ኣቦመንበር ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰዲህኤ) ኣቶ ተስፋይ ወልደሚካኤል (ደጊጋ)  ናብ ፕረሲደንት ሕብረት ኤውሮጳ ኣቶ ጂን-ክላውድ ጁንከር መዘከር ልኢኹ፡ ቅዳሕ ናይቲ መዘክር ከኣ ናብ ሃገራት ኤውሮጳ ሰዲዱ። ኣቦመንበር ሰዲህኤ ኣብዚ መልእኽቱ፡ ሃገራት ኤውሮጳ ነቲ መንግስቲ ኖርወይ ኣብ ልዕሊ ንስደተኛነት ከም መኸወሊ ተጠቒሞም ብቐጻሊ፡ ንስደተኛታት ዝምልከት ሕጊ ዝጠሕሱ ደገፍቲ ስርዓት ኤርትራ ጀሚራቶ ዘላ ጥንቁቕ ስጉምቲ ኣብ ግምት ከእትውዎ ተማሕጺኑ።

እቲ መዘክር ንሕብረት ኤውሮጳን ነተን ኣብ ሃገራተን ንዘለዉ ኣስታት 400 ሺሕ ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት፡ ልግስን ፖለቲካዊ ዕቑባን ዝህባ ዘለዋ ሃገራትን ብዝለዓለ ደረጃ ኣመስጊኑ። ብምትሕሓዝ ከኣ ነቶም ውሑዳት ሕጊ ስደተኛ ጥሒሶም፡ ተመሊሶም ደገፍቲ ስርዓት ኤርትራ ኮይኖም ናይተን ዝነብርወን ሃገራት ሕጊ ብዘይምኽባር ናይቲ ስርዓት ግዱድን ዘየናሕስን መደብ ክፍሊት 2% ዘተግብሩን ዝተሓባበሩን ኮኒኑ።

ብምቕጻል እቲ መዘክር፡  ዝበዘሐ ኤርትራዊ፡ ብመንግስቲ ኖርወይን ካለኦት መንግስታት ኤውሮጳን ኣብ ልዕሊ እቶም ምስ መንግስቲ ኣስመራ ብምትሕብባር ነቲ ዝረኽብዎ ፖለቲካዊ ዑቕባ ዘባኽኑ ውሑዳት ዝውሰድ ቅኑዕን ጥንቅቑን ስጉምቲ ከምዘይቃወም ጠቒሱ። ኣተሓሒዙ ከኣ እዞም ሕጂ ተመሊሶም ንመንግስቲ ኤርትራ ዝድግፉ ዘለዉ፡ ፖለቲካዊ ዑቕባ ንምርካብ ዘቕረብዎ ምኽንያት “መወዳእታ ዘየብሉ” ግዱድ መደብ ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎት ምንባሩ ጠቒሱ።

ኣብቲ መዘክር ኣብዚ እዋን’ዚ ብሓርፋፍ ግምት ሰዲህኤ፡ ኣብ ኢጣልያ፡ 120,000፡ ኣብ ጀርመን 80,000፡ ኣብ ስወደን 50, 000፡ ኣብ ዓባይ ብሪታንያን ስዊዘርላንድን ነፍሲ ወከፈን 40,000፡ ኣብ ሆላንድ 25,000፡ ኣብ ፊንላንድን ደንማርክን ነፍሲ ወከፈን 4,000፡ ኣብ በልጅምን ፈረንሳን ነፍሲ ወከፈን 3,000 ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት ኣለዉ። ሰዲህኤን ካለኦት ኣሓት ውድባትን በዚ እዘን ሃገራት ንኤርትራውያን ዝሃብኦ ልግስን ፖለቲካዊ ዕቑባን ሕጉሳት ምዃኖም ዝጠቐሰ  መዘክር ሰዲህኤ፡ ብኣንጻሩ ከምቲ መንግስቲ ኖርወይ ዝጠቐሶ፡ ገለ ኤርትራውያን ስደተኛታት፡ ኣብተን ሃገራት ዘሎ ንስደተኛታት ዝምልከት ሕግታት ብምጥሓስ ኣብ ናይቲ ጨቋንን ካብኡ ሃዲሞም ዑቕባ ዝሓተቱን መንግስቲ ኣኼባታትን ፈስቲቫላትን እናተሳተፉን ብግህሰት ሰብኣዊ መሰል ምስ ዝኽሰሱ ከም በዓል የማነ ገብረኣብ ዝኣመሰሉ  ብምትሕብባርን ናይ ስደተኛ መሰሎም የባኽኑ ከም ዘለዉ ከም ዘስተውዕል እቲ መዘክር ብዝርዝር ኣስፊሩ።

እዚ ስእላዊ ሓበሬታ ከም ዘመልክቶ፡ ድሕርቲ ንመበል 25 ዓመት ምጅማር መደብ ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎትን  ወተሃደራዊ መደበር ታዕሊም ሳዋን ብዝምልከት ኣብ ኖርወይ ከተማ ኦስሎ ኣብ ዝርከብ ኤምባሲ ኤርትራ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ወርሒ ነሃሰ ዝተኻየደ ጽንብል ላዕለዎት ሰብ መዚ ኖርወይ ብዛዕባቲ ኣብ ልዕሊ እቶም ሕጊ ዝጠሓሱ ስደተኛታት ክውሰድ ዝግበኦ ስጉምቲ ብጽሞና ክዘራረቡ ጀሚሮም ኣለዉ። ኩሉ ከም ዝፈልጦ ኖርወይን ካለኦት ሃገራት ኤውሮጳን ነቲ “መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ብግዱድ ዕስክርና መሰልና ግሂሱ” ዝብል ምኽንያት ተቐቢለን እየን ንኤርትራውያን መሰል ዑቕባ ክህባ ጸኒሐን። ስለዚ እቶም ምስ ላዕለዎት ሓለፍቲ ኤርትራ ኮይኖም ኣብ ዝኽሪ ምጅማር ሃገራዊ ኣገልግሎትን ካለኦት ኣጋጣምታትን ብምስታፍ መሰሎም ኣብ ሓደጋ ዝውድቑ ስደተኛታት ተሓተቲ ባዕላቶም እዮም።

EPDP Chair Urges Europe to Take Action Against Agents of the Asmara regime 3

Thursday, 19 September 2019 21:06

Eritrea Should End 18 Years of Darkness

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Free All Political Prisoners, Including Critics Held Since 2001

 
Thursday, 19 September 2019 20:56

Radio Demtsi Harnnet Kassel 19.09.2019

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ፍቕርን ሓልዮትን ካብ ገዛን ቤተሰብን  እዩ ዝጅምር። ኣብ ገዝኡን ቤተሰቡን ዘየድመዐ ካብኡ ወጻኢ ኣብ ዝገብሮ ፈንጠርጠር ከድምዕ ኣይክእልን እዩ። በጃን ሓላይን ህዝቢ ክትከውን ናይቲ ብቐረባ ክትኣልዮን ከተመሓድሮን ዝግበኣካ ቤተሰብ ሓላይ ክትከውን ክትበቅዕ ናይ ግድን እዩ። ምኽንያቱ ቤተሰብ  ህዝቢ ሓንቲ ሃገር እተቕውም  መሰረታዊት ኣሃዱ ስለ ዝኾነት። እቲ ፍቕርን ሓልዮትን ብደረጃታት ክፈላለ ይኽእል። ንቤተሰብ ንመላእ ንህዝብን ካልእ መንነትካ ዝገልጽን  ዝወሃብ ክብደት ደረጃታት ሃልይዎ ግና ተጸላላውን ትርደጋጋፍን እዩ።

ነዚ ብመንጽር መንግስታት ክንርእዮ እንከለና፡ ከምቲ ሓደ መራሒ ስድራቤት፡ ኣባላት ቤተሰቡ ናይ ምምራሕ ሓላፍነት ዘለዎ፡ ህዝቢ ሓንቲ ሃገር ናይ ምምሕዳር ሓላፍነት ዝወስድ ኣካል ከኣ ዝኸበደ ዕማም ኣለዎ። ሃገርን ህዝብን ምምራሕ ኣዝዩ ሰፊሕ ዝርዝር ዘለዎ ኮይኑ፡ ብመሰረቱ ግና ሃገር ምስ ኩሉ ክብራ ምሕላውን መሰረታዊ ሕቶታት ናይቲ ዝመርሖ ህዝቢ ኣብ ኩሉ መዳያት ምምላስን እዩ። እዚ ናይ መራሕን ተመራሕን ዝምድና ብፍንው ድሌት ናይ ሓዲኦም ዝካየድ ዘይኮነ፡ ግደ መንግስትን ህዝብን ብዝውስን መሰማምዒ ቃል ኪዳን  ተመስሪቱ  ዝስራሕ እዩ። ኩሉ’ቲ ስምምዓትን ውዕላትን ከኣ ኣብቲ ናይ ኩሉ ሕግታት ላዕለዋይ ሕጊ ዝኾነ ሕገ-መንግስቲ ዝምስረት እዩ። ከምቲ ሓደ መራሒ ስድራቤት ቅድሚ ኩሉ ሕጋዊ ክኸውን ዝገበኦ ሃገር ዝመርሕ መንግስቲ እውን ቅድሚ ኩሉ ሕጋዊ ክኸውን ይግበኦ። ኣብ ርእሲኡ በቲ ዝመርሖ ህዝቢ ተቐባልነት ክረክብ ይግበኦ። ተቓባልነት ንምርካብ ከኣ ቅድሚ ኩሉ ሕጋዊ ምዃን የድሊ። ሕጋዊ ናይ ምዃን ቀንዲ መቕድም ከኣ ሕገመንግስታዊ ውሕስነት ብዝረኸበ ድምጺ ህዝቢ ኣብ ስልጣን ምምጻእ እዩ። ነዚ ሕጋዊ መሰረት ጓስዩ ከም ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ብኢደወነኑ ኣብ ስልጣን ዝመጽእ ኣካል ግና ዝበለ እንተበለ ዓመጸኛ እዩ።

ሓደ ከም ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ዝኣመሰለ ህዝባዊ ሕቶ ምምላስ  ዝሰኣነ፡ ዝመርጾ መንግዲ ህድማ እዩ። ህድማ ብኣካል ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ብኣተሓሳስባን ኣተሓሕዛን ካብ ባህጊ ህዝቢ ርሒቕካ ደገደገ ምምዕዳው እዩ። ኣብ ኣፈንጫኡ ብዛዕባ ዘለዉ በዳህቲ ግዜ ዘይህቡ ሃገራውን ህዝባውን ዛዕባታት ንምኽዋል፡ ህዝቢ ጉዳዩ ገዲፉ ናብ ርሑቕ ምእንቲ ከመዓዱ መዳህለልቲ ብልሓታት ይምህዝ። ንነብሱ ኣብ ክንዲ ምስ ካብኡ ዝሓሹ፡ ምስ ካብኡ ዝሓመቑ እንዳወዳደረ ዝሓሸ ኮይኑ ክቕርብን ክደዓዕስን ይፈቱ። ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብዛዕባ ህልዊ ኩነታት የመን፡ ሶማልያን ካለኦት ኣብ ህውከትን ድኽነትን ዘለዋ ሃገራት እምበር ብዛዕባ ሰላም፡ ዲሞክራስን ልምዓትን ዘውሓሳ ሃገራት ክሓስብ ኣይደልዮን። ሕሉፍሓሊፉ ናቱ ዕዮ ገዛ ከይሰረሐ ኣብ ርሑቕ ከይዱ ሓላይ ናይ ሰፊሕ ዞና መሲሉ ይቐርብ። እንተኾነ ናይ ኩሉ መሰረት ናይ ገዛእ ርእስኻ ዕዮ ገዛ ክትዓምም ምኽኣልን ዘይምኽኣልን ስለ ዝኾነ፡ ኣብቲ መህደሚ ክኾኖ ዝኸዶ ከባቢ እውን ኣይሰልጦን። እዚ ከኣ  ንናይ ገዛእ ርእሱ ህዝቢ ሓላይ ዘይኮነ ኣካል፡ ኣብ ካልእ እውን ሓላይ ክኸውን ከምዘይክእል ዘመልክት እዩ።

ዲክታቶር ኢሳይያስ ብመንጽርዚ ክንርእዮ እንከለና፡ ንኤርትራን ህዝባን ብዘይሕግን ፍትሕን ዝድህኽ ዘሎ እዩ። ምስ ህዝቢ ቃል ዝኣተወሉ ውዕል የብሉን። እንታይ ክገብር ከም ዝግበኦን እንታይ ክገብር ከምዘይግበኦን ዝድርት ትካላት የብሉን። ግደ ህዝቢ ኣብ ጉዳይ ሃገሩ ዘርኢ ስኑድ መሰማምዒ ውዕል የለን። ብሓጺሩ ኣብ ጉዳይ ህዝቢ “ከም ድላዩ” ክገብር ዝጸንሐን ዘሎን ውጹእ መላኺ እዩ። ከም መንግስቲ ዋላ ሓንቲ ካብ ናይ ህዝቢ ሕቶታት ኣይምልስን። ብኣንጻሩ ንዝሓቱን ክሓቱ ንዝሓስቡን ይቐጽዕ። “ኣነ እየ ኩሉ” ካብ ዝብል ትዕቢትን ብደዐን ስለ ዝነቅል እቲ ንዕኡ ባህ ዝብሎ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ እውን ባህ ከም ዝብሎ ገይሩ ይወስድ። ግደ ሓቂ ግና ብፍላይ ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ብኹሉ መዕቀኒ ምርጫ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ኣካይዳ ኢሳይያስን ተጻራሪ እዩ። ናይዚ ነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ መሰረት ከኣ እዚ ተቓርኖ’ዚ እዩ።

ዲክታቶር ኢሳይያስ ብዓቕሚ ኮነ ብባህሪ ሕቶ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ክምልስ ኣይክእልን እዩ። ብኣንጻሩ ኣብ እንግደዓ ናይቲ ሕቶኡ ዘይምለሰሉ ህዝቢ ተኾይጡ ኣብ ስልጣን ክነብር ይደሊ፡ ይነብር ከኣ ኣሎ። ስለዚ ነዚ ዓቂቡ ንምቕጻል ዝመርጾ ስልቲ ካብቲ ህዝባዊ ሕቶ ምህዳምን ብቐጥታ ምስ ናይቲ ህዝቢ ሕቶ ዝምድና ዘየብሉ  ኣጀንዳታት ምፍጣር’ዩ። እቲ ቀንዲ ዝጥቀመሉ ኣገባብ ከኣ ንሱ ባዕሉ ቀንዲ ጸላኢ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ክነሱ፡ ንህዝብና ካልእ ጸላኢ ይዕድመሉ። ጸላኢ ምዕዳም ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ኣብ ዘይምኽኑይ ውግእ ጠቢሱ የህልቖ። ነቲ ህልቂት ከኣ ተመሊሱ “ኣየኽሰረናን” ይብሎ። ብመንጽር እዚ ኩሉቲ ድሕሪ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ምስ ሱዳን፡ የመን፡ ጅቡትን ኢትዮጵያን ዝተኻየደ’ሞ ንኤርትራ ሓይልሰባ በሊዑን ንብረታ ኣባዲሙን ኣብዚ ሕጂ በጺሓቶ ዘላ ቀራና መንገዲ ዘውደቓ ውግኣት ብሓልዮትን ብትዕግስትን እንተዝተሓዝ ዘይክካየድ መኸኣለ። እንተኾነ እቲ ዲክታቶር ኣብ ስልጣን ንምቕጻል ከምቲ ዝገበሮ ካብ ምግባር ካልእ ምርጫ ስለ ዘይተራእዮ ከምኡ ገይሩ።

ኢሳይያስ ሕጂ እውን ካብ ናትካ ኣቐሚጥካ ደገደገ ምምዕዳው ኣይወጸን። ኣብ ስልጣን ንምቕጻል ካብዚ ዝሓሸ መንገዲ ኣይረኣየን። ኩሉ ዝገብሮ ምእንቲ ህዝብን ሃገርን ብምሕላይ ዘይኮነ ምእንቲ ስልጣኑ ምዃኑ ካብ 1998 ጀሚሩ ምስ ኢትዮጵያ ዘለዎ ጉዳይ ክሕዘሉ ዝጸንሐ ናይ “ክውዕየካን ብማንካ ክዝሕለካን ብኢድካ” ሜላ ምስትብሃል ጥራይ ይኣክል። ከድልዮ እንከሎ ንልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ሰማይ ይሰቕሎ፡ ኣብ ዘየድለዮ ድማ ብዛዕባኡ ንምዝራብ እውን “ነውሪ እዩ” ይብሎ። ካብዚ ቀረባ ግዜ ጀሚሩ፡ ምስ ሱዳን፡ ሶማል፡ የመንን ካለኦት ጐረባብትና ሃገራትን ዝገብሮ ዘሎ ዳንኬራ ከኣ ሃገርን ህዝብን ናይ ምጥቃም ተልእኮ የብሉን።

ዲክታቶር ኢሳይያስ ነቲ ኣካይዳኡ በየናይ መነጽር ከም ዝርእዮ ኣይርደኣካን እዩ። ዓለም ብዓለማ “ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቡ ዝጨከነ፡ ብልኡላውነት ሃገር ዝተዋገየ፡ ሰብኣውነት ዘየብሉ፡ ዝብሎ እምበር ዝበሃሎ ዘይሰምዕ ጸማም” ምዃኑ እንዳነገረቶ፡ ኣብ ክንዲ ተመሊሱ ንነብሱ ምፍታሽ፡ ዞና ቀይሕ ባሕርን ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃን ከወሃህድ መገሻ ምጅማሩ ንብዙሓት ዘገረመ ነይሩ። ኣብ ርእሲ ተንኮለኛን ጨካንን “ዓሻ” ክብልዎ ዝተደናደኑ’ውን ነይሮም። እንተኾነ ወዮ ኣብ ገዝኡ ዝጀመሮ ዘይሓሊ ኣካይዳ፡ ኣብ ዘዝኸዶ ክስዕቦ ግድን ስለ ዝኾነ ኣይሰለጦን። ምናልባት እውን ነተን ሃገራት መሊሱ ጉዳያተን ዘጋድድ ዳንዴር ዘሪኡለን ይኸውን።

ኩልና ከም እንርደኦ፥ ሓድነት ንኹሉ ሓደ ወይ ዘይፈላለ ትገብሮ ማለት ኣይኮንነ። ምኽንያቱ ሓደ ህዝቢ ብምሉኡ ሓደ ዓይነት ኣተሓሳስባ፥ እመነት፥ ድሌት ኣለዎ ማለት ስለ ዘይኮነ። ስለዚ ኩሉ ምሉእ ብምሉእ ክመሳሰል ከምዘይክእል ክንርዳእ ኣሎና። እቲ ቀንዲ ንኹሉ ህዝቢ ኣጣሚሩ ብዝሕዝ ብሓንሳብ ምስራሕ ብዝብል ኣምር ክጠራንፎን ከወሃህዶን ክኽእል እዩ። እዚ ብሓንሳብ ኰንካ ናይ ምስራሕ ሓድነት  ድማ ንናይ ኣባልነት ወይ ምትእስሳር (belongingnes) ስምዒት ሓድነት ማለት እዩ። እዚ ማለት፥ ኤርትራ ዝተፈላለየ ሃይማኖታት፥ ቋንቋታትን፥ ዓሌታትን ዝውከሉ መነታት ኣለዋ፥ ይኹን እምበር ነታ ኤርትራ እትብል ሃገር ኩልና ንብልጽግነኣን ዕቤታን ብሓንሳብ ኰይንና ምስ እንሰርሕ ምዃንና ሓደ ይገብርና።

ኣብዚ ከም ደቂ ሃገር ኩልና ሓላፍነታውያን ክንከውን ኣሎና። ስለዚ ኣብታ ሃገር ንዝውለድ ዘበለ ኩሉ፥ ወለዶም ነቲ ጽቡቕ ባህልን ልምድን እናኽበሩ ብጽቡቕ ኣተዓባብያን፡ እናኽበሩ ክዓብዩ ከኽእልዎም ይግባእ። ሓደ ህጻን ምስ ተወልደ ኣብ ትሕቲ ሕቚፊ ወለዱ እንከሎ ተኣዛዝነት፥ ስነስርዓት፥ ሓቂ ምዝራብን ንደቂ ሰባት ዝጎድእ ዘይምሕሳብን ወዘተ፥ ኩሉ ጽቡቕ ዘበለ ስነ-ምግባር እንተማሂረምዎ ንሓድነት ዓብይ ኣበርክቶ ክህልዎም ይኽእል። ምኽንያቱ እቲ ኩሉ ኣተሓሳስባኦም ንኹሉ ኤርትራዊ ዜጋ ብማዕረ ምርኣይን ምግልጋልን ዝብል ሰናይ ተግባራት ስለዝተዀስኮሰ።

እዚ ብግቡእ ዝተኾስኰሰ ህጻን ኣብ ዝጉብዘሉ እዋን ንልዕልና ሕግን ግዝኣተ ሕግን ዘኽብርን፥ ካብ ኩሉ ድሑር ኣተሓሳስባታት ነጻ ኮይኑ ብኣንነት ንኸይጥቃዕ ይሕግዞ። እዚ ከኣ ኣብ ክንዲ  ዘይተጸዋርነት ምዝራእ፡ ማለት ብቀቢላ ብሃይማኖት ብዘርኢ ወዘተ ምክፍፋል ገዲፉ ሕውነት፥ ስኒት፥ ይቕረ ምባልን ምትእምማንን ምጽውዋርን ንምፍጣር ይሕግዞ።

ሓድነት እምበኣር ልክዕ ከም ሓደ ተኽሊ ማይን፥ ማዕድንን፥ ንፋስን፥ ዋዕን ዘድልዮ፥ ንሓድነት ድማ፥ ጉርሒ፥ ውሽጣውሽጢ ምስራሕ፥ ቅጥፈት፥ ተንኮልን፡ ጽልእን ዘይኮነ፡ ኣሳታፍነት ተጸዋርነት፥ ግሉጽነት፥ ፍቕሪ፥ ንብዙሕነት፡ ሃይማኖት ይኹን ሓሳብ ምቕባል፥ እዩ ዘጠጥዖ። ሓድነት ንሓድሕድና ምፍቓርን ንኹልና ዘርብሕ ብማዕረን ርህራሄን፥ ምትሕብባርን ዝመልኦ ምግልጋል የድሊ። እዚ ምስ እንገብር እቲ ሓድነት ኣንብሎ ናብቲ ኣቕጣጫ ብዘይ ኣፈላላይን ኣብ ቅድሚ ሕጊ ማዕረ ዝኾነን ርኹብን ስኡንን እውን ኣዚዩ ዘይፈላለየሉ፡ ንኹሉ ዘሕጉስ ጥዑይ ህይወት ሕብረተሰብ ንምፍጣር ዘብጽሕ ይኸውን።

ብሓጺሩ ሓድነት፥ ዘርኡ፥ ሃይማኖቱ፥ ብሄሩ፥ ዓሌቱ ቋንቋኡ፡ ጾትኡ ብዘየገድስ ሓደ ምዃን ማለት ብሃገራዊነት ኣተሓሳስባን ስምዒትን ህንጸት ሃገርን ንኹልና ብማዕረ ከምትብጸሓና ዘርእየና ምሉእነት ናይቲ ኣቐዲሙ ተጠቒሱ ዘሎ ክፋላት ማለት እዩ። እዚ ማለት ሽሕ እኳ ኣብ ኤርትራ እቲ ናኣሽቱ መግለጺ መንነታት ከም ሃይማኖት፥ ባህልን ቋንቋን ዝኣመሰሉ እንተለውዋ፥ እቲ ሓደ ዝገብረና ግን ኩልና ኤርትራውያን ምዃና እዩ። ምኽንያቱ እዛ ኤርትራ ትበሃል ብሓድነት ናይ ብዙሕነት ዝቖመት፥ ብዓሌት ወይ ብሄር ወይ ሃይማኖት እንተተሸራሪፋ ክንዕቅባ ኣይንኽእልን ኢና። እንተዘይዓቂብናያ ከኣ እቲ ዝተጠቕሰ ሃይማኖት ይኹን፥ ብሄር፥ ቋንቋ፥ ልምዲ ባህሊ ፈጺሙ ኣይክህሉን እዩ።

ሓድነት እምበኣር ሃገር ኣብ ምምስራትን፥ ምህናጻን ቀንዲ ረቛሒ ካብ ኮነ፥ ኣብ ክብርታትና ወይ ወግዒታትና ሓባራዊ  ስምምዓት ክህልወና ኣለዎ። እዚ ምስ እንገብር ኣብ ሓድሕድ ምክብባርን  ማዕረ ረብሓን ዝተአስረተ ሓባራዊ ምትእምማን ምህናጽ ሓጋዚ ይኸውን። ኣብዚ ደረጃ እዚ ምስ እንበጽሕ ድማ እቲ ሓቀኛ ፍቕሪ ሓድሕድ ይፍጠር እሞ ናይቲ ክመጽእ ዝኽእል ኣሉታዊ ሳዕቤናት ይኹን ሽግራት ወይ ግድላት ንምፍታሕ ሓባራዊ ርድኢት ይፈጥረልና። ብተወሳኺ ናይ ካልኦት ድሌታት፡ ወጽዓ፡ ስቅያትን ሽግራትን ናይ ምፍላጥ ኣተሓሳስባና ክነማዕብልን ናይ ምድግጋፍን ምጽውዋር መንፈስና ክብ የብሎ። በዚ ከኣ እታ ሃገርን ህዝባን ሓቢሩ ንዝኾነ ይኹን ሽግራት ንምፍታሕ ናይ ሓባር ኣተሓሳስባ ብምጥራይ “ንወገነይ ንኣውራጃይ ንሃይማኖተይ ልዕሊ ኩሉ” ዝብል ሓሳብ ብንኹልና ክርህወናን፥ ከርበሓናን ዝኻል ሓሳብ ይትካእ እሞ ሓቢርና ናይ ምስራሕን ምንባርን መንፈስ የኻዕብተልና።

September 18, 2019 Ethiopia, News

Source: Addis Standard

Addis Abeba, September 18/2019 – Sileshi Bekele (PhD), Ethiopia’s Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity said Ethiopia has rejected Egypt’s latest proposal on the filling of multi-billion dollar Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

A tripartite meeting between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan took place in Cairo on Sunday and Monday for the first time in more than a year. Earlier reports show Egypt and Ethiopia were “at odds” over the issue.

Speaking to local media today, Dr. Sileshi said that Egypt has proposed its own plans which suggested the filling of the dam’s reservoir to be conducted within seven years period of time and a minimum guaranteed release of 40 billion meter cubic (BMC) of water every year as well as demand to maintain High Aswan Dam (HAD) at 165 meter above sea level.

A classified document obtained by Addis Standard discussing Ethiopia’s position on the demands made by Egypt (refereed as “Technical aspects of the agreement on the Filling and operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam(GERD)”, submitted on 1st of ‘ August 2019″) rejected the demands and provided explanations on Ethiopia’s position.

Accordingly, Ethiopia rejected Egypt’s proposal demanding it “to commit to release the ‘natural average flow’ of the Blue Nile measured at the GERD site because it was “based on the recorded flow of the Blue Nile for the period 1911 to 2018.” During this period, the Blue Nile flow fluctuated between a minimum of approximately 29 BCM (in 1984) to a maximum of 69 BCM (in 1917)’ The average annual flow for this 108 years is approximately 49 BCM.”

“The Blue Nile has no longer been in natural flow state since the time Ethiopia started implementing irrigation g projects on the Blue Nile ,such as the Fincha Hydro-power  the Tana-Beles, the Chara-Chara weir etc. Therefore demanding n “natural average flow” be guaranteed means denying the existence of these current uses (projects),” the document said.

Ethiopia also rejected the 40 BMC annual release of water on the bases that “such stringent condition of annual flow release is not acceptable to Ethiopia as it prolongs the filling of the GERD.”

With regard to Egypt’s demand “to maintain High Aswan Dam (HAD) at 165 meter above sea level”, Ethiopia rejected the demand saying “this request is technically impractical and is tantamount to agreeing to hold the operation of the GERD hostage to Egyptian water use downstream. Further since Ethiopia cannot control Egyptian water use/withdrawal from HAD, agreeing to this demand means ending up in perpetual ‘water debt.’”

“The request by Egypt is not practical and, therefore, Ethiopia outright rejects it,” the document reads and concluded that when all the elements of the Egyptian proposal are considered in aggregate, the commutative effect will result in: a) Prolong the filing of GERD indefinitely; b) GERD will primarily be there to compensate for Egyptian water deficit, serving as second backup reservoir to HAD; c) GERD will not deliver its economic return to Ethiopia; d) The proposed Permanent coordination Mechanism infringes on Ethiopia’s sovereignty; e) Ethiopia will forfeit its rights to equitable and reasonable utilization of the Blue Nile water resources.

September 18, 2019

By

 

Seven religious schools in Eritrea, four of them sponsored by the Catholic Church, have been seized by the country’s government this month. Catholic bishops in the country say the move was motivated by “hatred against the faith.”

“If this is not hatred against the faith and against religion what else can it be?” Eritrea’s bishops asked in a Sept. 4 letter addressed to the Minister of Public Education, Semere Re’esom.

The seven schools seized by the government include three run Protestant and Muslim groups, according to Comboni Catholic missionaries serving in the area. The schools have been nationalized, and will reportedly now be run by the country’s education ministry.

The Eritrean government has also seized Church-run health facilities.

“The actions that are being taken against our educational and health institutions are contrary to the rights and to the legitimate freedom of the Church,” the bishops wrote in their Sept. 4 letter.

The bishops also suggested that the government raise to them any objections to the way in which Catholic schools and hospitals are administered in Eritrea.

 

“If there are situations that need to be corrected or adjusted, not only is it good, but even the only viable way, in order for this to take place in a context of an open and constructive dialogue,” the bishops wrote.

Eritrea is a one-party state whose human rights record has frequently been deplored.

It is believed the seizures are retaliatory, after the Church in April called for reforms to reduce emigration.

The bishops had also called for national reconciliation.
Government seizure of Church property is not new, however.

A 1995 decree restricting social and welfare projects to the state has been used intermittently since then to seize or close ecclesial services.

In July 2018, an Eritrean Catholic priest helping immigrants and refugees in Italy told EWTN that authorities had recently shut down eight free Catholic-run medical clinics. He said authorities claimed the clinics were unnecessary because of the presence of state clinics.

Christian and Muslim schools have also been closed under the 1995 decree, according to the US Commission on International Religious Freedom’s 2019 annual report.

Eritrea has been designated a Country of Particular Concern since 2004 for its religious freedom abuses by the US Department of State.

Many Eritreans, especially youth, emigrate, due to a military conscription, and a lack of opportunities, freedom, education, and health care.

A July 2018 peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea, which ended a conflict over their mutual border, led to an open border which has allowed for easier emigration.

Catholics make up 4 percent of Eritrea’s population.

Source=https://www.eurasiareview.com/18092019-eritrea-bishops-say-seizure-of-catholic-schools-is-hatred-against-the-faith/

Wednesday, 18 September 2019 10:28

The Concept of Building Democratic state in Eritrea

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What is a State? ሃገር ማለት እንታይ ማለት ኢዩ

state is an independent political entity with clearly defined geographic boundaries, population, resources and wealth, the so called physical basis of the state. ( Max Weber’s definition)

What is a Nation? ብሄር ማለት እንታይ ማለት ኢዩ

Nation is a large body of people united by common origin, history, culture, ethnicity, or language. What the Tograi-tigrniniTigrni / Agazian wishes to establish in this area inhabited by various people.

What is the difference between a State and Nation? ኣብ መንጎ ሃገርን ብሄርን ዘሎ ፍልልይ

The main difference between state and nation is that state is a political and legal entity whereas nation is a socio-cultural entity like that of the so called, “ tigrai-tigrini,” Or, “ Agazian”

Eritrea became independent and has gotten international recognition ኣህጉራዊ ተፈላጥነት in 1993 but has not developed internal sovereignty- ውሽጣዊ ሉዑላውነት ግን የብላን the criteria of state. These criteria are the state’s physical basis,ኣካላዊ/ መረታዊ መሰረት  the institutions of the state ሃገራዊ ትካላት and the idea of state ሃገራዊ ሰነ-ሓሳብ.

 According to Buzan, “a state contains three inter-linked components.

  1. The physical basis of the state include defined territory ውሱን ዶብ, population,ሕዝቢ resources and wealth. ምንጭታትን ሃብትን ሃገር።

    Why did the EPLF/PFDJ not declare the boundaries of Eritrea? Is Eritrea only Tigrinya-speaking christian nation?

  1. The institutions of state comprise the whole machinery of government, including its executive, legislative, administrative, and judicial bodies as well as the laws, procedures and norms by which they operate.” Why did the EPLF/ PFDJ against institution building?
  1. The Idea of state: the idea of state is the most vital component of the state, essential to its coherence and purpose, as it provides the mechanism for persuading citizens to subordinate themselves to the state’s authority, strong and vividly held ideas to unite the state into an entity and provide the necessary socio-political cohesion, which gives legitimacy to the state entity.

The two main sources for the idea of the state ውሕደት ሕዝብታት ኤርትራ are to be found in the idea of the people’s peaceful coexistence by organizing the ideologies of the state by the consensus of all citizens of the state politically, economically, socially, culturally and religiously. If the state fails to fulfil this idea or oppose this idea – as we now are experiencing in today’s Eritrea, then such states stand on fragile political foundations. ኤርትራ ሎሚ ኣብ ክፈርስ ዝኽእል ፖሊቲዊ ሰረት ኢያ ዘላ።

States were all the three components are clearly defined, well articulated and interconnected to sustain and support each other, are thus stronger than states with the opposite characteristics. Weak or strong state by the Eritrean definition is the opposite, for them is a state with military and security forces oppressing their citizens.

Most Eritreans for democracy discuss about how they can achieve democratic system of governance in Eritrea after the fall of the one-man rule in Eritrea. But, are the forces for democratic change in Eritrea that Eritrea has only international recognition but still has not developed the internal sovereignty.

The Eritrean Forces for freedom and change must focus on the internal sovereignty and come with constructive ideas to build a state including all nationalities in Eritrea. Internal sovereignty must not be superimposed by those who call themselves majorities, this attitude of arrogance and supremacy has failed in all African countries and its consequences has been authoritarianism and state disintegration.

Democracy is a political system where public decision-making is subject to popular control and where all citizens have an equal right to participate in this process.

What do we need to build democratic state ?

This article will try to highlight the obstacles and opportunities in building democratic state in Eritrea. Eritrea is a country emerging from armed conflicts and has no history of peace since its nationhood. At this time of struggle from dictatorship to democracy our struggle has been in social media but not on the ground.

The social media has been abused by Eritreans to defame and reject one another. These defamation and reject one another is the main obstacle challenging the Eritrean opposition in Diaspora. Let us discuss on this issues:

  1. State Characteristics, International recognition versus Internal Sovereignty- Reconstructing Eritrea.
  2. Critical role of legitimacy
  3. Civil Society and participation in state building
  4. The process of democratic transition
  5. Ethnification of politics in Eritrea- PFDJ’s modus operandi
  6. The Eritrean Political Organizations in Diaspora
  7. The role of the military and security in Eritrea
  8. Constitutional engineering and conflict management

Continues……………………….ይቅጽል

ሎሚ መዓልቲ ሰኑይ 16 መስከረም 2019 ደቂ-ኣንስትዮ ኣባላት ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዞባ ሰሜን ኣሜሪካ ብቴለ-ኮንፈረንስ ስሩዕ ወርሓዊ ኣኼባ ኣካይደን።

እዚ ኣኼባ’ዚ ስሩዕ ወርሓዊ ኣኼባ እኳ እንተኾነ፡ ድሕሪ ዕዉት ሳልሳይን ሓድነታውን ጉባኤ ሰልፊ እትኻየደ ቀዳማይ ኣኼባ ብምዃኑ ፍሉይ ኣገዳስነት ኣለዎ።

ካብ ዝተፋላለየ ቦታታት ሰሜን ኣሜሪካን ኣውስትራልያን ዝተሳተፋ ኣባላት ሰልፊ፡ ዕዉት ሓድነታዊ ጉባኤን ብድሕሪኡ ዝኸይድ ዘሎ ናይ ዞባና ናይ ምጽንባር መስርሕ መዚነን። ሰልፊ ምስ ግንባር ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ኤርትራ ሕድሪ ዘረጋገጾ ሓድነታዊ ጉዕዞ ዓቢ ስጉምቲ ንቕድሚት ምዃኑ ድሕሪ ምርግጋጽ ምስ ካልኦት ንፍትሒ ዝቃለሱ ሓይልታት ኤርትራ ተመሳሳሊ ጻዕርታት ክካየድ ከምዘለዎ ኣመልኪተን። ብዝሒ ደቂ-ኣንስትዮ ኣብ ማእከላይ ባይቶ ካብ ሓሙሽተ ናብ ሸሞንተ (ሸውዓተ ኣባላትን ሓንቲ ተጠባባቂትን) ክብ ብምባሉ ሓጎሰን ገሊጸን።

ኣብ ኩሉ ኩርናዓት ዓለም ዝኸይድ ዘሎ ናጻ ናይ ደቂ-ኣንስትዮ ምንቅስቓስን ተሳትፎ ኣባላት ሰልፍን ኣሞጒሰን።

ብዘይካ’ዚ እቲ እናሰሰነ ዝኸይድ ዘሎ ቁጽሪ ኣባላት ሰልፊ ብሓፈሻ ብፍላይ ከኣ ደቂ-ኣንስትዮ ብጣዕሚ ዘሐጉስ ምዃኑን ዝያዳ መሰረታት ሰልፊ ንክሰፍሕ ሕኑን ቃልሲ ከካይዳ ከምዝኾና ኣረጋጊጸን።

ነፍስወከፈን ነቲ ብሓላፊት ጉዳያት ደቂ-ኣንስትዮ ተመሪሑ ዝዳሎ ዘሎ ዓመታዊ ናይ ስራሕ መደባት ብሓዲሽን ሕኑን መንፈስን ኣብ ግብሪ ንምትርጓም ቅሩባት ምህላወን ኣስሚረናሉ።

ኣኼባ ብክብ ዝበለ ናይ ቃልሲ መንፈስ ተዛዚሙ።    

ብዘይ ተሳትፎ ደቂ-ኣንስትዮ ዝትከል ዲሞክራሲ የሎን!

ቤት-ጽሕፈት ጉዳያት ደቂ-ኣንስትዮ ዞባ ሰሜን ኣሜሪካ

16 መስከረም 2019

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