - Panel of UN experts
The Security Council was shown the scheme which includes «four operational phases: (a) the search and return to land of migrants at sea; (b) the transfer from disembarkation points to the detention centers of the Directorate for the fight against illegal migration; (c) the abuse of detainees in detention centers; (d) the release of prisoners who are victims of abuse." Once the migrants are released, they re-enter the cycle of exploitation: put back into the sea, leaving a percentage to be captured by the coastguards to justify Italian and European support for the so-called Libyan coast guard, and again «transfer from the disembarkation points to the centers of detention by the Directorate for the fight against illegal migration; the abuse of prisoners in detention centers; the release of prisoners who are victims of abuse".
The UN report and the unanimous vote of the 15 countries that sit in the Security Council are a slap in the face. «With regards to the travel ban and the freezing of assets - we read in a summary note of the session at the Glass Palace -, the Member States, in particular those in which the designated persons and entities are based, have been invited to report" to the Sanctions Committee on "their respective actions to effectively implement both measures in relation to all persons included in the sanctions list".
All the exponents indicated by the "Panel of experts" are included in the Interpol "alert" list. The resolution approved yesterday also concerns the smuggling of oil and weapons. The Security Council extended “the authorization of measures to stop the illicit export of petroleum products from Libya and the mandate of the group of experts helping to oversee this process.”
Martin Plaut posted: " From the Eritrean Seaman Union We, the Eritrean Seaman Union, issue this official statement on 21 October 2023 in response to recent statements made by the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed concerning Eritrea's territorial sovereignty and its waters" Martin Plaut
We, the Eritrean Seaman Union, issue this official statement on 21 October 2023 in response to recent statements made by the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed concerning Eritrea's territorial sovereignty and its waters in the Red Sea.
Recent developments in the Red Sea region, particularly Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's statements regarding the ownership of the Red Sea, have raised significant concerns for us.
These statements not only raise questions about Eritrea's sovereignty in the Red Sea but also present legal and diplomatic challenges.
It appears that these statements are driven by the aspiration for a 'Greater Ethiopia' and territorial unity in the Red Sea region, potentially compromising both the aspirations of Greater Ethiopia and the sovereignty of the Eritrean Red Sea.
Consequently, we strongly urge all relevant parties to prioritize the sovereignty and well-being of the Eritrean Red Sea.
We emphasize the importance of resolving these issues through diplomatic dialogue, adhering to the principles of international law.
We call for an immediate cessation of any actions that threaten Eritrea's sovereignty.
We sincerely hope that collaborative efforts will lead to a peaceful resolution, in line with international law, and respect the rights of the rightful owners of the Eritrean Red Sea. Eritrean Seaman Union
Norway prepares to prevent “Transnational Repression” by foreign powers against diaspora communitiesWritten by Martin Plaut
ሱዳናዊ ሲቪላዊ ግንባር ኣብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ ክጋብኡ መደብ ተጣሒዙ ከምዘሎ ሱዳን ትሪቡን/SUDAN TRIBUNE ሓቢራ። እዚ 24 ጥቅምቲ 2023 ዝካየድ ኣኼባ ኣብቲ ቅድም ተታሒዝሉ ዝነበረ ናይ 22 ጥቅምቲ 2023 መደብ ዳግመ-ግምት ብምግባር ዝካየድ ምዃኑ እውን ተፈሊጡ።
እቲ ናይ ኣኼባ ዕለት ለውጢ ምግባር ዘድለየ፡ ብናይ ቅድም ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ሱዳን ዶ/ር ዓብደላ ሓምዶክ ዝቐረበ ናይ ይናዋሕ ሕቶ እዩ። ሓምዶክ ዕለት ኣኼባ ክናዋሕ ዝሓተትሉ ምኽንያት ከኣ፡ ምስቲ ብዓብደል ዓዚዝ ዝምራሕ ሱዳናዊ ህዝባዊ ምንቅስቓስን ምስቲ ብዓብደል ዋሂድ ኑር ዝምራሕ ምንቅስቓስ ሓርነት ሱዳንን ንምምኽካር ዘኽእል ግዜ ንምርካብ ምዃኑ ኣብቲ ጸብጻብ ተሓቢሩ።
ናይቲ ኣኼባ ኣዳለውቲ ካብ ዝኾኑ ሓደ ጠይብ ማልካብ እቲ ናይ ኣኼባ ዕለት ምትዕርራይ በቶም ተሳተፍቲ ተቐባልነት ከም ዝረኸበ ጠቒሶም። ኣተሓሒዞም ድማ ኣሰናዳኢት ሽማግለ ብዶ/ር ሓምዶክ እናተመርሐት ናይቲ ኣኼባ ኣጀንዳን ናይ ኣፈጻጽማ ሕግታትን ከም ዘጽደቐት ኣፍሊጦም።
ሓደሓደ ተዓዘቲ’ኳ ኣብ ዝርዝር ተሳተፍቲ ናይቲ ኣኼባ ዘይምርድዳእ ነይሩ ዝብል ሓበሬታ ናብ ማዕከን ዜና ሱዳን ትሪቡን እንተቕረቡ፡ ኣጣይብ ማልካቢ ግና ጸገም ከምዘየለን “መን ይሳተፍ?” ኣብ ዝብል 5 መዓልታት ቅድሚ ዕለት ኣኼባ ከም ዝተሰማምዑን ገሊጾም። ካብቶም ክሳተፉ ትጽቢት ዝግበረሎም ዘይክሳተፉ ይኽእሉ እዮም ዝበሃሉ ካብ 2% ከምዘይበዝሑ ኣፍሊጦም። ካብቶም ተሳተፍቲ ተወከልቲ ሲቪላዊ ማሕበር ከባቢ 20%፡ ተወከልቲ ፖለቲካዊ ውድባትን ወተሃደራዊ ምንቅስቓስን ድማ ካብ13 ባእታታት ከም ዘይበዝሑ ኣፍሊጦም።
Mon 10/23/2023 12:29 PM
War is likely in the Horn. It is just a matter of who, when and over what
By Makeda Saba
I observe the following issues in the Horn of Africa.
The relationship between President Isaias and PM Abiy
Tigray – TPLF unfinished business
Isaias is unhappy about the Pretoria Cessation of Hostilities Agreement and has made it known that he disapproves.
Isaias is unhappy that twice PM Abiy pulled the ENDF out of Tigray—the first time soon after claiming victory and the second time just before the Pretoria Agreement.
Fano militia – Eritrea backing, arming training. We have seen the videos.
Afar militia in Ethiopia – Eritrea backing, arming, training. They even returned to Eritrea, Eritrean Afar Soldiers fleeing the regime.
Oromo – History of Eritrea support – officially suspended in 2018, but....? There is no information on any Eritrea Oromo reconnection, but anything is possible in the game of politics of convenience and power.
Bademe may be under Eritrean control, but it is a Kunama area. In recent history (2002), they asked for the protection of the Ethiopian Government.
The Irob border, a part of the territory, should be handed over to Eritrea as per the Eritrea-Ethiopian Boundary Commission. However, the Irob people in the area want to remain part of Ethiopia; they do not want to be separated.
Eritrea has closed all the central and Eastern borders
Ethiopia has closed the OmHajer/Humera border to cut off the Fano militia
The border dispute still needs to be resolved, and the Eritrea Djibouti Agreement sponsored by Qatar is not fully implemented. Critically, to date, Eritrea has not fully accounted for all of the Djibouti POWs.
The hottest border contestation within Ethiopia has to be Welkait – Western Tigray, claimed by the Amhara and the people of Tigray. Per the Pretoria Agreement, the Amhara Fano militia had to withdraw from Welkait and hand over to the ENDF. This is an outcome the Fano are not happy with, especially since the mechanism for resolving the dispute is stillborn.
Eritrea is keen for the Amhara to hold on to Welkait because it:
Denies Tigray access to Sudan in general and specifically Port Sudan
Provides Eritrea with an even longer border with Sudan
In Ethiopia, there are other internal land and border contestations, such as:
Benishangul – the issue is land taken for the GERD, land assigned to Amhara and other highlanders, without consultation in the 1980s
External border between Afar and Somali Region
Internal border between Oromia and Somali Region and so on.
In each case, there is no credible, trusted and independent institutional process to mediate, arbitrate, or adjudicate the disputes.
Ethiopia Sudan – Al Fashiga
The dispute over this border, specifically over the access to very fertile land in the area, is a source of continuous tensions between Ethiopia and Sudan. Within Ethiopia, access to the land in question is primarily of interest to the Amhara. Therefore, the possible annexation by force of arms of Welkait set a precedent for the region that any Sudanese factions could not ignore.
GERD – Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea, Nile Basin
Before 2018, Eritrea supported Egypt’s position on the dam. President Isaias even gave an interview from Cairo to the effect that the dam was a big white elephant. After 2018, they flipped in support of PM Abiy, who, before becoming PM, was not supportive of the dam. However, after 2018, the dam became a rallying point for all Ethiopians; hence, PM Abiy flipped. The dam is still a rallying point for all Ethiopians. Within this story is the mysterious death of the dam engineer – deemed a suicide, but there are sufficient anomalies to cast doubt as to whether it genuinely was suicide. I digress...
President Isaias seems to have flipped back to Egypt – hence his recent visit to Cairo and flip on the Sudan Coup Generals. He, officially at least, flipped from supporting Hemeti and the Janjaweed to supporting Burhan, whom Egypt supports. Therefore, Eritrea remains a crucial player in the Sudan crisis/ /resolution, but Ethiopia is nowhere to be seen.
Isaias’s flip to Egypt can be seen as shoring up support in the event of any attempt by Abiy to annex Assab.
Isaias also seems to have repaired his relationship with Somalia by allowing the repatriation of the Somali soldiers trained in Eritrea. I am sure A three-year training programme included political formation, hence the mastery of how to manipulate and control people; therefore, we should be very cautious about a three-year training programme.
Omo River – Somalia, Kenya
The water dispute that does not make the news is the one that concerns the Omo River in the South of Ethiopia. In this area, there are dams and water irrigation projects that take minimal to no account of the water needs of the neighbours.
Red Sea – Assab
There is a deliberate clouding of the issues
Access – is definitively possible. It is an arrangement that Ethiopia already has with Djibouti, Mombasa, etc...But the devil is in the details because access to Assab will require extensive upgrades ( to international shipping standards) of the port and possibly the area around it. This raised the question of who pays for it. Eritrea will want Ethiopia to spend and expect to profit from the deal from the get-go. It is the arrangement they have with the mining companies. The inability to agree on terms and conditions for access was the source of tension before the 1998-2000 border war started. The same failure to reach an agreement was also the reason the Oil refinery in Assab was closed by Isaias in 1997.
Possession – This would require that the Eritrean government to hand over Assab to Ethiopia.
The conventional thinking and the thinking of every Eritrean anywhere is that this is not possible because Assab was the first point of the Italian colonisation of Eritrea, and we all want to keep the State of Eritrea as established by the Italian/ Ethiopian Colonial treaties and as it was before the annexation of Eritrea by Emperor Haile Selassie.
However, we are dealing with people who apply such thinking only if it is convenient to them and their hold of power. Isaias and Abiy have transported us back to the 18th and 19th centuries when taking territory by force of arms was not only legitimate, it was the mark of a leader. In addition, since 2018, we have not learned what PM Abiy and President Isaias have agreed to do because of the total lack of transparency. Hence, it is possible that a secret deal over Assab was reached and is not going as planned because of personal differences between the two leaders.
No War, No Peace
Based on my outline above, we are returning to No War No Peace. This suits Isaias as he gets to maintain his iron grip over Eritrea and can fall back on the narrative of “You cannot trust Ethiopians”, switching back from “Tigray” and “Woyane”. We are already starting to see the Tesfanews, etc, making this switch, calling Abiy on the issue of the Red Sea, and circulating previous videos where Abiy thanked the EDF for their sacrifice and support in Tigray.
We already know President Isaias is comfortable with the No War, No Peace scenario. The issue will be whether he will allow TPLF and PM Abiy to reconcile. I do not think he will. Hence, he is not pulling out of Tigray (i.e. Ethiopian territory) and will continue to arm and support militias in Ethiopia.
Abiy staked his reputation on the normalisation of the relationship between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the opening of the border and gaining access to the Red Sea via Eritrea. Therefore, he will not be comfortable with a No War, No-peace scenario and Eritrean troops in Ethiopian territory.
Another round of war in the Horn is much more likely than we think. Because both leaders:
do not think of power and politics in modern terms. They think of it as did their ancestors during the era of the Princess. Therefore, war is not the failure of politics- it is politics;
have learnt that they can do anything, any horror, and all will be forgiven because their territories have International geo-political and strategic importance. Post-Tigray war, the US, EU, etc, could not wait to normalise relationships with Ethiopia and the UAE; the Saudis do not care.
President Isaias is actively pushing for a multipolar world and consequently has aligned Eritrea behind Putin over Ukraine. The Russians are looking for a naval base on the Red Sea, and Eritrea will likely allow it. Dahlak Islands were the site of the USSR naval base; though it is in ruins, the site is still there.
The recent US naval presence in the Red Sea in response to the Palestine conflict is likely to expedite the establishment of a Russian naval base in Eritrean territorial waters.
The Israeli-Palestine conflict and the failure of the international community to see that what Israel is doing to the Palestinians is wrong and is fast heading to disaster provides the cover of a perfect storm for Abiy and Isaias to create another Horn of Africa war. After all, the US presidential elections and COVID-19 provided cover for the Tigray war.
As a final point, we should pay attention to who provides which drones to whom.
ስርዓት ህግደፍ ኣብ ውግእ ትግራይ ድሕሪ ምስታፎም፡ ዕረፍቲ ተዋሂብዎም ኣብቲ ዝተባህልዎ ግዜ ናብ ኣሃዱታቶም ዘይተመልሱ ብዝብል ምስምስ ወተሃደራት 6 ኣዋርሕ ንክእሰሩ ከም ዝወሰነ ሬድዮ ኤረና ሓቢራ።
መብዛሕቶም ‘ቶም ዝተኣስሩ ኣባላት ሰራዊት፣ ናብ ኣሃዱታቶም ብዘይምምላሶም “‘ካብ ክድዓት ዘይፍለ’ዩ’” ዝብል ክሲን ጸለመን ከምዝቐረቦም እቲ ሓበሬታ ጠቒሱ። ከም ሓቂ ግና መብዛእቶም ካብቶም ግዳያት ብዘይኣላዩ ሓዲጎሞም ናብ ውግእ ትግራይ ዝኸዱ ቤተሰብን ንብረትን ንምእላይ፣ ከምኡ እውን ሕርሻን ጥሪትን ንምክትታልን ዝተገደዱ ምዃኖም ተፈሊጡ።
ውግእ ትግራይ ይካየድ ኣብ ዝነበረሉ እዋን፣ ብግፋን ካልእ ናይ ምግዳድ ኣገባብን፣ ኣዝዮም ብዕድመ ዝደፍኡ ኤርትራውያን ኣረጋውያን ከይተረፉ ተገዲዶም ከም ዝተወስዱ ዝዝከር እዩ። ኣጋጣሚ ረኺቦም ናብ ውግእ ዘይከተቱ ከኣ ኣባይቶም ይዕጾን ንብረቶም ይውረስን ከም ዝነበረ ዝፍለጥ እዩ።
እዚ ከምዚሉ እንከሎ፡ ቅድሚ ሓደ ዓመት ውዕል ሰላም ኣብ ደቡ ኣብፍሪቃ ኣብ መንጎ ፈደራል መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያን ክልል ትግራይን ምኽታሙ፡ ብዙሓት ደቆም ናብ ትግራይ ምስ ከዱ ደሃይ ዘይገበርሎም ኤርትራውያን ስድራቤታት መርድእ ክሰምዑ ብስግኣት ይጽበዩ ከም ዘለዉ ተሓቢሩ። ምስዚ ብዝተዛመደ ኣብ ክልል ትግራይ መርድእ ስዉኣት ብወግዒ ከም ዝተነግረን ናይ ሰለስተ መዓልታት ወግዓዊ ናይ ምጽንናዕ ተግባር ከም ዝተኻየደን ዝፍለጥ እዩ።
ርእሰ ዓንቀጽ ሰዲህኤ
ኩነታት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ድሕሪ ናጽነት፡ ክሳብ ክንደይ ኣዝዩ ዝኸፈአ ኮይንኑ ከምዘሎ ምምርማር ዘድልዮ ኣይኮነን። እቲ ምረት “ኣብዚ ይሓሽ” ዘይበሃሎ ኣብ ኩሉ መዳያት ህይወት ዝረአ ምዃኑ ከኣ ዝያዳ ዘገርም ይገብሮ። ኣብ ትሕቲ ካለኦት ዲክታተራት ካብ ዝርአ ህይወት ዝኸፈአ ዝገብሮ ከኣ ንሱ እዩ። እዚ ሕሱም መነባብሮ ብዘይካ ኣብ ውሱናት መሳርሒ ኢሳያስ ክኾኑ ዝመረጹ ኣካላት፡ ኣብ ኩሉ ኤርትራዊ ብዘይኣፈላላይ ዝረአ ዘሎ እዩ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ምስቲ ዋና ሃገሩ ንክኸውን ዝኸፈሎ ክቡር ዋጋ እዚ ዝሓልፎ ዘሎ ህይወት ንዓኡ ዘይምጥን ምዃኑ ስለ ዝርዳእ ኣንጻርቲ ናይቲ ሕሰም ጠንቂ ኣብ ቀጻሊ ቃልሲ ይርከብ ኣሎ።
ናይዚ ዝተጠቕሰ ሕሰም ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ጠንቅን ዕምቆትን ዝርዝራዊ ኮይኑ፡ እቲ እንኮ ዝሕተተሉ ጉጅለ ኢሳያስ እዩ። “ህግደፍዩ ተሓታቲ” ክበሃል እንከሎ ካብ ጽልእን ምጽብጻብ ዝሓለፈ ፍልልይን ዝነቅል ዘይኮነ ካብ ህልዊ ጸረ ህዝቢ ተግባሩ ዝነቅል እዩ። ፖለቲካዊ ጥልመት፡ ቁጠባዊ ድኽነት፡ ግህሰት መሰላት፡ ጸጥታዊ ስግኣት ብኩራት ፍትሒ፡ ……ወዘተ ኩሎም ነናቶም ዝርዝራዊ ኣፈጻጽማን ሳዕቤንን ዘለዎም ናይቲ ሕሰም መርኣያታት እዮም። ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ድማ እቲ ሕሱም ምምሕዳር ህግደፍ መነባብሮ ህዝቢ ካብ ምምስቓል ሓሊፉ፡ ንህልውና ኤርትራ ከም ሉኡላዊት ሃገር፡ ኣብ ሓደጋ ከየውድቃ እውን እዋናዊ መደረታት ሰበ ስልጣን ኢትዮጵያ መረጋገጺ እዩ።
ህግደፍ “ናይቲ በደላት ተሓታቲ ኣነ እየ” ኢሉ ክእመንኳ ባህርያቱ እንተዘይፈቐደሉ፡ እቲ ጸገማት ብሰፊሑ ከምዘሎ ግና ዝኽሕዶ ኣይኮነን። እኳዳ ብኣብነታት ኣሰንዩ እዩ ደጋጊሙ ዝዝርዝሮ። ብህዝቢ ዝቐርብ ኩለ-መዳያዊ ሕቶታት ተሓቲቱ ክምልስ ዝግበኦ ክነሱ ፡ ተመሊሱ ሓታታይ ኮይኑ ዝቑዝመሉ መድረኻት እውን ብዙሕ እዩ።
ህግደፍ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ንምድዕዓስ ካብ ዝጥቀመሎም መዳህለሊ ስልትታት “ካብዚ ናትካ ዝኸፈአ መነባብሮ ዘለዎም ህዝብታት ስለዘለዉ ኣማሪርካ ኣይትሕተተኒ” ዝብል እዩ። ዘይውዳእ ናይ “ኣብ መጻኢና ክንዕረይ ኢና” መብጸዓታት እውን ይውሰኾሉ እዩ። ገበናቱ ሓቢኡ ንሓንሳብ ንኣሜሪካ፡ ንሓንሳብ ንሃገራት ኤውሮጳን ከምኡ’ውን ንትግራይ ተሓተቲ ጌርካ ምቕራብ ድማ ካብቲ መህደምታቱ እዩ። ብዘለዎ ጸላእቲ ናይ ምርባሕ ተመኩሮ ኣብ መጻኢ ድማ ንኢትዮጵያ ወይ ንሱዳንን ተሓተቲ ጌሩ ዘየቕርበሉ ምኽንያት የለን። ብዛዕባቶም ንልኡላውነቶም ክንዲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዋጋ ዘይከፈሉ ክንሶም፡ ካብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብ ዝሓሸ ዲሞክራሲ፡ ሰላምን ልምዓትን ዝነብሩ ህዝብታት ዛንታ ክለዓል ኣይደልን እዩ። ብኣንጻሩ እኳደኣ ንምውናን ሕገ-መንግስታዊ ምምሕዳር፡ ምክያድ ምርጫን ናጻነት ሓሳብካ ምግላጽን ምውዳብን ናይ ዲሞክራሲ መግለጺ ኣይኮኑን ኢሉ ክሰብኽ ንድሕሪት ዝብል ኣይኮነን።
ምናልባት ናይ ጽቡቕ ይኹን ናይ ሕማቕ መወዳእታ ጫፍ ስለ ዘየለ፡ ካብዚ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝነብሮ ዘሎ ህይወት ዝኸፈአ መነባብሮ ዘሕልፉ ህዝብታት ይህልዉ። ዝሓለፈን ዝቕጽል ዘሎን ተመኩሮ ህዝቢ ሱርያ፡ ሊቢያ፡ የመን፡ ሶማሊያ፡ ኢትዮጵያን ሱዳንን ምጥቃስ ይከኣል። እንተኾነ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ተኹሲ-ኣልቦ ናይ ህልውና ስግኣት ቀሊል ግምት ዝወሃቦ ኣይኮነን። እምበርከ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ብስእነት ዝስተ ማይ፡ ሓይሊ ኤለክትሪክ፡ ሕጽረት ሕክምናን ብኩራት መራኸብታትን፡ ከምኡ እውን ምኽንያቱ ብዘይፍለጥ ዝተኣስረ ቤተሰብካ ኣይኮነንዶ ፍትሒ ክረክብ ኣበይ ከምዝተዳጐነ ዘይትፈልጠሉ ኩነታት ኤርትራ ናይ ሰላም ምልክት እዩ ማለት ድዩ?
ስለምንታይ እዩኸ ህግደፍ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣብ ክንዲ ምስቲ ካብ ናቱ ኣብ ዝኸፈአ ህይወት ዝነብር ዘሎ ህዝብታት፡ ምስቲ ኣብ ገዛእ ሃገሩ ሰላሙ፡ ልምዓቱ፡ ዲሞክራስያውን ሰብኣውን መሰላቱ ተሓልይሉ ኣብ ቀጻሊ ጐደና ልምዓት ዝነብር ህዝብታት ዘየወዳድሮ። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ኢሳያስ “ከም ናይ ህዝቡ መነባብሮ ዝነብር መራሒ” ዝብል ናእዳ ንምርካብ ኮንጎ ሳእኒ ወድዩ ብምኻድን ጐልፎ ተኸዲኑ ኣጋይሽ ብምቕባል ክሽቅጥ ይፍትን። በዚ ዘታለሎም ሒደት ወገናት’ውን ኣለዉ።
ምናልባት እቲ ኢሳያስ ዝፈጥሮ ድራማ ሓቂ ተዝኸው እውን፡ ናይ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ድሌት ድኻ መሲሉ ዘድክዮ ምምሕዳር ምፍጣር ኣይኮነን። ብኣንጻሩ ኣብ ገዛእ ሃገሩ “ሕረስ ሓረስታይ ንገድ ነጋዳይ” ተባሂሉ ሃገሩን ነብሱን ዝጠቕመሉ ኩነታት ምፍጣር እዩ። ከይዛረብ ኣፉ ለጒሙ፡ ሓሪሱን ነጊዱን ከይነብር ኣእዳዉ ኣሲሩ፡ ኣብ ሃገሩ ከይነብር ናብ ስደት ደፊኡ፡ ፍትሒ ነፊጉ ኣብ ኣብያተ-ማእሰርቲ ኣብልዩ፡ ክፉት ሳእኒ እናወደየን ዝኣረገ ጃኬት እንዳተኸደነን ዝዋሰኦ ድራማታት ኪኖ ኣሽካዕላል ካልእ ትርጉም ዝወሃቦ ኣይኮነን። እቲ ሕቡኣት ስቪል ዝተኸድኑ ሓለዋ ኣዋፊሩ ኣብ ጐደናታት ዝንቀስቐሶን ኣብ ህዝባዊ ጓይላታት ዝሳተፎን እውን ካብዚ ዝተፈልየ መዳህለሊ መልእኽቲ የብሉን።
ኣብዚ ቀረባ ግዜ ክንሰምዖ ዝጸናሕና ካልእ ኣሽካዕላል ከኣ “ህግደፍ ኣብ ወጻኢ ፈስቲቫላት ዝውድብሲ ኣብ ወጻኢ ተወሊዶም ኣብኡ ንዝዓብዩ ኤትራውያን ህጻናት ባህሊ ሃገሮም ንከይርስዑ መድረኽ ንምፍጣር እዩ” ዝብል ካልእ ማይ ዘይጠዓመ ምህዞ እዩ። ንምዃኑ ናብ ኣብ ወጻኢ ዝተወልዱ ምምጥጣር ይጽነሓሉ እሞ፡ እቶም ኣብ ኤርትራ ተወሊዶም ኣብ ሃገሮም ዝዓበዩ ዘለዉ ህጻናት ባህሎም ይፈልጡን ፍቕሪ ህዝብን ሃገርን የስጠማቕሩ ኣለዉ ማለት ድዩ?፡ ወዮ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ብዘለዎ ጽልእን ቅርሕትን ዝተላዕጠጠ ህግደፍሲ ብዛዕባ ሃናጺ ባህሊ ከስተምህርከ ባህሪኡ ይፈቕደሉ ድዩ። ስለዚ ቀንዲ ዕላማኡ ንፈስቲቫል ከም ጉልባብ ተጠቒምካ ጉጅላዊ ካዝናኻ ምህጣር እዩ።
ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰዲህኤ)፡ ብ20 ጥቅምቲ 2023 ብመሪሕነት ብጻይ ገረዝግሄር ተወልደ ኣቦመንበር ሰዲህኤ ህጹጽ ኣኼባ ኣካይዱ። ኣብዚ ዘካየዶ ኣኼባ ብዛዕባ ዝተፈላለዩ እዋናዊ ኤርትራውን ዞባውን ጉዳያት ዝምልከቱ ሓበሬታታት ተለዋዊጡ፡ ኣብ ኣገደስቲ ዛዕባታት ድማ ዓሚቕ ገምጋማት ኣካይዱ። ኣብ መወዳእታ ከኣ ንፍሉያት ኣገደስቲ እዋናዊ ጉዳያትዝምልከት ውሳነታት ወሲኑ።
1) መደረ ዶ/ር ኣብይ ኣሕመድ ኣብ ጉዳይ ወደብ ዓሰብ
ኤርትራ ድሕሪ ናጽነታ እውን፡ ኣጀንዳ ኢትዮጵያውያን ፖለቲከኛታት ካብ ምዃን ዓዲ ኣይወዓለትን። ብመሪሕነት ኢህወድግ ዝተመስረተ መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ ኣብ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ዝወላወል መርገጽ ኣይነበሮን። ኣብ ስልጣን ዘይነበሩ ዝተፈላለዩ ጉጅለታትን ባእታታትን ግና “ኢትዮጵያ ኣፍደገ ባሕሪ ዘየብላ ኮይና” ብዝብል ምስምስ ናጽነትን ልኡላውነትን ኤርትራ ከመዘይተዋሕጠሎም ካብ ምግላጽ ዓዲ ኣይወዓሉን። ብ2018 ሰልፊ ብልጽግና ኢትዮጵያ ስልጣን ድሕሪ መሓዙ ከኣ “ኢትዮጵያ ዓባይ ሃገር ክነሳ ከመይ ኢላ ኣፍደገ ባሕሪ ዘየብላ ትኸውን” ብዝብል ሰበብ ንልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ዝፈታተኑ ሓያሎ ማሕበራዊ መራኸብታትን ፖለቲከኛታትን ክንቀሳቐሱ ጸኒሖም።
ኣብዚ ቀረባ መዓልታት ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ኢትዮጵያ ዶ/ር ኣብይ ኣሕመድ፡ ሓያሎ ዘይቀጥታዊ ፈተነታት ከካይድ ድሕሪ ምጽናሕ፡ ካብ 13 ጥቅምቲ 2023 ጀሚሩ ብወግዒ ቅድም ኣብ ኣኼባ ኣባላት ናይቲ ንኢትዮጵያ ዝመርሕ ዘሎ ሰልፊ ብልጽግና፡ ደሓር ድማ ኣብ ፓርላማ ኢትዮጵያ ከም ወግዓዊ ኣጀንዳ “ብሓይሊ ይኹን ብሰላም ወደብ ዓሰብ ክንውንን ኢና” ዝብል ሓሳብ ኣቕሪቡስ ርኢቶኡ በቲ ትካላዊ መድረኻ ተቐባልነት ምርካቡ ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ተመልኪቱ። መንግስታዊ መድያታት ኢትዮጵያ’ውን ኣቃሊሐነኦ። እዚ ሃቐነ ኣብ ልዕሊ’ቲ ኣብ ጽኑዕ ሕጋዊ ባይታ ዝተሰረተ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ዘምጸኦ ለውጢ’ኳ እንተዘይሃለወ ሓደገኛ ሳዕቤንን ምፍሳስ ደምን ከኸትል ከም ዝኽእል ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ተገንዚቡ።
ኣኼባ ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ፡ ድሕሪ’ቲ ዶ/ር ኣብይ ኣሕመድ ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ መድረኻት፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ከርእዮ ዝጸንሐ ድፍረት፡ ኣብዚ ቀረባ ዝሃቦ ወግዓዊ መግለጺ፡ ብዓሚቕ ምግንዛብ መሬታዊ፡ ማያውን ሰማያውን ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ብማንም ከምዘይድፈር ብምግንዛብ መራሒ ኢትዮጵያ ክሳብ ሕጂ ዝበሎ ግጉይ ምዃኑ ተኣሚኑ ንክመልሶን ድሕሪ ሕጂ ካብ ከምዚ ዝኣመሰለ ንክልቲኡ ህዝብታት ኣብ ሓደጋ ከውድቕ ዝኽእል ድፍረት ኣንጻር ልኡላውነት ኤርትራን ህዝባን ኢዱ ከየእቱ ብትሪ ኣፍሊጡ።
ኢትዮጵያ ኣፍደገ ባሕሪ ዘየብላ እንኮ ሃገር ኣይኮነትን። ካለኦት ከምኣ ዝኣመሰላ ሃገራት’ውን ኣለዋ። እንተኾነ ኣፍደገ ባሕሪ ስለ ዘድልየኒ ዘይናተይ ወደብ “ብዓመጽ ክወስድ እየ” እትበል ሃገር ኣይተራእየትን። እንተ ብደረጃ ተጠቃምነት ኣፍደገ ባሕሪ ኣብ ዝምልከት፡ ንልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ብዘይጻባእን ብዓለም ለኻዊ ውዕላት ብዝግዛእን ስምምዓት ክትጥቀም እሞ ክልቲኡ ህዝብታት ሓቢሩ ዝዓብየሉ ኩነታት ምፍጣር ከም ዝከኣል ርዱእ ምዃኑ ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ተገንዚቡ።
ምስዚ ብዝተተሓሓዘ ከምቲ “ውደን ከይሓምያስ ሰበይቲ ወደን ይሓምያ” ዝበሃል፡ ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ኣብዚ ጉዳይዚ ተሓታቲ ምዃኑ ኣኼባ ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ተገንዚቡ። ኢሳያስ ድሕሪ 2018 ኣብ ዝምድና ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ከሰጉሞ ዝጸንሐ፡ ውልቃዊ፡ ዘይግሉጽን ዘይትካላውን ዝምድና፣ ከምኡ’ውን ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ መድረኻት ኢትዮጵያውያን ዕሉል ደጋፊ ፖሊሲ “መደመር” ብምዃን፡ ንልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ኣብ ሓደጋ ዘእትዉ መብጸዓታት ክህብ ምጽንሑ፡ ነዚ ሎሚ ዝኽሰት ዘሎ ጠንቂ እዩ። ድሕሪ መግለጺ ዶር. ኣብዪ ኣሕመድ ዘውጽኦ መግለጺ እውን ሓፋርን ዘይንጹርን እዩ። ስለዚ ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ እቲ ኢሳያስ “ህዝብታት ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ክልተ ህዝብታት እዮም ዝብሉ ነቲ ሓቂ ዘይፈልጡ እዮም” ክብሎ ዝጸንሐ ብምግንዛብ፡ ነቲ ኢትዮጵያውያን ብስም ኤርትራ ክንቀሳቐሱ ክህቦ ዝጸንሐ ሓላፍነት ብምዝካርን፡ ኢትዮጵያውያን ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ዝደፍር ድምጽታት ንክስምዑ ከም ዘተባብዖም ብምስትብሃልን፡ ንዘይሓላፍነታውን ሃላልን ፖሊሲ ውልቀ መላኺ ኢሳያስ ኣውጊዙ።
ኣብ መወዳእታ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ብሰንኪ ጉጅለ ኢሳያስ ዝኸፈቶ ኣፍደገ ናብ ዘተሓሳስብ ኣንፈት የምርሕ ኣብ ዘለወሉ እዋን፡ ሓድነት ሓይልታት ለውጢ ኤርትራ ወሳኒ ምዃኑ ብምምዛን ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ናይ ሓቢርና ንቃለስ መጸዋዕታ ኣቕሪቡ።
2) ኣብ መንጎ ፍልስጤምን እስራኤልን ዝካየድ ዘሎ ውግእ
ኣብ መንጎ ፍልስጤማውያንን እስራኤልን ካብ 7 ጥቅምቲ 2023 ጀሚሩ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ደማዊ ውግእ ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ካልእ ብትኹረት ዝመዘኖ እዋናዊ ዛዕባ ነይሩ። ኣኼባ ኣብ ልዕሊ ንጹሃት ዝወርድ ዘሎ ህልቂትን ዕንወት ትሕተ-ቅርጻን ኣዝዩ ከም ዘሕዝን ገምጊሙ። ካብዚ ቀጻሊ ዘሎ ህልቂት ንምውጻእ እቲ መፍትሒ ውግእ ከምዘይኮነ ብምእማን ድማ፡ ኣብቲ ውግእ ተጸሚዶም ዘለው ኣካላት ነቲ ብመሰረት ውሳኔታት ባይቶ ሕቡራት ሃገራት፡ ፍልስጤምን እስራኤልን ክልተ ነብሰን ዝኸኣላ ሃገራት ክኾና፡ ካልኦት ዝተፈላለዩ ኣህጉራዊ ውዕላትን ከኣ ከኽበሩ፡ ባይቶ ውድብ ሕቡራት ሃገራትን ቤት ምኽሪ ጸጥታን ተጽዕንኦም ከሐይሉ ኣኼባ ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ጸዊዑ።
ኣብ ርእሲዚ፡ እስራኤል ኣብ ልዕሊ ተራ ዜጋታት ፍልስጢማያን ተውርዶ ዘላ ቀጻሊ ደብዳብ ጠጠው ከተብል፣ ኣንቢራቶ ዘላ ዕጽዋ ክኽፈት፣ ናብ ፍልስጤማውያን ረዲአትን ዝተፈላለዩ ሰብኣዊ ጠለባትን ዝኣትወሉ መስመራት ነጻ ክኸውን፣ ኩሎም ዝምልከቶም ኣካላት ተጽዕኖ ከሕድሩ ኣኼባ ጸዊዑ።
21 ጥቅምቲ 2023
ብዕለት 20.10.2023 ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ህጹጽ ኣኼባ ኣካይዱ። ኣኼባ ብኦቦ መንበር ሰልፊ ሓው ገረዝግሄር ተወልደ ዝተመርሔ ኮይኑ፣ ኣብ መኽፈቲ ቃል ናይቲ ኣኼባ ንኹሎም ኣብቲ ኣኼባ ዝተሳተፉ ኣሓትን ኣሕዋትን ብምምስጋን ሰናይ ትምኒቱ ብምግላጽ እዩ ጀሚሩ።
ዕላማ ናይቲ ኣኼባ ኣብ እዋናው ዛዕባታት ዘትኮረ ኮይኑ፡ ብቀንዱ ንላኣላውነት ኤርትራ ዝፈታተን ዘሎ መግለጺ ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ኢትዮጵያ ኣብዪ ኣሕመድን፡ ኣብ ማእከላይ ምብራቕ ብሓድሽ ተጀሚሩ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ውግእን ዘጠቓለለ እዩ ነይሩ።
ድሕሪ 1993 ዓ.ም. ኤርትራ ልኡላዊት ሃገር ምዃና ዘይተዋሕጠሎም ኢትዮጵያውያን ጉዳይ ዋንነት ኣፍደገ ባሕርን ወደብ ዓሰብን ብዝምልከት ካብ ነዊሕ ኣዋን ጀሚሮም ከልዕልዎ ዝጸንሑ’ኳ እንተኮኑ፣ እቲ 2018 ናብ ስልጣን ዝመጸን ንብይን ዶብ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ብዘይዝኾነ ይኹን ኩነት ንምትግባሩ ቃል ዝኣተወን ኣብዪ ኣሕመድ፡ ሎሚ ተመሊሱ ኣብ ፓርላማ ብምስምስ ዘይሓቀኛ ታሪኽን ብዝሒ ህዝብን ናይ ይግባኣና እዩ ሕቶ ምልዓሉን፡ ናብ ዘይውዳእ ምድማይ ዘእቱ ምዃኑ ኣኼባ ፈጻሚ ተገንዚቡ።
በዚ መሰረት፡ ሰዲህኤ ወደባት ኮነ ባሕሪ ኤርትራ ናብ ዋጋ ዕዳጋ ዘይወርድ ልኡላዊ ኤርትራ ምዃኑ ይኣምን፡ ነዚ ኣብ ዋጋ ዕዳጋ ዘእቱ ዝኾነ ይኹን ብኢሳያስ ዝተገብረ ውዑላት ኮነ ስምሞዓት ከይምዘይቕበል፡ ንተጠቃምነትን ሓባራዊ ዕብየትን ሃገራት ዝምልከት ግን፡ ብሃገራዊ፡ ዞባውን ኣህጉራዊ ሕግታትን ስምምዓትን ዝተማእከለ ውዑላት ክፍታሕ ከምዝኽእል ኣኼባ ርእዩ።
ኣኼባ ፈጻሚ ሽማግል፣ ኣብ ማእከላይ ምብራቕ ኣብ መንጎ ፍሊስጤማውያንን እስራኤልን ተጀሚሩ ዘሎ መወዳእትኡ ዘይፍለጥ፣ ንህዝቢ ዘህልቕን ዘመዛብልን ዘሎ ኲናት ታሪኻዊ መንቀሊ ዘለዎን ንልዕሊ 75 ዓመታት ዝቐጸለንኳ እንተኾነ ውግእ ደው ኢሉ ናብ ዘተን ልዝብን ክኣቱ፡ በቲ ናይ 1948 ኮነ ናይ 1967 ብይን ሕቡራት ሃገራት ክምእዘዙ ውድብ ሕቡራት ሃገራትን ቤት ምኽሪ ጸጥታን ግደኦም ከበርክቱ ጸዊዑ። (ነዚ ዝምልከት ምሉእ ትሕዝቶ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጺ ክስዕብ እዩ)