Questions by Lord Alton, Vice-Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group for Eritrea in the UK Parliament and responses from the British Government

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL12040):

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports of a mass killing on 15 December 2020 at the Mariam of Zion church in Aksum, Ethiopia. (HL12040)

Tabled on: 12 January 2021

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon:

We are shocked and saddened by further reports from Tigray of massacres of civilians, sexual violence, and attacks on humanitarian facilities and places of worship. An ongoing lack of access to the Tigray region for humanitarian agencies, means that it remains difficult to fully corroborate these reports, but we will continue to try to do so. We have however made clear our concerns with Ethiopian Ministers, and underlined the overriding need to protect civilians and adhere to international law and international human rights law. We continue to call for independent, international, investigations into allegations of human right abuses and violations, and that the perpetrators of those incidents that are proven are held to account, whoever they may be. The UK continues to call for sustained, free and unfettered humanitarian access across Tigray

Date and time of answer: 25 Jan 2021 at 12:17.   

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, has provided the following answer to your written parliamentary question (HL11957):

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what action they are taking to end the forced repatriation of refugees to Eritrea from refugee camps in Tigray; and what assessment they have made of (1) reports of armed attacks on those refugee camps; and (2) of the humanitarian needs of the refugees in those camps. (HL11957)

Tabled on: 11 January 2021

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon:

We are concerned at reports that Eritrean troops have entered Ethiopian refugee camps in Tigray and forced a number of refugees to return to Eritrea. Due to the lack of access to northern refugee camps in Tigray for humanitarian agencies, including the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), it has not yet been possible to fully corroborate these reports. We have however, raised our concerns with Ministers in both governments, making clear the overriding need to protect civilians and adhere to international law and international human rights law. We continue to call for independent, international, investigations into allegations of human right abuses and violations, and that the perpetrators of those incidents that are proven are held to account, whoever they may be.

The UK continues to call for sustained, free and unfettered humanitarian access across Tigray, so that the UNHCR can uphold its mandate towards refugees. It is the responsibility of the host state to ensure refugees are protected and are not subjected to forcible return.

Date and time of answer: 25 Jan 2021 at 12:18.


Eritrean soldiers went house-to-house seeking out and killing Tigrayan men and boys, some as young as 7, then didn't allow their burials."

Source: AP

Witnesses: Eritrean soldiers loot, kill in Ethiopia's Tigray

Huge unknowns remain in the deadly conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region

25 January 2021, 07:59

NAIROBI, Kenya -- The Eritrean soldiers' pockets clinked with stolen jewelry. Warily, Zenebu watched them try on dresses and other clothing looted from homes in a town in Ethiopia's embattled Tigray region.“They were focused on trying to take everything of value,” even diapers, said Zenebu, who arrived home in Colorado this month after weeks trapped in Tigray, where she had gone to visit her mother. On the road, she said, trucks were full of boxes addressed to places in Eritrea for the looted goods to be delivered.

Heartbreakingly worse, she said, Eritrean soldiers went house-to-house seeking out and killing Tigrayan men and boys, some as young as 7, then didn't allow their burials. “They would kill you for trying, or even crying,” Zenebu told The Associated Press, using only her first name because relatives remain in Tigray.

Huge unknowns persist in the deadly conflict, but details of the involvement of neighboring Eritrea, one of the world’s most secretive countries, are emerging with witness accounts by survivors and others. Estimated in the thousands, the Eritrean soldiers have fought on the side of Ethiopian forces. They are accused of targeting thousands of vulnerable refugees from their own country, raping and intimidating locals — and now, some worry, refusing to go home.

Eritrea and Ethiopia recently made peace under Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 for his efforts. But Eritrea remains an enemy of the Tigray leaders who dominated Ethiopia’s government for nearly 30 years and are now fugitives since fighting began between Ethiopian and Tigray forces in November, the result of growing tensions over power.

Ethiopia’s government denies the Eritreans are in Tigray, a stance contradicted by an Ethiopian military commander who confirmed their presence last month. The U.S. has called Eritrea's involvement a “grave development," citing credible reports. Eritrean officials don't respond to questions.

Despite the denials, the Eritrean soldiers aren't hiding. They have even attended meetings in which humanitarian workers negotiated access with Ethiopian authorities.

Now millions of Tigray residents, still largely cut off from the world, live in fear of the soldiers, who inspire memories of the countries' two-decade border war. The recent peace revived cultural and family ties with Tigray, but Eritrea soon closed border crossings.

“If Eritrea refuses to leave, the U.N. should give us protection before we perish as a people,” a former Ethiopian defense minister, Seye Abraha, said in comments posted Sunday by a Tigray media outlet.

A spokeswoman for Ethiopia's prime minister, Billene Seyoum, did not respond to a request to discuss the Eritrean forces.

With almost all journalists blocked from Tigray and humanitarian access and communications links limited, witness accounts give the clearest picture yet of the Eritreans’ presence.

They were first reported in northwestern Tigray, which saw some of the earliest fighting. The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission cites residents of the border town of Humera as saying the Eritreans participated in widespread looting that “emptied food and grain storages.” That has contributed to growing hunger among survivors.

The account by Zenebu, a 48-year-old health care worker, is one of the most detailed to emerge — and it came from central Tigray, an area little heard from so far.

She first saw the Eritrean soldiers in mid-December. She had fled with others into the mountains as fighting approached, leaving her mother, too frail for the journey, behind. Twelve days later she returned to the town of Hawzen, needing to know whether her mother had survived.

In the darkness, she said, she stumbled over bodies, including around 70 she later realized she knew as they were identified. The ground was strewn with beer bottles, cigarettes and other trash, and “I couldn’t tell the difference between human and animal bodies.” The stench of death was strong.

A neighborhood boy, just 12, had been recruited by soldiers to do errands and then killed.

“I saw his body,” Zenebu said. “They just, like, threw him away.”

Her mother had survived, her home stripped of possessions.

People had been killed for having photos of Tigray leaders, even long-ago ones, Zenebu said, and the photos were set on fire. While she said some atrocities were carried out by Ethiopian forces and allied fighters from the neighboring Amhara region, she recognized the Eritreans by markings on their cheeks and their dialect of the Tigrinya language.

“I was more heartbroken and surprised to see the Eritreans doing that because I felt a connection, speaking the same language,” Zenebu said. “I felt we shared more of the same struggle,” while others “don’t know us like the Eritreans do.”

Residents tried to survive as food supplies dwindled. Electricity for grinding grains was gone, and medical supplies ran out. “People are starving to death,” Zenebu said.

It was worse, she said, than in the 1980s, when famine and conflict swept through Tigray and images of starving people in Ethiopia brought global alarm and she fled to Sudan.

Then, “there wasn’t house-to-house looting of civilians, weaponizing hunger, the merciless killing," she said. "It’s worse than before.”

Zenubu eventually managed to leave Hawzen and reach the Tigray capital, Mekele, after pretending she was a resident and blending in with others traveling there. She called her family in the U.S., crying hysterically.

“I just wanted to say I was alive,” she said. Now she is unable to reach her mother.

Her account, like many, cannot be verified until communication links with Tigray are fully restored — and even then, people in Ethiopia worry that phone calls are monitored.

But another person who escaped Hawzen and arrived in the U.S. this month told the AP that Eritrean soldiers were “everywhere” and confirmed their killing and looting. He also identified them by their dialect.

“Same blood, same language,” he said, noting the close ties with Tigrayans. “I don't know why they killed.” He spoke on condition of anonymity out of fear for his relatives.

“We are investigating credible reports of a whole range of abuses by the Eritrean forces in central Tigray, including extrajudicial executions of civilians, widespread looting and damage of public and private property, including hospitals,” Human Rights Watch researcher Laetitia Bader said, urging “immediate international scrutiny” and a U.N.-led investigation.

Other accounts come from the nearly 60,000 refugees who fled to Sudan.

“My five brothers and mother are in Axum” near the Eritrean border, a doctor among the refugees, Tewodros Tefera, told the AP. “People from Axum said Eritrean forces killed many young men.”

“I don’t know if my brothers are alive,” he said of his brothers, who are 25 to 35. His phone calls don't go through.

A woman now in the U.S. after managing to leave Axum, who gave only her first name, Woinshet, wept as she told the AP she believes she survived because she showed Eritrean soldiers her U.S. passport instead of a local ID.

“There's no (military) camp in Axum, just monasteries,” she said, recalling bodies left in the streets. “Why are they there?”

Other survivors have fled the Eritrean soldiers to remote areas in Tigray and called to say they have been living for weeks on leaves and dried fruit.

"I don’t know how people are staying alive,” Tewodros said.

ርእሰ-ዓንቀጽ ሰዲህኤ

ናብቲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘካየዶን ዘካይዶ ዘሎን ቃልሲ ኮነ ናብ ካልእ ውሳነ ዘድልዮ ዋኒን ክትነቅል እንከለኻ እቲ ቀንዲ መበገሲ ምኽንያት እቲ ኣብ ኢድካ ዘሎ ሓቂ እዩ። ግን ድማ ከምቲ “መለበምን ኣይግበርካ፡ መለበምንከ ኣይኽላእካ” ዝበሃል፡ ነቲ ኣብ ኢድካ ዘሎ ዓቕምን ምኽንያትን ዘህብትም ሓጋዚ ተመኩሮ ምድህሳስ እውን የድልየካ እዩ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ምእንቲ ናጽነቱ ናብ ቃልሲ ክወፍር ክውስን ዘገደዶ እቲ ኣብ ልዕሊኡ ዝወርድ ዝነበረ ግዳማዊ መግዛእታዊ ወጽዓ እዩ። ቃልሱ ከሕይል ከኣ ኣብቲ ግዜቲ ዝካየድ ዝነበረ ናይ ርሑቕን ቀረባን  ሃገራዊ ሓርነታዊ ምንቅስቓሳት ከም መወከሲ ሓጊዝዎ እዩ።

ናይዚ ድሕሪ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ ቀንዲ ምኽንያትን መንቀሊኡን እቲ ብጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝብናን ሃገርናን ዝወርድ ዘሎ ወጽዓን ጥልመትን እዩ። ኣብዚ ሕገመንግስታዊት፡ ብዙሕነታዊትን ዲሞክራስያዊትን ኤርትራ ኣብ ድልዱል ባይታ ንምምስራታ ነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ መንቀሊ ምኽንያቱን መዕወቲ ዓቕሙን ናትና እዩ። በዚ ነካይዶ ዘለና ናይ ቃልሲ መስርሕ ሓሊፎም ናይ ዝተዓወቱ ወገናት ተመኩሮ ምቕሳም እውን ኣገዳሲ እዩ። ናይዚ ነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ ቀንዲ ናይ ዓወት ሞተር ከኣ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ እዩ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ናብቲ ዝጽበዮ ዘሎ ዘይተርፍ ዓወት ንክበጽሕ ናትና ብዝመስል  ናይ ካለኦት ህዝብታት ተመኩሮታት ክተባባዕ፡ ድፍረት ከሕድርን ኣብ ልዕሊ ወጻዕቱ ዘይምሕር ኢዱ ክስንዝርን ኣገዳስነቱ ዕዙዝ እዩ። ካላኦት ህዝብታት ዝኸድዎ መንግዲ ዓወት ምድህሳስ ከኣ ኣገዳሲ እዩ። ኣብ መስርሕ ቃልሲ ህዝባዊ ሓያልነትን ወሳንነትን መተካእታ የብሉን። በዚ ህዝባዊ ሓያልነት ዝተመዝገቡ ዓወታት ከኣ ኣብ ብዙሕ ኩርነዓት ንረክብ። ካብቶም ብብዙሕ መልክዓቶምን ቅርበቶምን ምስ ኤርትራዊ ኩነታትና ዝመሳሰሉኳ፡ ናይ ህዝብታት፡ ቱኒዝያ፡ ግብጽን ሱዳንን ከም ናይ ቀረባ ግዜ ተመኩሮ ምውሳድ ይከኣል።

ካብዞም ዝጠቐስናዮም ህዝባዊ ሓያልነት ለውጢ ጐሊሑ ዝተራእየሎም ተመኩሮታት ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ክመሃር ይግባእ።  ብሓፈሻ መንእሰይ ኤርትራ ብፍላይ ከኣ ሓይልታት ምክልኻል ኤርትራ ኣብ መንጐ ህዝብን  ዘይሕጋዊ ጉጅለ ህግደፍን ወጽዓ ሳዕሪሩ ናብ ለውጢ ዝእምት ወጥሪ ክፍጠር እንከሎ፡ ኣብ ጐኒ ህዝብኻ ምስላፍ ክሳብ ክንደይ ክብርን መጐስን ዘጐናጽፍ ታሪኻዊ ሓላፍነት ምዃኑ ክምኮር ይግበኦ። ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታትናን ውድባትናን፡ ከምኡ እውን ህዝባዊ ምልዕዓላትን ማሕበራትን ነቲ ዝፍጠር ለውጢ ብህዱእ ኣገባብ ብኸመይ ናብ ረብሓ ህዝቢ ምውዓል ከም ዝከኣል ዝመሃረኦ ኣለወን። ኣብ ወጻኢ ዝነብር ኤርትራዊ ቅድም ኣብ ቃልሲ ኣንጻር ወጽዓ፡ ደሓር ከኣ ነቲ ብናይ ሓባር ቃልሲ ዝመጽእ ዓወት ድሕሪት ከምዘይምለስ ኣብ ምግባሩ ግደኡ ክፈልጥን ከበርክትን ካብ ተመኩሮ ናይዘን ዝጠቐስናየን ሃገራት ክመሃር ይግበኦ።

ኣብዚ ቀረባ መዓልታት ኣብ ኤርትራ ወተሃደራዊ ታዕሊም ክከታተሉ ዝጸንሑ መንእሰያት ሶማል መቃድሾ ኣብቲ ኣብ ትግራይ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ውግእ ከም ዝተሳተፉን ከቢድ ማህሰይቲ ከም ዘጋጠሞምን ብዝተፈላለዩ ማዕከናት ዜና ክዝረበሉን ክጸሓፈሉን ቀንዩ። ካብ ባህሪ ህግዲፍ እንተነቒልና ኣይግበሮንኳ ዘይበሃል እንተኾነ፡ ክጻረ ዝግበኦ ምዃኑ ግና ውሁብ እዩ። እቲ ቀንዲ ቁምነገር፡ ነዚ ዘሰንብድ ወረ ብሶማላውያን ዝወሃቦ ዘሎ ግብረ-መልሲ እዩ። ዝተፈላለዩ ሕብረተ-ሰብ ሶማል መንግስቶም ብዛዕባዚ ጉዳይ መብርሂ ንክህብ ብጐረርኡ ሓኒቖም ሒዘምዎ ኣለዉ። ብዓብይኡ ከኣ ኣዴታት ሶማል ኣብ መቃድሾን ካለኦት ከተማታት እታ ሃገርን “ደቅና ሰልጢኖም ሃገሮም ክሕልዉ እምበር ምስ ወተሃደራት ኤርትራ ኮይኖም ኣብዘይጉዳዮም ኣብ ውግእ ትግራይ ኣትዮም ንክሃልቁ ኣይኮናን መሪቕና ኣፋኒናዮም” ብዝብል ብዘይስግኣት ይሓታ ኣለዋ። ከምዚ ምግባረን ህይወት ናይቶም ኣብ ትግራይ ሃሊቖም ዝበሃሉ ዘለዉ ደቀንኳ እንተዘይመለሰ ብውሕዱ እቲ መንግስቲ ንብድሪሕጂ ከምዚ ዓይነት ህዝቢ ዘስተናዕቕ ውዲታዊ ስጉምቲ ከይወስድ ዘጠንቅቕን ዝተረፉ ደቀን ናብ ዓዶም ክምለሱ ጸቕጢ ዝፈጥርን   እዩ።

ኤርትራውያን መንእሰያት ቅድሚ ሕጂ፡ ብዘይካ ንናይ ኢሳያስ ዝናን ሕነ ናይ ምፍዳይ ህርፋን ምርዋይን ንኤርትራን ህዝባን ኣብ ዘይምልከቶምን ዘየርበሖምን ናይ ግዳም ውግኣት ክጥበሱ ጸኒሖም እዮም። ሎሚ ድማ እነሆ ኣሉ ብዘይበሃለሉ ሓቂ፡ ኣብ ጐኒ ሰራዊት ኢትዮጵያ ተሰሊፎም ኣብ ትግራይ ይካየድ ኣብ ዘሎ ውግእ  ኣትዮም ይዋግኡን የዋግኡን ኣለዉ። ኣብዚ ሃገርናን ህዝብናን ዘይርብሕሉ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ዘይወጽእ ጽልእን ቅርሕንትን ዘስዕብ ውግእ ይሳተፍ ምህላዉ  ብኹሉ መለክዕታት ገበን’ዩ ኢልካ ዝሕለፍ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ንመጻኢ ወለዶ’ውን ዕዳ  ሃገር ይውስኽ ምህላዉ ክፍለጥ ይግባእ።

ሓይልታት ምክልኻል ኤርትራ ኣብዚ ውግእዚ ብምስታፉን ብዝስዕቦ ጉድኣትን ብዙሓት ኣደታት ክሓዝናን ብዙሓት ቆልዑት ክዝኽትሙን ምዃኖም ርዱእ እዩ። ድሮኳ ኣብ ትግራይ ኣብ ዝተኻየደ ውግእ ኣስማት እንዳጸራሕካ፡ ክንድዚ ተሰዊኦም፡ ተወጊኦምን ተማሪኾምን  ዝብል ወረ ኣብ ኤርትራዊ መድረኻት ልሙድ ኮይኑ ኣሎ። ስለዚ እተን ቅድም ደቀን ኣብ ሃገሮም  ህዝባዊ ሕድሮም ንምዕዋት ስለ ዝተሰውኡ፡ ሞቶም ሰሚዐን ክነሰን መሪር ሓዘነን ውሒጠን ጸጉሪ ርእሰን ደርሚመን ገጥ ዝበላ  ኤርትራውያን ኣደታት፡ ሕጂ ኣብ ትግራይ ኣብ ዘይጉዳዮም ኣትዮም ደቀን ክመቱ እንከለዉ ከምዘየጽቅጣ ርዱእ እዩ።  ኣብ ርእስቲ ከም ወለዲ ዝስመዐን ሓዘን፡ ቁጠዐ ኣደታት ሶማልያ እውን ተወሲኽዎ፡ ”ስለምንታይ ደቅና  ኣብዘይጉዳዮም ኣትዮም ንሳቶም ይሃልቁ፡ ስድራኦም ንሓዝንን ደቆም ይዝኽትሙን?” ዝብል ድምጸን ከስምዓ እዋኑ እዩ። እዚ ነዴታት ጥራይ ዝተርፍ ዘይኮነ፡ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ እውን መድሕን ህዝቡ ምዃኑ ተገንዚቡ “እምቢ ንውግእ ኣብ ዘይጉዳይካን ኢድ ኣእታውነትን” ክብል፣ መላእ ህዝቢ እውን ስግኣትን ዘይሓላፍነታዊ ዕጽዋን ጉጅለ ህግደፍን ሰይሩ፡ ንድሕነቱን ድሕነት ደቁን ክለዓል ይግበኦ።

Martyr Ghirmay Haile 1123333333

ተጋዳላይ ግርማይ ሃይለ ብ1957 ዓ.ም  ኣብ ዓዱ፣ ዓዲ በያን ተወሊዱ። ግርማይ በቲ ኣብ 1975 ኣብ ከተማታትን ገጠራትን መላእ ኤርትራ  ዝተጓሃሃረ ሃገራዊ ቃልሲ ብዝሓደሮ ፍቕሪ ሃገርን ናይ ቃልሲ ወንን ተደሪኹ ኣብቲ ዓመት እዩ ናብ መሳርዕ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ዝተሰለፈ። ግርማይ ሃይለ ድሕሪ መባእታዊ ወታሃደራዊ ትምህርቲ ምጥንቓቁ፣ ናብቲ ኣብ ደንከል ዝነበረ ተዋጋኢ ሓይሊ ናይ ተሓኤ ተመዲቡ፣ ብትብዓትን ተወፋይነት ቃልሳዊ ግዲኦም ካብ ዘበርከቱ ተጋደልቲ ሓደ እዩ።

ግርማይ፣ ኣብታ ወዲ ቀሺ ዝመርሓ ዝነበረ ሓይሊ መድፋዓጂ ኣርበጂ ኮይኑ፣ ኣብ ሓያሎይ  ኣንጻር መግዛእታዊ ሰራዊት ኢትዮጵያ ዝተኻየዱ ውግኣት ተረባሪቡ፣ መርኣያ ተወፋይነቱን ትብዓቱን’ውን ኣካሎም ካብዝኸፈሉ ጀጋኑ ነይሩ። ንዘጋጠሞ መውጋእትን ስቓይን ስዒሩ፣ ኣብቲ ብተጋዳላይ ዓብድላ ሓሰን ዝምራሕ ዝነበረ በርጌድ 64 ተመዲቡ፣ ፖለቲካዊ ትምህርቲ ድሕሪ ምውሳድ ብደረጃ ካድር ኣብ ፖለቲካዊ ናይ ምንቅቃሕ መደብ ኣብ ምብርካት እንከሎ፣ ንጀብሃ ብዘጋጥመ ውዲታዊ መጥቃዕትን ውድቀትን ኣብ ዶባት ሱዳን ምስኣተወት’ውን ቃልሱ ብዘይምቁራጽ ምስቲ ንተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ንምሕዳስን ንምቕጻልን ዝወገነ ሸነኽ ኮይኑ ዘይሕለል ቃልሲ ዘካየደ ጽኑዕ ኣባል እዩ።

ግርማይ፣ ድሕሪ ፍሽለት ናይ’ቲ ኣብ መንጎ ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ ሰውራዊ ባይቶን ህዝባዊ ሓይልታት ሓርነት ኤርትራን  ዝተኻየደ ስምምዕ ናይ 1983፡ ፖለቲካዊ ካድርን ወኪል ውድብ ተሓኤ ሰውራዊ ባይቶን ኮይኑ ኣብ ፖርት ሱዳን ተመዲቡ። ካብዚ ከይወጸ ተሓኤ ሰውራዊ ባይቶ ናብ ሰልፊ ተሰጋጊሩ፡ ምስተሰጋገረን ጸኒሑውን፣  ቅድም ሰልፊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡ ቀጺሉ ኣብ 2010 ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ምስቆመ’ውን፣ ንዝኮነ ይኹን ናይ ቃልሲ መሰናኽላትን ምድንጋራትን ብትብዓትን ብህድኣትን ሰጊሩ፡  ወኪል ሰልፊ ኮይኑ ሰልፋውን ሃገራውን ግቡኡ ፈጺሙ። ኣብ ከምዚ ዝኣመስለ ናይ ቃልሲ ኲነታት እንከሎ ብጽኑዕ ሓሚሙ፣ ቅድም ኣብ ግብጺ ካይሮ ሆስፒታል ክልተ ግዜ ናይ ርእሲ መጥባሕቲ ኣካይዱ፣ ብጻዕሪ በኹሪ ወዱን ተሓባበርቱ ሽወደናውያንን ናብቲ ሃገር ክኣቱ ዕድል ረኺቡ፣ ኣብ ተኸታታሊ ሕክምናዊ ክንክንን መጥባሕትን  ንሞት ክስዕራ ድሕሪ ምጽናሑ፡ ንዕለት 19 ጥሪ 2021 ግን እተን ኣብ በረኻታት ኤርትራ ዝጎያ ዝነበራ ማሓውሩ ክሰግራኣ ስለዘይካኣላ ኣብ ሽወደን ኣብ  ሕቁፊ በዓልቲ ቤቱን ደቁን ካብዛ ዓለም ብመስዋእቲ ተፈልዩ።

ተጋዳላይ ግርማይ፡ ኣቦ ሓሙሽተ ቆልዑ ኮይኑ፣ ብስድራን ናብራን ከይተሰናኸለ፡ ኩሉ’ቲ ውድብ ተሓኤ ሰውራዊ ባይቶን ሰልፍን ዝሓለፎ  ጽንኩር መድረኻት ካብ ናይ ቃልሲ ብጾቱ ከይተፈልየ፣ ህዝባዊ ጉዳያት ብምቕዳም ብዘይምሕላል ዝመከተ መስተውዓልን ጽኑዕን ናይ ቃልሲ ብጻይ እዩ ነይሩ። ስዉእ ግርማይ ሃይለ  26 ጥሪ 2021 ኣብ ሽወደን ሓመድ ኣዳም ክለብስ እዩ።

በዚ ኣጋጣሚ ንስድርኡን መላእ ቤተ ሰቡን ናይ ቃልሲ ብጾትን ጽንዓትን ጽሮትን ይሃብ። ንብመስዋእቲ ዝተፈልየ ብጻይ ድማ መንግስተ ሰማያት የዋርሶ እንዳበልና ተኻፈልቲ መሪር ሓዘኖም  ምዃና ንገልጽ።

ቤት ጽሕፈት ዜና ሰዲህኤ

Saturday, 23 January 2021 19:40

Radio Dimtsi Harnnet Sweden 23.01.2021

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ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዞባ ሰሜን ኣመሪካ፤ “ንኹሉ ጽንኩር መድረኻት ብውሽጣዊ ሓድነትን ተወፋይነትን ክንስዕሮ ኢና፡ ኣብ ትሕቲ ዝብል ጭርሖ፣ ብ16 ጥሪ 2021 ዘካየዶ ጉባኤኡ ብዓወት ዛዚሙ። ዞባዊ ጉባኤ ብኣሰናዳኢት ሽማግለ ንዝተሰርዑ፡ ንሰልፍና፣ ንሃገርናን ዞባ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃን ዝምልከቱ እዋናውያን ኣጀንዳታት፡ ብዕቱብ ድሕሪ ምምይያጥ እዞም ዝስዕቡ ውሳኔታትን ለበዋታትን መዝጊቡ።

  • ኣባልነት ሰልፍና ከነስፍሕ ምጽዓር፤ ብፍላይ መንእሰያት ደቀንስትዮን ደቂ ተባዕትዮን ተሳትፎኦም ከዕዝዙ ንጡፍ ጎስጓስ ምክያድ። ብዘይውደባ ዓወት ስለዘይርከብ፣ ህዝብና ተወዲቡ ቃልሱ ብምሕናን፣ ዕምሪ ምልካዊ ስርዓት ከሕጽርን ናብ ፍትሓውን ዲሞክራስያውን ስርዓት ክሰጋገርን ጸዊዑ።
  • ቁጠባዊ ዓቕሚ ሰልፊ ንምዕዛዝ፡ ካብ ህዝብናን ኣዕሩኽ ፈተውቲ ሃገርናን ሓገዝ ንምርካብ ብዕቱብ ክንነጥፍ፡ ከምኡ’ውን ዝተጸንዐ ወፍሪ ርእሰማል ንምክያድ ኣፍልጦን ክእለትን ዘለዎም ኣባላት ክድህስሱን ከበግሱን ምምዳብ።
  • ዜናውን ፕሮፖጋንዳውን መደባት ሰልፍና ዘመናዊ መራኸቢ ብዙሃን ተጠቒሙ ዕዙዝ ምንቕቓሕን ሓበሬታን ከካይድ ከምዘለዎ ድሕሪ ምንጻር፤ ኵሎም ኣባላት ሰልፊ ክነጥፉሉ ዘለዎም ዕማም ምዃኑ’ ኣስሚሩሉ። ነዚ መሰረት ብምግባር ብደረጃ ጨናፍርን ኣባላትን ክሳለጡ ዘለዎም መዳባት ሰሪዑ።
  • ኣብ ኵሉ ዓንኬላት ኣህጉራዊ ትካላት፡ ዲፕሎማስያዊ ንጥፈታትና ንምብራኽን፡ ኣብ መራኸቢ ብዙሃን ብጽሑፍን ብቃለ መሓትትን ዕላማ ቃልስና ንምቅላሕን መሪሕነትናን መሰረታትናን ብዕቱብ ክንሰርሓሉ ዘኽእል ሓጋዚ መደባት ሰሪዑ። ሰልፍና ምስ ኣብ ከባቢ ሃገርና ዝርከቡ ደሞክራስያውያንን ፍትሓውያንን ሓይልታት ንዞናዊ ሰላምን ርግኣትን፤ ንሓባራዊ ረብሓን ዝምድናታቱ ከደልድል ለበዋታቱ ኣመሓሊልፉ። ብደረጃ ሰሜን ኣመሪካ ድማ ምስ መንግስታዊ ኣካላትን መኽሰብ-ኣልቦ ማሕበራትን ዝምድናና ከነደልድል ጻዕርታቱ ከዛይድ ወሲኑ።
  • ኣብ ሃገርናን ከባቢናን ተኸሲቱ ዘሎ ዘይርጉእ ኵነታት፣ ኣብ ልዕሊ ሃገርናን ህዝብናን ከቢድ ሓደጋ ዘንጸላሉ ምዃኑ ብምግንዛብ፡ ጉባኤ ብማእከላይ ባይቶ ንዝጸደቐ ፖሊሲ ሰልፊ ብምኽታል፡ ነቲ ብሽርክነት ውልቀ መላኺ ኢሳያስን ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ዶር. ኣብዪን፡ ዝተባርዐ ወግእን፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ትግራይ ዝሰዓበ ህልቀትን ምዝንባልን ንዅንን። ዝካየድ ዘሎ ወራር ዘስዕቦ ዕንወትን ክሳራን ስለዝዀነ ደው ክብል ይጠልብ። ጉዳያት ድማ ኣብ ጣውላ ብልዝብ ክፍታሕ ይጽውዕ።
  • ውልቀ- መላኺ ኢሳያስ ንህዝብና ኣብ ዘይምልከቶ ውግእ ኣእትዩ ግዳይ ስቓይን ሞትን ጌሩዎ ስለ ዘሎ፤ ብዘይ ውዓል ሕደር ደው ከብሎን ካብ ኣትዩዎ ዘሎ ስግረ-ዶብ ቦታታት ክወጽእን ምስ ደለይቲ ፍትሒ ብምትሕብባር ተቓውሞና ከነሐይል ጸዊዑ።
  • ኣብ ክልል ትግራይ፣ ኣብ ትሕቲ ዑቕባ ኣህጉራዊ ሰብኣዊ ትካል ዝነብሩ ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት፡ ኣብ ልዕሊኦም ዝፍጸም ዘሎ ግፍዕታት ደው ክብልን ድሕነቶምን ሰብኣዊ ናይ ስደተኛ ሕጋዊ መሰሎምን ክሕሎን፣ ብዝምልከቶም ኣህጉራዊ ሰብኣዊን መንግስታውን ትካላት ክኽበር ጸዊዑ።
  • ብደረጃ ዞባ ሰሜን ኣመሪካ፡ ምስ ኣብ ድያስፖራ ዝንቀሳቐሱ ኤርትራውያን ፖሊቲካዊ ሓይልታትን ሲቪካዊ ምንቅስቓሳትን፣ ብቐንዱ ምስ ምንቅስቓስ ይኣክል ምሕዝነትን ጥቡቕ ምትሕግጋዝን ብምዝውታር፣ ዕምሪ ምልካዊ ስርዓት ንምሕጻር፣ ሓባራዊ ኣድማዒ ቃልሲ ከነዛይድ ጉባኤ ኣስሚሩሉ።
  • ጸዋዒት ዞባዊ ጉባኤ ንሓይልታት ምክልኻል ኤርትራ፤

ምእንቲ ናጽነትን ምውሓስ ልዑላውነትን በብእዋኑ ዘካየድካዮ ውግኣት ከቢድ ዋጋ ዝኸፈልካሉን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝፈልጦን ታሪኽ ዝሰነዶን ናይ ትማሊ ተዘክሮ እዩ። ቅድሚ ሕጂ ኢሳያስ ዕድመ ስልጣኑ ከናውሕ ብሰንኪ ዝኣጐዶ ውግኣት ዝኸፈልካዮ ዋጋን ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዕሸላት ደቁ ኣብዘይርድኦምን ዘይረብሕሉን ውግኣት ተጠቢሶም ዝሃለቑሉን ዝሰንከልሉን፣ ዘስዓቦ ሓዘንን ክሳራን ኣዝዩ ከቢድ እዩ። ሎሚ’ውን  ውልቀ መላኺ ኢሳያስ ኣብ ጉዳይ ኢትዮጵያ ጣልቃ ኣትዩ ኣብ ውሽጢ ክልል ትግራይ ብኣሽሓት ዝቝጸሩ ሰራዊት ምክልኻል ኤርትራ ኣዋፊሩ ዘካይዶ ዘሎ ዕንወትን ክሳራን፤ “ኣይኣተኹን” እናበለ ክኽሕድ’ኳ እንተፈተነ፡ “ንጉዳይ ኢትዮጵያ ኣእዳውና ኣጣሚርና ንርእዮ ኣይኮነን” ብምባል ዝኣንፈቶ ቅድመ-ኵነት፣ ብጋህዲ ዝፍጽሞ ዘሎ እዩ። ህዝቢ ዓለምን መንግስታቱን ዘረጋገጽዎ፣ ካብኡ ክወጽእ ዝጠልብዎ ዘለዉን ሓቂ እዩ። ኣብቲ ኣብ መንጎ ኢትዮጵያን ሱዳንን ዝተወልዐ ውግእ’ውን ኢዱ ከእቱ ይወጣወጥ ምህላዉ ምስጢር ኣይኰነን። ስለዚ ክቡር ሓይልታት ምክልኻል ኤርትራ፤ እትኣትዎ ዘለኻ ቀጻሊ ኵናት፤ ሳዕቤኑ ንዓኻ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ንህዝብና ስቓይ ንመጻኢ ወለዶ እውን ሕማቕ ውርሻ ስለ ዝኸውን ናብ ሓድሽ ዘይምልከተካ ኲናት ከይትጥበስ ዞባ ሰልፊ ደሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ካብ ዘካየዶ ጉባኤኡ ይምሕጸነካ። ኣብ ዘይምልከተና ጉዳይ ጣልቃ እንተ ኣቲኻ፤ ኤርትራ እውን ዓውዲ ውግእ ናይ ምዃና ዕድል ክፉት ምዃኑ ክዝንጋዕ የብሉን።

ናጽነትን ልዑላውነትን ሃገርና ንዘልኣለም ይንበር!!

ሰብኣውን ደሞክራስያውን መሰል ንውጹዕ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ!!

ክብርን ዝኽርን ንስዉኣት ሃገርና!!

ዞባዊ ጉባኤ ሰ.ደ.ህ.ኤ. ሰሜን ኣመሪካ

16 ጥሪ 2021

ተረኽቦታት ክንመዝንን ካብቲ ሚዛን መርገጽ ክንወስድን እንከለና ጉዳያትን ተረኽቦታትን ኢና ነወዳድር። ኣብ መስርሕ እቲ ምምዛን ኣብ ግጉይ መደምደምታ ምእንቲ ከይንወድቕ ከኣ ክንጥንቀቕን ንጉዳያት ብብዙሕ መልከዓት ክንርእን ይግበኣና። እቲ ኣብ ከምዚ ኩነታት ነዘውትሮ ጥንቃቐ ከኣ ሓደ ጫፍ ጥራይ ሒዝካ ብዘይምኻድ እዩ ዝግለጽ። ሓደ ጫፍ ጥራይ ሒዝና እንተከይድና ግና ሓደጋ ምኽታሉ ዘይተርፍ እዩ። ካብቲ ከጋጥም ዝኽእል ሓደጋ  ምስቲ እቲ ካልእ ጫፍ ሒዙ ዝጐትት ኣካል ናይ ሓባር ረብሓን ሸቶን እንዳሃለወካ ሓቢርካ ናይ ዘይምስራሕ ህልኽ ከስዕብ ይኽእል። ናይ ከምዚ ዓይነት ሓደጋ ጠንቂ ዝኸውን ካብ ናትካ ንዝተፈልየ ናይ ካለኦት ሓሳብ  ቦታ ብዘይህብ “እታ ሓቅን ቅንዕትን ምሳይ ጥራይ እያ ዘላ” ዝብል ጸቢብ ተረድኦ እዩ። እዚ ካብ ንኡስ ማሕበራዊ ርክባት ጀሚርካ ክሳብ ዓበይቲ ፖለቲካዊ ኣጀንዳታት ዘጋጥም ዘሎን ኣብ ተመኩርና ኣብ ብዙሕ መድረኻት ዝረኣናዮን ዋጋ ዝኸፈልናሉን እዩ።

ኣብቲ ጫፋት ምጉታት ከኸትል ዝኽእል ፍልልያት ዘስዕብ ምውድዳር፡ ናይ ቀደምን ናይ ሎምን፡ ዓብይን ንኡስን፡ ገዲምን ሓድሽን፡ ደቂ ኣንስትዮን ደቂ ተባዕትዮን፡ ሃይማኖታዊ እምነተይ እምነትካ፡ ቋንቋይን ቋንቋኻን፡ ከባብየይን ከባቢኻን፡ ተወጻዕን ወጻዕን……. ወዘተ፡ እንዳበልና ክንዝርዝር ንኽእል። ብዓብይኡ ከኣ ረብሓይዶ ረብሓኻ ዘንቅዶ ናይ ኣተሓሳስባ ውድድርን ምጉታትን ኣሎ። እዚ ምጉታት ኣብ ውሱን ኩርናዕ ዝድረት ዘይኮነ ሃገር ምስ ሃገር እውን ዝሕምስ ዘሎ እዩ። ኣብዞም ዝበልናዮም ውድድራት ከካብቲ ንጉዳያት እንመዝነሉ ኩርነዓት ዝነቅል፡ ሓላፍነታውያን እንተኮይና ክዕረቕ ዝኽእል፡ እንተ ጸቢብናን ሰሲዕናን ግና ናብ ዝበለሐ ጐንጽን ዕንወትን ዝወስድ  ፍልልይ ክፈጥር ይኽእል።  ናይዚ ኣብነት ንምርካብ ርሑቕ ከይከድና ናብ ህልዊ ኩነታት ዞባና ምቕላብ ጥራይ እኹል እዩ። ሃገርና ከኣ ናይዚ ዘሻቕል ተርእዮ ሞዴል እያ። እስኪ ሓደ ሰብ ብዛዕባ ኣብ ከምዚ ዝኣመሰለ ጉዳያት ዘድሊ ልቦናን ምስትብሃልን ከረድእ እንከሎ ዝለገሶ ምዕዶ ንጥቀስ። ሓንቲ ካብተን 0-9 ዘለዋ መቑጸርታት ኣብ ወረቐት ተጻሒፋ ነይራ። ነዛ ቁጽሪ እቲ ሓደ ሰብ ካብ ናይታ ተጻሒፉዋ ዝነበረ  ኣተሓሕዛኡ ነቒሉ እዚኣ “ቁጽሪ 6 እያ” ኢልዋ። እቲ ሓደ ከኣ ካብቲ ናቱ ፍሉይ ኣተሓሕዛ ናይታ ወረቐት ነቒሉ፡ የለን “የለን ቁጽሪ 9 እያ”  ኢልዋ። በዚ ክስሓሓቡ ዝተዓዘበ ሳልሳይ ኣካል ከኣ እቲ ፍልልይ ካብ ኣተሓሕዛ ናይታ ዝተጻሕፋ ወረቐት እዩ እምበር ክልቴኹም ቅኑዓት ኣለኹም በሎም። እታ ሓቂ ምስ ክልቲኦም እምበር ምስ ሓዲኦም ጥራይ ከም ዘይነበረት ኣረድኦም እሞ ካብ ምስሕሓብ ደሓኑ ይበሃል።

ኣብዚ ዘለናዮ እዋን ብፍላይ ከኣ ኣብ ከም ሃገርና ዝኣመሰላ ህዝብን መንግስትን ምውድዳር ዝተለመደ እዩ። ከምቲ ግቡእ ህዝቢ፡ ህዝቢ እዩ። መንግስቲ ከኣ ብፈቓድ ህዝቢ ዝድይብን ዝወርድን ካብ ህዝቢ ዝወጽእ ማዕረ ህዝቢ ናይ ምውድዳር መሰልን ደረጃን ዘየብሉ ትካል እዩ። እዚ ኣብ ንቡር ኩነታት ዝምድና ህዝብን መንግስትን ዝርአ እዩ። ኣብ ብዙሓት ብፍላይ ከምዚ ኣብ ሃገርና ዘሎ ኢደወነናዊ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ግና ካብ ህዝቢ ተፈልዮም፡ ጠጠው ዝብልሉ ሕገመንግስታዊ ባይታ ስለ ዘየብሎም፡ ዘይናቱ ክነሶም ምስቲ ህዝቢ ተላሒጎም “ሓደ ኢና” ክብሉ ይፍትኑ። “ንሓና ሃገር ንሕና ህዝቢ” ዝብል ናይ ህግዲፍ ናይ ሓሶት መዝሙር’ኳ ናይዚ መርኣያ እዩ። እዚ ኣበሃህላ ብመንጽር’ቲ  ኣብ መንጎ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ህግደፍ ዘሎ ዝምድና ፈጺሙ ግጉይ እዩ።

ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ኣብ ውግእ ትግራይ ኢዱ ኣእትዩ ራስያታት ይፍጽም ከም ዘሎ ብሰፊሑ ናይ ዝተፈላለዩ ማዕከናት ዜና መዛረቢ ኣጀንዳ ኮይኑ  ዘሎ እዩ። ብዙሓት ተጋሩ “ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ወሪሩና” ክብሉ ይስምዑ እዮም። ሓያሎ ኤርትራውያን ከኣ ምናልባት ስም ህግደፍ ብሕማቕ ክለዓል እንከሎ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ እውን ይልክሞ እዩ ዝብል ብዝመስል ነቲ ጉጅለ ናይ ምክልኻል ዝንባለ የርእዩ። እምበኣር ኣብ ከምዚ ዝኣመሰለ እዩ ንጉዳያት ኣብ ክንዲ ሓደ ጫፍ ምጉታት፡ ኣመዛዚንካ ምርኣይ ዘድሊ። ጉጅለ ህግደፍሲ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣይኮነንዶ ኣብዚ ዶብ ሰጊርካ ዝፍጸም ምጥፍፋእን ሓጥያትን ኣብ ገዛእ ጉዳዩ እውን ህዝቢ ዝውክለሉ መርተዖ የብሉን። እዚ ነቶም ህግደፍ በዲሉና ዝብሉ ወገናት’ውን  ብሩህ ስለ ዝኾነ ምእንቲ ርትዓውነቶም ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ካብቲ ሓጥያት ከውጽእዎ ይግበኦም። እቲ ጉጅለ ግና መተሓጥይቲ ምእንቲ ክረክብ  ህዝቢ ክሕመ እንከሎ ከጽቅጥ ናይ ግድን እዩ።

“ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ናይ ህግዲፍ ድዩ ናይ ህዝቢ?” ዝብል እውን ምስቲ ኣብ ትግራይ ዘሎ ኢድ ኣእታውነትን ዝርያን ተተሓሒዙ፡ ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ኣዛራቢ ኮይኑ ዘሎ እዩ። ሓይልታት ምክልኻል ኤርትራ  ካብ ኣብራኽ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝወጸ፡ ረብሓኡ ካብ ረብሓ ህዝቡ ዘይፍለን ኣብ መጻኢት ኤርትራ ናይ ምትህድዳእ፡ ሓለዋን ምክልኻል ረብሓ ህዝብን ግደ ዝጽበዮ ስለ ዝኾነ ሰራዊት ኤርትራ ዘይበሃል ኣይኮነን። እንተኾነ በቲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘይፈልጦን ሕገመንግስታዊ ውክልና ዘይሃቦን ጉጅለ ህግድፍ ዝምረሓሉ ሕቡእ ፖሊሲ፡ ዝስልጥን፡ ዝዕጠቕን ተኣዚዙ ዝዋጋእን ምዃኑ ከኣ ህዝባውነት ከም ዘስእኖ ምዝንጋዕ ኣየድልን። ብመንጽር’ዚ እዚ ሰራዊት ናይ ብሓቂ ወዲ ህዝቢ ምዃኑ ንምርግጋጽ፡ ብዛዕባቲ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቡ ዘውርዶ ዘሎ በደል ቃሉ ከስምዕን ግብራዊ ስጉምቲ ክወስድን ይግበኦ። ኮታ ካብ ጉጅለ ህግደፍ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ከም ዝቐርቦ ከርኢ ይግበኦ። እቲ ኢሳያስ ዝንየተሉ ሓይልን ዓቕምን ናቱ ናይቲ ሰራዊት ሓይሊ ስለ ዝኾነ “ ኣንጻር ህግደፍ ዘይለዓል ካብ እገለ ስለ ዝሰጋእኩ እየ” ኢሉ ዝሃድመሉ ምኽንያት ቅቡል ኣይኮነን። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ንቀጻልነት እቲ ጉጅለ ክብል ንብረት ዝራሲ፡ መሰላት ዝግህስን ተኲሱ ህዝቡ ዝቐትልን እንተኾይኑ፡ ግና “ናይ ህግዲፍ ዘይኮነስ ናይ ህዝቢ እዩ” ክትብሎ ኣጸጋሚ እዩ። በዚ ኮነ በቲ ኣብዝን ካለኦት ተሃወስቲ ጉዳያትን ኣብ ክንዲ ሓደ ጫፍ ምጉታት ምምዝዛን ኣገዳሲ እዩ።

Friday, 22 January 2021 11:41

Radio Dimtsi Harnnet Kassel 21.01.2021

Written by


A rebel region is being starved into submission

Source: Economist

Ethiopia suffered famines in the past. Many foreigners know this; in 1985 about one-third of the world’s population watched a pop concert to raise money for starving Ethiopians. What is less well understood is that poor harvests lead to famine only when malign rulers allow it.

It was not the weather that killed perhaps 1m people in 1983-85. It was the policies of a Marxist dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam, who forced peasants at gunpoint onto collective farms. Mengistu also tried to crush an insurgency in the northern region of Tigray by burning crops, destroying grain stores and slaughtering livestock.

When the head of his own government’s humanitarian agency begged him for cash to feed the starving, he dismissed him with a memorably callous phrase: “Don’t let these petty human problems…consume you.”

Things were supposed to be different under Abiy Ahmed, the Ethiopian prime minister who was hailed as a reformer when he took charge in 2018, and who won the Nobel peace prize the following year.

Yet once again it looks as if hunger is being used as a weapon in Africa’s second-most-populous nation. And once again the scene of the horror is Tigray. Since fighting broke out in November between federal forces and those of Tigray’s rebellious former ruling party, perhaps 2m out of 6m Tigrayans are thought to have fled their homes.

Many could now starve because the government has let so little food into the region


Source: Devex












 Pekka Haavisto, Finnish minister for foreign affairs. Photo by: European Union

The European Union is preparing to send Finnish foreign minister Pekka Haavisto to negotiate with the Ethiopian government as it pushes for unfettered access for humanitarians in the conflict-torn Tigray region.

EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell raised the possible visit on a Jan. 9 phone call with Ethiopia’s Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen, a spokesperson for the European External Action Service told Devex Monday, adding that the idea was “welcomed.”

The move comes after the EU announced its decision Friday to halt budget support for Ethiopia over the lack of humanitarian access in Tigray.

Haavisto is an experienced Greens politician and former development minister who has acted as a special representative and adviser in Africa for Finland, the EU, and United Nations, notably in Darfur. An EU official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said that Borrell accepted Haavisto’s offer to act on his behalf in talks with the Ethiopian government due to his high-level contacts and experience in the region.

“We have told the Ethiopians that we stand ready to negotiate something different, but what is now on the table is not working.”

— EU official

Haavisto’s precise mandate and mission will be finalized in the coming days, the official said, with the current plan for him to travel to Ethiopia in time to report back to a Feb. 22 meeting of EU foreign ministers. Haavisto’s office declined to comment.

Last Friday, Borrell outlined the EU’s decision to stop sending development assistance directly to the Ethiopian government, citing restricted humanitarian access amid “reports of ethnic-targeted violence, killings, massive looting, rapes, forceful returns of refugees and possible war crimes.”

“In the absence of full humanitarian access to all areas of the conflict, we have no alternative but to postpone the planned disbursement of €88 million [$106.7 million] in budget support,” Borrell wrote in a blog post.

The figure includes the suspension of three planned payments: €60 million for regional connectivity, €17.5 million for a health sector transformation plan, and €11 million for job creation.

“We were under circumstances under which by no means we could give a single euro of the EU budget to this government, because of what’s going on,” the EU official told Devex.

A spokesperson for the European Commission’s development department said Ethiopia will have to comply with the following conditions before the EU will disburse future budget support:

  • “Granting full humanitarian access for relief actors to reach people in need in all affected areas, in line with International Humanitarian Law.
  • Civilians must be able to seek refuge in neighboring countries.
  • Ethnically targeted measures and hate speech must stop.
  • Mechanisms to monitor human rights violations must be put in place to investigate allegations of breach of Human Rights.
  • Communication lines and media access to Tigray should be fully re-established.”

The move only affects budget support, which goes directly to the government. Other development modalities, such as funding channeled through NGOs, and humanitarian programs will continue. Last month, the EU increased its emergency aid to the region by €23.7 million.

The spokesperson did not respond to questions on how the suspension would affect the EU’s 2021-2027 development work in Ethiopia, which is currently being programmed.

Ethiopia is one of the top recipients of official development assistance from the EU. It was allocated €815 million for the 2014-2020 budgetary period, plus more than €400 million from the EU Trust Fund for Africa.

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