29 Nov 2019 - 11:09

Qatar rejects false accusations by Eritrean Information Ministry


The State of Qatar has totally rejected false accusations contained in a statement by the Eritrean Ministry of Information, stressing that Qatar has nothing to do with any factions or groups in Eritrea, a matter which the Eritrean government knows very well.

In a statement yesterday, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was surprised by the sudden issuance of the Eritrean statement by the Ministry of Information, instead of resorting to the diplomatic and legal channels that are recognised in the international community. This raises suspicion about the real intentions and the parties behind this unrealistic statement”, the Ministry’s statement noted.

The statement said that the State of Qatar had delivered a protest note in April to the Ambassador of the Republic of Eritrea to Qatar, expressing its disapproval and surprise at a similar statement issued by the Eritrean Ministry of Information.

The statement said that the Ambassador of the Republic of Eritrea to the African Union had called on the State of Qatar to mediate between his country and Djibouti in their border dispute in 2017, considering the State of Qatar was the main negotiator of the peace agreement signed between the two countries in 2010, if the Eritrean government had any doubt about the truth of these ridiculous allegations issued by the Ministry of Information,it would not have made this request.”

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs called on the Eritrean Ministry of Information to consider the facts and the roots of the problems, rather than accusations and falsification of the facts of a country where the friendly Eritrean people only have full respect and appreciation.


 الخميس ٢٨ نوفمبر ٢٠١٩ - ٠٧:٢٣ بتوقيت غرينتش 
  Foreign Minister of Quatar

قالت وزارة الخارجية القطرية أن "الاتهامات التي جاءت في بيان وزارة الإعلام الإرتيرية مرفوضة وباطلة"، مشددة على أنها "لا علاقة لها من قريب أو بعيد بأي فصائل أو جماعات في إرتيريا، وهو ما تعرفه الحكومة الإرتيرية جيداً"، بحسب بيان لها.

العالم- قطر
واضافت وزارة الخارجية القطرية، في بيان لها، اليوم الخميس، انها "تستغرب صدور البيان الإرتري المفاجئ من وزارة الإعلام تحديداً، عوضاً عن اللجوء إلى القنوات الدبلوماسية والقانونية المتعارف عليها في المجتمع الدولي، معتبرة أن ذلك يثير الريبة حول النوايا الحقيقية والأطراف التي تقف خلف هذا البيان البعيد عن الواقع"، على حد قولها.
وبينت أن "دولة قطر كانت قد سلمت مذكرة احتجاج، في أبريل الماضي، إلى سفير جمهورية إرتيريا لدى الدوحة، عبّرت فيها عن استهجانها واستغرابها من بيان مماثل كان قد صدر من وزارة الإعلام الإرتيرية".
وأوضحت أن "سفير إرتيريا لدى الاتحاد الأفريقي كان قد دعا دولة قطر إلى التوسط بين بلاده وجيبوتي في خلافهما الحدودي، في عام 2017".
وأضافت: "السفير الإرتيري اعتبر أن دولة قطر هي المفاوض الأساسي لاتفاقية السلام التي وقعت بين الدولتين عام 2010، فإذا كان هناك لدى الحكومة الإرتيرية أدنى شك في حقيقة هذه المزاعم المثيرة للسخرية التي صدرت من وزارة إعلامها لما كانت تقدمت بهذا الطلب".
ودعت وزارة الخارجية "وزارة الإعلام الإرتيرية إلى النظر في الحقائق وجذور المشاكل بدلاً من كيل الاتهامات وتزوير الوقائع لدولة لا تكنّ للشعب الإرتري الصديق إلا كل الاحترام والتقدير".
يشار إلى أن تم توقيع اتفاق بين ارتيريا وجيبوتي لتسوية النزاع الحدودي بمنطقة دميرة الحدودية على البحر الأحمر، في مارس عام 2011، والتي كانت موضع نزاع بينهما لعقود.


November 18, 2019

Social Democrats and Socialist Parties that came from all of the continents participated at the convention held in Stockholm, capital city of Sweden, on 15-17, 2019. Mr. Menghisteab Asmerom, Head of Organizational Office, and Dr. Habtemichael Teklebrhan, Head of Finance Affairs Office, attended at the convention.


Dr. Habtemichael Teklebrhan, Head of Finance Affairs Office and Mr. Menghisteab Asmerom, Head of Organizational Office, at the convention auditorium

The E.P.D.P. delegation distributed a written material that demonstrates the current abysmal condition in Eritrea to the convention attendees. The written material that was distributed to the convention participants expressively manifested the agreement forged between the Eritrean and Ethiopian leaders that failed to bring any change to Eritrea and its' people on one side and it exposed the flagrant human rights deprivation perpetrated by the regime in Eritrea on the other hand. It further elaborated that today's Eritrea like yesterday is without constitution and rule of law, a playground for a galloping sole dictator, a country characterized by absence of freedoms of press, expression, association and organization where fellow Eritreans are hunted down on the basis of their religious and political beliefs; where existence of contesting parties is denied, religious properties and establishments are confiscated and its people became a victim of migration and human traffickers. On top of that, the E.P.D.P. delegation participated in discussions and adaption of political resolutions and practical programs, electing board members and various issues regarding the Alliance and its activities all over the world. Based on the constitution of the Progressive Alliance that states one vote for one party, the E.P.D.P participated in electing board members, ratifying drafts and work programs as well.

MA electing

Mr. Menghisteab Asmerom, Head of Organizational Office, while casting his vote


It is to be remembered that the E.P.D.P. became a member of the Progressive Alliance in its inaugural congress held in May 22, 2013 at Leipzig, Germany. Following that it participated in the Progressive Alliance conventions held in Tunisia, Rotterdam (Holland) and Stockholm (Sweden).

Herein is summary reportage of the convention


Reportage of the Progressive Alliance in Stockholm city, Sweden


A convention attended by Social Democrats and Socialist Parties that came from all of the continents was held in Stockholm, capital city of Sweden, on 15-17 November 2019.

In November 15, 2019 a meeting of the administrative committee was held whereby all regular and associated members of the Progressive Alliance participated. The meeting was moderated by Mr. Johan Hassel, international secretary of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden, Mr. Constantine Woinoff, Progressive Alliance program coordinator, and Mr. Conny Reuter, General Secretary of SOLIDAR, (both from Germany) to perform the following functions.

  1. Elect a Board of 40 members to lead the Progressive Alliance for the coming 3 years. To secure gender parity in the Board, all parties and organizations are represented by a female and a male candidate. That means each party applying for a seat on the board must nominate two candidates, with at least one female representative.
  2. Discuss and ratify the draft resolutions. The committee had prepared a draft resolution which it called “Saving the two-state solution in Israel and Palestine” where it firmly acknowledged a two-state solution based on the 1967-borders and the Palestinian People’s right to self-determination. Due to the all too well known nature of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, the resolution was not ratified. Instead, it was decided that the board members including Johan Hassel, International Secretary of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden will make some amendments that will make it acceptable by both parties. Israel was represented by two organizations, The Labor Party and Meretz and Palestine was represented by Fatah and Palestinian Initiative.


Board and Leaders Meeting

The newly elected Board later convened under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister of Sweden, Mr. Stefan Löfven, to discuss and set the political guidelines, and organizational policy issues as well as to elect the Coordinator and appoint the auditor. Leaders of parties that didn’t have representative on the board were invited to participate without voting rights.

  1. Established political guidelines that govern the Progressive Alliance.
  2. Vote on new membership applications.
  3. Elected new Coordinator and Auditor; the former coordinator, Konstantin Woinoff, was replaced by Conny Reuter.
  4. Voted on a proposed agenda for political work and the agenda consisted of the following points
  • The Progressive Alliance policies in the 21st century.
  • Strategies and international alliances with Trade Unions and Civil Societies.
  • A Global deal for Climate, Jobs and Solidarity.
  • Strategies on struggles against Authoritarian and Right-wing Populist Movements.
  • Approved strategies on challenges for peace and Global Cooperation cooperation.

Plenary Session      

Stefan Löfven (photo below), Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden (SAP) and Prime Minister of Sweden welcomed all participants of the Convention at the biggest meeting hall in his opening speech. In his speech he outlined strategies for the success of the ideals of Social Democracy.


Mr Stefan Lofven, the Prime Minister of Sweden

A keynote speech on a new progressive era was delivered by Antonio Costa, Secretary General of the Socialist Party (SP) and Prime Minister of Portugal.

This was followed by a panel discussion under the theme “A new progressive era”. The panelists were:

  1. Stefan Löfven, Prime Minister of Sweden
  2. Antonio Costa, Prime Minister of Portugal
  3. Risa Hontiveros, Senator and chair of the Citizens Action Party (Akbayan), Plilippines
  4. Carlos Lopes, Professor the Mandela School, University of Cape Town
  5. Pamela Rendi-Wagner, Chair of the Social Democratic Party of Austria
  6. Olaf Scholz, Vice Chair of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and Vice Chancellor of Germany
  7. Manish Tewari, Member of Parliament and National Spokesperson of the Indian National Congress (INC)

Lofven 6

It was stated among other things that “Digital Capitalism is not simply a fate which the individual has to accept and cannot alter. We can shape the interaction of politics, industry and society to the benefit of mankind, if only the required changes are backed by a strong progressive movement”.


Climate change and a suitable society

The second panel discussion was on Climate change and a sustainable society. Among the panelists was the Swedish Minister of Finance, Magdalena Andersson.

Global deal for jobs in a digital era

Among the panelists were, Mr. Antti Rinne, leader of the Social Democratic Party and Prime Minister of Finland and Mr. Karl-Petter Thorwaldsson, President of the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO). Managing of the new digital era companies by taxation and research on digital sustainability were vividly discussed.

Peace and security

This panel was presided by Ann Linde, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sweden, Jonas Gahr Store, President of the Labour Part of Norway, Emily Thornberry, Member of Parliament, UK Labour Party, Zoran Zev, Prime Minister of North Macedonia etc. The way North Macedonia solved the conflict concerning its name was lauded and the ever illusive conflict between the Palestinians and Israel was discussed.

Progressive Alliance Award 2019 to Salahattin Demirtaş

Salahattin is the Chairman of the Social Democratic Party in Turkey currently sitting in jail in Turkey. Before handing the price to his wife Başak Demirtaş who also held final speech, a laudatory speech was given by Peter Hultqvist, The Minister of Defence of Sweden and by Sergei Stanishev, President of the Party of European Socialists. The day ended by dinner party hosted by The Social Democratic Party of Sweden and The Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO).


Welcome to The Olof Palme Annual Conference: A welcome speech delivered by Anders Ygeman, chairperson Social Democratic Party in Stockholm and Marita Ulvskog, chairperson, Olof Palme International Center followed by:

The Challenges of Social Democracy in a Globalized World

More and more countries are ruled by authoritarian and intolerant leaders. Income gaps between people are widening. The number of refugees is increasing with the number of conflicts. While Social Democracy is weakened in many places, progressive reforms are needed more than ever. How can the global social democratic movement make its comeback?

Stefan Löfven Prime Minister of Sweden was one of the panelists. The panel was moderated by Anna Sundström, Secretary General, Olof Palme International Center.

Global Justice- What does it mean?

Ann Linde, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sweden and International guest panelist. Johan Hassel, International Secretary of the Swedish Social Democratic Party was the moderator.

Just Transition – From Vision to Action

We are facing the greatest challenges of humanity – climate change. What is the labour movement’s role in the transition towards an environmentally sustainable world?

Lena Rådström-Baastad, Party Secretary, Swedish Social Democratic Party was one of the panelists and Mattias Vepsä, climate policy spokesperson, Social Democratic Part Stockholm was the moderator.

The afternoon session was conducted as follows:

  1. Three parallel Seminars on the Struggle for Democracy and Social Justice
  2. Eastern Europe and the Western Balkans
  3. Israel and Palestine
  4. Ethiopia, Tizta Abraham, activist and Ahmed Ali, Ethiopian Radio in Sweden gave a speech on the current situation in Ethiopia. Moderator was Anders Österberg, Member of Parliament, Swedish Social Democratic Party, East Africa Desk at the foreign relationS committee.

With over 100 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is Africa’s second most populous country. Authoritarian regimes have ruled the country for many years, but since the government of Prime Minister Aby Ahmed took office in the spring of 2018, a wide programme of political and economic reforms has been launched. What challenges lie ahead on the road towards a functioning democracy?

The panelists emphasized that they had high hopes on the government of Dr Abiy, but now that he has not been able to deliver what was promised and failed to take action against the killings and the aggressive Islamic activist Jawar, they have lost confidence and even insinuated that Abiy might commit genocide. They gave a dismal report on the future of Ethiopia. Naturally, the EPDP delegation attended this session and was given the opportunity to comment or ask questions (an opportunity which was not given to other participants). The delegation stated that almost all Eritreans were also excited about the coming of Abiy Ahmed. We all hoped that the democratic changes in Ethiopia might bring changes in Eritrea too. Our hope was dashed by the fact that Prime Minister Abiy signed treaties and agreements with the dictator without any consideration to the needs of the Eritrean people. Finally the EPDP delegation asked the following questions: 1. you stated that Premier Abiy might use force and commit genocide, does he really have the power to order the army considering that most of the military power is in the regional administration areas, kilils? 2. With all the violence taking place in Ethiopia today, do you believe that liberal democracy can be established in our area?     3. In hindsight, do you regret that the Ethiopian elites especially the Amharas pushed the previous TPLF dominated government of Ethiopia too much starting the day they assumed power?

Upon which Ahmed responded briefly as follows: 1. that is the problem, he has no power and we really don’t know what he will or might do. 2. Yes why not, we are also humans. 3. No, they were murderers.

  1. Three parallel Seminars on the mobilization of a progressive counterforce
    1. Democracy under attack
    2. The situation in Turkey and Syria
    3. Progress and Backlash for Gender Equality
  1. Three parallel Seminars on Common Security, Dialogue for Peace
    1. Dual threats-Nuclear Weapons and Climate Change
    2. Social Dialogue
    3. Women, Peace and Security

In the social dialogue session, conversation on how social dialogue can advance peacebuilding and democracy was discussed by taking examples from the Somali and Swedish trade union movement. Osmar Faruk Osman, Secretary General, Federation of Somali Trade Unions and Mohamed Said, Somali National Association in Sweden presented their experiences. Oscar Ernerot, Swedish Trade Union Confederation moderated the discussion. It was heartwarming to hear that the Somali trade union had established a harmonious relationship to the government after eight years of struggle.

  1. Global trends and Common Responses

Jan Eliasson

Jan Eliasson, former Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs and former Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations gave his thoughts and experiences moderated by Anna Sundström.

The day was concluded by Solidarity mingle and dinner.

أصدرت وزارة إعلام النظام الإريتري اليوم 28 نوفمبر بياناً احتوى على 10 نقاط فصلت ما قالت إنه مخطط قطري يستهدف استقرار إريتريا. في سطره الأخير حمل البيان قطر مسؤولية الأحداث القبلية التي شهدتها بورتسودان مؤخراً. في اعتقادي أن السطر الأخير هو الهدف الرئيس من إصدار البيان ولأن النظام ليس لديه ما يقوله هنا فقد جاء في البيان إن تفاصيل على علاقة بالموضوع ستنشر قريباً.
فيما لي بعض الملاحظات حول البيان:
1- يأتي البيان في إطار سياسة جديدة بدأها النظام عقب ما حدث في 21 يناير 2013 عندما وصف الذين تحركوا في ذلك اليوم في اجتماعات مغلقة لمؤيديه بأنهم إسلاميون كانوا يريدون استلام السلطة. وقد خرجت هذه السياسة إلى العلن عندما انضم النظام لمحور السعودية – الإمارات المعادي للإسلام السياسي في 2015 كنوع من الابتزاز للحصول على المال والدعم السياسي من حلفائه.
2- توقيت هذا البيان يأتي فغي ظل المساعي التي تُبذل من أجل تحقيق السلام في السودان وفي إطار المنافسة مع قطر التي كانت قد استضافت مفاوضات سلام دارفور بينما استضاف هو مفاوضات شرق السودان.
3- التخويف بالإسلام السياسي موجه أولا للحليف الإقليمي للحصول على المزيد من الدعم المالي والسياسي ولقوى إعلان الحرية والتغيير في السودان لإيجاد أرضية للعمل معها حول ملف السلام.
4- البيان موجه أيضاً إلى الحكومة السودانية لصرف انتباهها عن حقيقة دور النظام الإرتري في شرق السودان وقد يكون للبيان علاقة بنتائج زيارة حمدوك الأخيرة ومباحثاته حول ملف السلام.
5- أخيراً البيان يأتي في إطار نفس سياسات النظام التحريضية وسط قواعده التي تستند إلى التخويف الطائفي وتشويه المعارضة الإريترية وللتغطية على انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان الفظيعة التي ارتكبها ضد الشعب الإريتري والتي لا يزال يرتكبها.


November 29, 2019


In Solidarity with the Catholic Church of Eritrea and Victims of Religious Persecution in Eritrea

We, Eritrean-Canadians and friends from all parts of Canada, are holding a rally in front of Parliament Hill in Ottawa, 111 Wellington St, to protest the actions taken by the Eritrean government against religious institutions, especially against the confiscation of schools and health centers of the religious institutions. Similar widespread rallies were held in many parts of the world, including the USA and UK.

According to the UN, the Eritrean government has committed crimes against humanity in a widespread and systematic manner, including rape, enslavement and murder. Severe restrictions against religious institutions continued unabated. Thousands of Pentecostals remain in detention. Eritrean Muslims face severe persecution. The highly-respected nonagenarian, Haj Musa, died in prison in March 2018. The 90-year old Patriarch Antonios, the head of the Eritrean Orthodox Church, was forcibly removed from his position and remains in house arrest. 

Instead of introducing the much-anticipated domestic reforms after the peace deal with Ethiopia signed in July 2018, sadly, the government instead felt emboldened to intensify its repressive measures. The mandatory forced national conscription of young Eritreans is still in place. The ratified constitution of 1997 remains unimplemented. In the aftermath of the peace accord, more than 20, 000 Eritreans fled Eritrea and crossed into Ethiopia and Sudan to seek refugee protection. 

The Catholic Church has a long record of providing vital health and education services to the poor and vulnerable segment of the Eritrean population. When the Eritrean Catholic church called for peace and reconciliation, the government launched a military raid on June 12, 2019. With this military raid, the government forcefully confiscated schools and health centers of all faith groups, which includes 29 Catholic Church health centers and seven schools that have been serving people of all faith for more than a century. The Bishops have written a persuasive letter opposing the actions and pleaded the authorities to return their properties. As the Catholic Bishops put it, “seizure of the educational and health institutions are contrary to the rights and the legitimate freedom of the Church and heavily limit the exercise of the postulates of faith, mission and social services.” To date, their plea has fallen on deaf ears.

The Eritrean Catholic Church is now confined to its church buildings and is prohibited from its rights to offer free health care and education. Moreover, hundreds of thousands of vulnerable Eritreans, including pregnant women, the elderly and children residing in remote areas, are denied to access these vital services.

Through our rally, we would like to express our solidarity with the Catholic Bishops, Patriarch Antonios and all the victims of religious persecution in Eritrea. Faith groups in Eritrea are facing persecution and restrictions unseen in their long and illustrious history. They need the support of

the international community, the Canadian public and the government. Moreover, the Eritrean people need and deserve the full services of their religious institutions.

Hence, we request the Canadian government to remain seized of the matter and to use its resources at its disposal to: 

  1. Request the Eritrean government to reverse its decision to close and confiscate, healthcare centers, clinics and hospitals run by the Catholic Church and other religious institutions in Eritrea.
  2. Free all individuals or groups incarcerated or placed under house arrest, due to their faith in Eritrea;
  3. Respect and follow international human rights laws, religious freedoms & liberty, and implement the rule of law in Eritrea.  

Yours Sincerely,

Organizing Committee

Eritrean Catholic Gee`z Rite Chaplaincy










Thursday, 28 November 2019 21:18

radio Dimtsi Harnnet kassel 28112019

Written by

7 December 2019

ናይ ኢትዮጵያ ጠቕላይ ሚኒስተር ኣብይ ኣሕመድ ብ 10 ጥቅምቲ 2019 ኣብ ኣዲስ ኣበባ ንኤርትራ ወኪሉ ንኽዛረብ ካብ ኢሳይስ ኣፍወርቂ ውክልና ከም ዝተዋህቦ ብወግዒ ብምእዋጁ: ናይ ኤርትራ ፖሊቲካ ውድባትን ደለይቲ ፍትሒ ዝውክላ ማሕበራትን ብሓባር ናይ ተቛውሞ መግለጺ ምውጽአን ይዝከር። ካብዚ ብምብጋስ እውን ካብተን ተቛውመአን ብሓባር ዘመዝገባ ውድባት ሰለስተ፣

  1. ኤርትርዊ ሃገራዊ ባይቶ ንደምክርያስያዊ ለውጢ
  2. ሰልፊ ደሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ
  3. ውድብ ሓድነት ኤርትራውያን ንፍትሒ: ንህዝቢ መግለጽን መብርህን ክህባ ኢየን።

ዕለት:- 7 december 2019

ግዜ:- 12.30-15.00

ቦታ:- Mission Kyrka st. Olofgatan 40 Uppsala

ብድሓን ምጹ

ኣድላዊ:- ኤርትራዊ ማሕበር ንደሞክራስን ሰብኣዊ መሰላትን

         ኣብ ኡፕስላን ከባቢኡን።

Under construction: Lamu port will have 32 terminals, one of which will be owned by Ethiopia, which has stakes in several other ports in the region, including Doraleh, Djibouti and Berbera.
23 November 2019

Ethiopia will own one of the berths in Kenya's Lamu port, and the two countries are working to speed up the issue of the title deed.

"When President Uhuru Kenyatta visited Ethiopia in March, Prime Minister Ahmed Abiy discussed with him the issue of a title deed for the land we've been allocated in Lamu where the berth will sit, and he undertook to have it speeded up," Ethiopia's ambassador to Kenya Meles Alem, told The EastAfrican in Nairobi.

President Kenyatta was in Addis Ababa in early March as a head of a large business delegation, and Prime Minister Abiy presided over a two-day Kenya-Ethiopia Trade and Investment Forum in the Ethiopian capital.

Over 400 business leaders from Kenya and Ethiopia attended the investment forum.

The two leaders said at the forum that the Lamu Port-South Sudan-Ethiopia Transport Corridor (Lapsset), was central to the unlocking of the economic potential not just of their two countries, but of the entire East African region.

Progress on the Lapsset Corridor project, a vast undertaking of ports, pipelines, roads, and railways serving Kenya, Ethiopia, and South Sudan in the first phase, had been halting until the uptick in recent months.

In October, Kenya completed the first berth of the Ksh32 billion ($320 million) Lamu Port, and construction of a second berth is underway.

When completed, Lamu port will have 32 berths, with Kenya betting that would give it the edge in the intense port race along the Bab el-Mandab (which connects the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden), and the Indian Ocean lane from Mogadishu to Maputo.

Mr Meles however denied suggestions reported in The EastAfrican that Ethiopia's recent rapprochement with erstwhile foe Eritrea, and stake and investment in several Horn of Africa ports, meant it was turning its back on Lamu and Lapsset.

Ethiopia has stakes in Doraleh, Port of Djibouti, Khartoum's largest seaport, Port Sudan, and has invested $80 million for a 19 per cent stake in Somaliland's port of Berbera, and is also seeking a holding in Eritrea's Assab port.

"Ethiopia is a country of 110 million people, and the Lamu port will be particularly critical for us in serving the southern part of our country," Mr Meles said.

"Kenya and Ethiopia have the longest standing mutual defence pact between two African countries, so our strategic interests have a long history and endure", he said. "With a title deed, we should be able not just to invest in Lamu, but more widely in Lapsset," Meles added.

The Kenya-Ethiopia Defence Pact was signed in 1964 between Kenya's founding president Jomo Kenyatta, and Ethiopia's Emperor Haile Selassie.

Kenyatta and Selassie were very close, with the former enabling the latter to get a large piece of land a spitting distance from State House Nairobi to build the Ethiopian embassy.

The Kenyan Embassy in Addis Ababa is closer to the National Palace, located next to the major bigger Embassies such as Russia and Belgium.

Security angle

Meles couldn't be drawn to comment on the wider state of geopolitics in the Horn of Africa, but analysts say the 55-year-old defence pact, and the proliferation of foreign military bases in the Horn of Africa, mean that in the long-term, Lamu will present to Ethiopia a level of security other ports don't.

Ethiopia is the largest landlocked country by population in the world. Within the country's national security establishment, there is unease about the proliferation of foreign military bases in the Horn.

There are 10 military bases in the Horn of Africa, with six in Djibouti by the US, France, Italy, Japan, China and Saudi Arabia.

Eritrea hosts the United Arab Emirates base, and a Russian logistics base is also forming there. Somalia hosts a Turkish military training base, while the semi-autonomous territory of Somaliland hosts UAE's second base.

A berth at Lamu sitting on land that it owns, would give Ethiopia tremendous ability to hedge against strategic risk, in ways other Horn of Africa don't.

Indeed the ongoing new foreign policy debate in Addis calls for a stake over the Red Sea and, and diplomatic sources say Ethiopia also wants to launch a naval force. Such a force could, foreseeably, be based in Lamu.

Domestic demands

Ethiopia is currently one of Africa's fastest growing economies and, though landlocked, also has the continent's largest state-owned shipping line.

Prime Minister Abiy's reforms, have also opened the doors for long-pent up grievances and local nationalist demands to explode.

There are several new demands for regional autonomy, and more protests than can be counted on the finger tips. The country needs dramatic economic growth and creation of opportunities to soak up many of those demands.

Ethiopians with a sense of history will also be mindful that the domestic price for disruption in the Bab el-Mandab, and further north, can be high.

Scholars have noted that the 1967-75 Suez Canal closure, during the Egypt-Israel conflict had far reaching impact on world trade with a major increase in shipping costs from the Middle East, Asia and East Africa to Europe, and hit Ethiopia hard.

The resulting economic downturn contributed to unrest and the 1974 revolution that ousted Emperor Selassie. And that was at a time when Eritrea was still part of Ethiopia and it had a port. Now it doesn't.

Owning a small slice of terminal in Lamu port, even in a foreign land, would likely be a better deal for Ethiopia in the long term, than being a paying tenant at the mercy of a landlord in a vast port anywhere else.


ዲክታቶራት ካብ ዝፈርሕዎ ብዙሕ ጉዳያት፡ ናይቲ ዝጭቁንዎ ህዝቢ ሓድነት ቀንዲ እዩ። ከምኡ ስለ ዝኾነ ከኣ ኣብቲ ናይ ወጽዓ ወንበሮም ምእንቲ ዕድሚኦም ከናውሑ ፍሉይ ቆላሕታ ሂቦም ዝሰርሕሉ ብዝተጸንዐን ቀጻልን ኣገባብ ናይቲ ዝገዝእዎ ህዝቢ ሕድሕዳዊ ምትእምማን ኣዳኺምካ ምፍልላዩ እዩ።

ዲክታቶራት ሓድነት ህዝቢ ንምብታንን ናይ ሕድሕድ ምትእምማኑ ንምድኻምን ዝመርጽዎ ቀንዲ ሜላ ነቲ ብግቡእ ምምሕዳርን ምጽውዋርን ክተሓዝ እንከሎ ናይ ህዝቢ ዓቕሚ ምንጭን መልክዕን ዝኾነ ብዙሕነት ምምዝማዝ እዩ። ካብቶም መግለጺ ብዙሕነት ህዝብና ዝኾኑ ሃይማኖት፡ ባህሊ፡ ቋንቋ፡ ጾታ፡ ከባብያዊ ኣሰፋፍራ፡ ዕድመ፡ ናይ ስራሕ ምክፍፋል፡ ገጠርን ከተማን ካልእን እቶም ቀንዲ ከም ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ዝኣመሰሉ ዲክታተራት ሓድነት ህዝቢ ንምልሕላሕን ምድኻምን ዝጥቀምሎም መዳያት እዮም።

ዲክታቶራት ነዚ ቀጻልነቶምን ዘይቀጻልነቶምን ዝውስን ዕማም ብሃንደበት ዝፍጽምዎ ዘይኮነ፡ “ኣይናይ እዩ ብቐሊሉ ተባሊሑ ሓድነት ህዝቢ ዝብትን?” ዝብል ሕቶ ዝምልስ እኩይ መጽናዕቲ ብምክያድ፡ ነዚ ዝበቅዕ በታኒ ዓቕሚ ሰብ ብምምዳብን ርቡሕ ንዋት ብምስላዕን እዩ። ኣብ ኣተገባብራ ከኣ ንሓንሳብ ንሓደ ስምዒት ንበይኑ መዚዞም ሰማይ ኣዕሪጎም ይጥቀሙ። ብድርብ ዝጥቀምሉ ግዜ እውን ኣሎ። በቲ ቅድም ዝሓዝዎ ሜላ ምድማዕ ምስ ሰኣኑ ከኣ እዋናዊ ኩነታት ርእዮም ካልእ መንገዲ ይቕይሱ። ኣብዚ እኩይ ተግባሮም ከምቲ ዝደልይዎ ከድምዑ ዝኽእሉ ግና እቲ ህዝቢ ነቲ ጉዳይ ክነቕሓሉ ክሳብ ዝኽእል ጥራይ እዩ። ህዝቢ ኣብ ልዕልቲ ምስጢር ሓያልነቱ ዝኾነ ሓድነቱ ዝእለም ተንኮል ምዃኑ ምስተረደአ ግና፡ ወዮ ዲክታተር ውዲታቱ ተቓሊዑ፡ ኣብ ጐልጐል ዝወግሖ ዝብኢ እዩ ዝኸውን። ሎሚ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዳርጋ ኩሉ ብዝበሃል ደረጃ ነቲ ኣብ ሃገርና ዘሎ ዘሕዝንን ኣብ ቃልሲ ክትሕርን ዝድርኽን ኩነታት ኣስተብሂሉ፡ “ህግዲፍ ንጥፍኣተና ዝተላእከ ጉጅለ እዩ” ክብል ምኽኣሉ ከኣ ናይዚ ኣብነት እዩ።

ህግዲፍ ኣብ ልዕሊ ሓደ እምነት መጥቃዕቲ ክፍጽም እንከሎ፡ እቶም ካለኦት ኣመንቲ “እዚ ንዓና ዝምልከት ኣይኮነን” ብዝብል ድምጾም ክሓብኡ እዩ ዝጽዕር። እዚ ኣብቲ ህዝቢ ምድግጋፍን ሓድነትን ከይዓኩኽ ካብ ዝብል ዝጥቀሞ ሜላ እዩ። ካብ ነዊሕ ግዜ ጀሚሩ ኣብ ኦርተደኩሳዊት ቤተ-ክርስትያን ኤርትራ ኢዱ ኣእትዩ ክሳብ ምምዛዝን ምውራድ ፓትርያርክታት ኣብ ዝበጸሓሉ፡ እቲ ካልእ እምነታት ዝስዕብ ህዝቢ ድምጹ ከየስምዕ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ “ንዓኻትኩም ስለ ዘይምልከት ኣፍኩም ሓዙ” ዝትሕዝቶኡ ስቱር ምልዕዓላት ኣካይዱ። ቀጺሉ ኣብ ጉዳይ ምስልምና ኣትዩ ቤት ትምህርቲ ምዕጻውን ምእሳር ዓገብ ንዝበሉ መራሕትን ሰዓብትን ምስ ኣካየደ፡ ናብቶም ካለኦት ኣመንቲ ዝነዝሖ ተመሳሳሊ ሰላሕታዊ መልእኽቲ ነይሩ። ኣብዚ ቀረባ እዋን ትካላት ካቶሊካዊት ቤተ-ክርስትያን ኤርትራ ክወርስ እንከሎ እውን ከምኡ።

እዚ ኣቐዲሙ ዝተጠቕሰ ሕልሚ ህግዲፍ እዩ። ብግብሪ ግና ሕልሙ ከምቲ ዝደልዮ ኣይተጋህደን። ምኽንያቱ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ “ጽባሕ እውን ነዓይ” ብዝብል ናይ ግዜ ጉዳይ እንተዘይኮኑ እቲ መርኣያ ከፋፊልካ ግዛእ ዝኾነ ወጽዓ ናብ ኩሉ ከም ዝልሕም ናይ ግድን ምንባሩ ተረዲኡ ኣንጻርቲ ኣብ ኩለን ሃይማኖታዊ ትካላት ዝተፈጥረ በደል ብሓባር፡ ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ኮነ ኣብ ወጻኢ ብልዑል ድምጺ “ዓገብ” ይብል ኣሎ። እዚ ንዝርደኦ ስርዓት ኢደእግሩ ኣኪቡ ስልጣን ናብ ዋናኡ ህዝቢ ከረክብ ዘጠንቅቕ እዩ። ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ግና ሓንሳብን ንሓዋሩን ስለ ዝሰኸረ፡ በዘይካቲ ንሱ ዝሓስቦ ብጋህዲ ይኹን ብስዉር ዝንገሮ መልእኽቲ ዝቕበል ኣይኮነን።

ኣብዚ ነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ ብዘይካቲ እዚ ኣቐዲሙ ዝተዘርዘረ ብዙሕነትና፡ ጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ሓድነት ህዝብና መፍረሲ ከይጥቀመሉ ክንገብሮ ዝግበኣና ጥንቃቐ፡ ኣብ ፖለቲካዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ሓድነትና ናይ ምድልዳል ሓላፍነት እውን ኣሎና። ህግደፍ ፖለቲካዊ ኣተሓሳባና ከይሰጥም እውን ካልእ ዝሰርሓሉ እዩ። ገሌና ደገፍቲ ገሌና ተቓወምቲ ተበሃሂልና ክንናቖት ይሰርሕ። ገሌና ህግድፍ መወዳድርቲ ዘየብሉ ዲክታተር ስለ ዝኾነ ክውገድ ኣለዎ ክንብል፡ ገሌና ከኣ ከምቲ ንሱ ክበሃለሉ ዝደልዮ ሃገር ዘምጸአን ሃገር ዝሕሉን ንሱ ስለ ዝኾነ ይንበረልና ደኣ ክንብል ይጽበ። ነቲ ኣንጻር ወጻዒ ፖሊሲ ህግዲፍ ዝቃለስ ዘሎ ኣካል ገሌና ናይ ለውጢ ሓይሊ፡ ገሌና ድማ ናይ ወያነ ልኡኽ ወይ 5ይ መስርዕ ክንብሎ እሞ ኣቕጣጫና ስሒትና  ክንበኣሰሉ ይደልን ይሰርሓሉን።

ሎሚ ግና ህግዲፍ ኣብዚ መዳይ እዚ እውን ተሳዒሩ እዩ። ንህግዲፍ ዝድግፍ፡ ዝንእድ፡ ይንበረልና ዝብል ድምጺ ኣዝዩ ቅሂሙ እዩ። እቲ ኣዝዩ ትሑት ሰብ ከይሰምዖ እንዳፈረሐ ንህግዲፍ ዝንእድ ድምጽታት  ብብሕታዊ ረብሓታትን ሓለፋታት ዘውህብ ስልጣንን ዝተላዕጠጠ እዩ። ብኣንጻሩ እቲ ህግዲፍ ዲክታተርን ጸረ-ህዝብን እዩ፡ ህግዲፍን ናይ ጭቆና መሳርሒ ትካላቱን ይወገዱ፡ ኣብ መቓብሩ ከኣ ሕገ-መንግስታውን ብዙሕነታውን ዲሞክራስያዊ ስርዓት ይተኸል ዝብል ድምጺ ኣብ ኩሉ ኤርትራውያን ዘለዉሉ ከባብታት ዓለም ይሃምም ኣሎ። እቲ ኣብ ኩሉ ኩርነዓት ኣንጻር ህግዲፍ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ናይ ተቓውሞ ሰልፍታት ክሳብ ክንደይ ብዙሓት የሳትፍን ብኤርትራዊ ብዙሕነት ይውቅብን ከም ዘሎ ምዕዛብ ይከኣል። ስለዚ ሓድነትና፡ ዲክታተር እንስዕረሉ መሳርሒና ስለ ዝኾነ፡ ኣትኪልና ክንሰርሓሉ ዝግበኣና ናይ ምዕዋትና ቅደመ-ኩነት እዩ።

ቅድሚ ሎሚ ንፖለቲካ ናይ ዝኾነት ትኹን ሃገር ዘማዕብል ህላዌ ኣብዘሓ ሰልፍታት ኣግዳስነቱ ዕዙዝ ምዃኑ ብዙሕ ግዜ ተዘሪቡን ተጻሒፉን እዩ። ካብ የማን ክሳብ ጸጋም ወይ ትሒዘ-ጸኒሓዊ ኣተሓሳስባ ዘለወን ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ክምስረታ ኣድላይነት ኣለዎ። እዚ ምስረታ እዚ ግን ብሕጊ ናይታ ሃገር ዝወጸ ቅዋም ተገዚኤን ክኸዳን ከማልእኦ ዘለወን እውን ከማልኣ ግዱዳት እየን። ይኹን እምበር እዚ ናይ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ኤርትራ ኣብ ዘይንቡር ህላዌ ስለዝርከባ  ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ጥራይ  ክምስረታ ኣለወን ኢልና ክንገትአን ናይ ግድን ኣይኮነን።

ሰልፍታት እምበኣር ናይ ምብዘሐን ዘይኮነ ከዛርብ ዝግበኦ፥ እንታይ ደኣ ነየናይ ዕላማን ፖለቲካዊ ምሕደራን እየ ተወዲበን ዝነጥፋ ዘይምፍላጥ እዩ እቲ ዓቢ ጸገም። ስለዚ እቲ ህዝቢ መጀመርያ ንኣድላይነት ሰልፍታት፡ ጥቕመንን ጉድኣተንን ከጽንዕን ህላዌን ክኣምንን ክፈልጥ ይግባእ። ብድብድቡ ሰልፍታት ክህልዋ ኢልና ጥራይ ህዝቢ ዘይፈልጠን እንተኾይኑ ግና ዋጋ ክህልወን ኣይኮነን። ምኽንያቱ መላእ ህዝቢ ናይ ሓንቲ ሃገር ኣብ ሰልፍታት ክስለፍ ወይ ኣባል ክኸውን ኣይክእልን እዩ። ንኣብነት ኣብ ሆላንድ  ዝቕመጥ ብዝሒ ህዝቢ ኣስታት 17 ሚልዮን ኣቢሉ ይኸውን። ካብዚ ብዝሒ ህዝቢ እዚ፡ እቲ ናይ ሰልፊ ዕዮ ዳርጋ 45,000 ኣባላት ኣለውዎ። ኣብተን ዘለዋ ካልኦት ሰልፍታት ውን ካብዚ ናይ ሰልፊ ዕዮ ዝበዝሕ ኣባልነት የብለንን።

ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ኣብ ንሓድሕደን ብፖለቲካዊ ስነሓሳብ ክዋጠጣን ክካትዓን ግቡእ እዩ፥ ነዚ ገዲፈን ክጸላለማ፡ ዕግርግር ክፈጥራን ንህዝቢ ብዝፈላሊ ኣገባብ ክዋሳኣን ግን ብሕጊ የኽስሰንን ክሳብ ንሰልፈን ዝእገድ ደረጃ’ውን ይበጽሕ እዩ። እቲ ዘይንቡር ህላዌ ሰልፍታት ግን ኩሉ ከም ድላዩ ኣፉ ዝሃቦ ናይ ገዛእ ርእሱ ፍልስፍናን ስሚዒታዊ ራኢኡን ክዝርግሕ ይረአን ይስማዕን ኣሎ። ልክዕ እዩ  ዘይነኣድ ባሀሪ  ወይ ኣሉታዊ ጎኒ ናይ ሰልፍታት ክህሉ ናይ ግድን እዩ። ምኽንያቱ ባህርያዊ ተፈጥሮ ደቂ ሰባት ስለዝኾነ። ይኹን እምበር ካብ ሰልፍታት እንታይ ረብሓ ኣሎ እዩ እቲ ኣገዳሲ ክፍለጥ ዘለዎ ነጥቢ።

ሰልፍታት ምስቲ ኩሉ ጉድለታተን መንግስትን ህዝብን ዘራኽባ ኢየን። ማለት እቲ መንግስቲ ንድሌት ህዝቢ ዘየማልእን በቲ ቅዋም ተማእዚዙ ምስዘይከይድን እተን ሰልፍታት ነቲ ፖለቲካዊ ኩነታት ናብ ህዝቢ ንምብጻሕን፥ ህዝቢ ክርደኦ ንምግባርን ይጽዕራ። በዚ ኣቢልን ድማ ህዝብን ሰልፍታትን ነቲ መንግስቲ ተጽዕኖ ይገብርሉ። ነቲ ህዝቢ ዘጽደቖ ሃገራዊ ቅዋምን ስልጣን ከይበሓትን  እውን ይከላኸላሉ። ህላዌ ሰልፍታት ዋላ ኣብ ደገ ይኹን ኣገዳሲ እዩ።

ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ካብቲ ቀንዲ ዝህበኦ ጠቕሚ ውደባ እዩ። ውደባ ድማ ተካላዊ ኣሰራርሓን ቀጥዕን ስለ ዘለዎ፥ ንነፍሲ ወከፍ ሰብ ነቲ ንሱ ዝኣምነሉ ስርዓተ-ምሕደራን ስነሓሳብን ዘተኣናግድ እዩ። እዘን ሰልፍታት እዚአን ነቲ ዘለወን ፖለቲካዊ ሰነሓሳብ ኣብ ህዝቢ ሸይጠን፥ በቲ ህዝቢ ዝህበን ደገፍን ድምጽን ይምዘና። ስለዚ ሓደ ሰልፊ ኣብ ደገ ይሃሉ ኣብ ውሽጢ እቲ ዕላማኡ ንህዝብን ሃገርን ዘርብሕ ዲዩ ኣየርብሕን ዝመዝኖ እቲ ህዝቢ ካብ ኮነ፥ እቲ ህዝቢ ድማ ብአአን ኣቢሉ ኣተሓሳስባኡ ከማዕብልን ፖለቲካዊ ተሳትፎ ክህልዎን ሰልፍታት ብኢደ ወነነን ናብ ስልጣን ክመጻ ከምዘይክእላ ውህብ እዩ። ኣብዚ ግደ ሲቭላዊ ማሕበራትን ምንቅስቓሳትን ዓቢ እጃም ኣለወን። ንሱ ድማ ነቲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ክትከል ዝድለ ንጹር ዝኾነ ስርዓተ-ምሕደራን፥ ንህዝቢ ብዛዕባ ዲሞክራሲያዊ መከላትን ሰብኣዊ መሰላትን ምስትምሃርን፥ ሕብረተሰብ ኤርትራ ብምሉኡ ሰላማውን ፍትሓውን ኮይኑ ዝህነጸሉ ብዕቱብ ክነጥፋ ይግበአን።

እምበኣርከ ብተዘዋዋሪ ይኹን ብቕጥታ ጸረ-ህላዌ ሰልፍታት ምኻድ ወይ እውን ኣየድልያን እየን ምባል፥ መጀመርያ ስነፍልጠታዊ ኣይኮነን ካልኣይ ድማ ንረብሓ ህዝቢ ኣይኮነን። ምኽንያቱ ውደባ ኢዩ ንናይ ዝተፈላለየ ፖለቲካዊ ሓሳባት ዘቕርብን ህዝቢ ድማ ካብቲ ፖለቲካዊ ሓሳብ ሰኒቑ ሚዛኑ ኣብ ልዕሊ ሰልፍታት ከንብር ባይታ ዝረክብ። ሎሚ ሎሚ ንፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ብህዝባዊ ምንቅስቓሳት ይኹን ናይ ጸቕጢ ጉጅለታት ወይ እውን ዘይመንግስታውያን ትካላት ከም ተካእቲ ኰይነን ዝንቀሳቐሳሉ ይመስል ኣሎ። በዚ መስረት እዩ ድማ እቲ ህዝባዊ ምንቅስቓስ ከምቲ መልክዕ ናይ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ክውደብ ወይ ምስቲ ፖለቲካዊ መደብ ዕዩ ናይ  ዝቖማ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ዝመሳሰል ኣገባብ ዝሕዝ ዘሎ። ስለዚ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ይኹና ህዝባዊ ምንቅስቓሳት ዝኸድኦ መስርሕ ዝመሳሰል ካብ ኮነ፥ ክልቲኡ ድማ ኣብ ደገ ካብ ሃለወ፡ ሓደን ኣድማዒ እቲ ካልእ ድማ ዘየድምዕ ገርካ ምውሳድ ቅኑዕ ኣይኮነን። ምኽንያቱ ኩሉ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት ይኹን ህዝባዊ ወይ ሲቪላዊ ምንቅስቓሳት ፖለቲካዊ ውደባ ዝብል ኣተሓሳስባ ዝሓዘለ ስለዝኾነ።

ስለዚ ነቲ ኩሉ መስርሕ ናይ ሰልፍታትን ማሕበራትን በቲ ቅኑዕ ትርጓሚኡን ኣቋቑማኡን ተኸቲሉ ምስዝጎዓዝ ተመላላእትን ተደጋገፍትን ኰይኖም ንዲሞክራሲያውነት ምድልዳልን ንምውሓስን፡ ምልኪ ንኸይስዕርር እውን ዓቢ ኣስተዋጽኦ ምሃለወን። ካብኡ ሓሊፉ እቲ መስርሕ ኣብ መንጎ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታትን ሲቪላዊ ማሕበራትን ካልኦት ጉጅለታትን ብዓይኒ ምውድዳር እንተተዋሲኦም ንጹር ዘይኮነ ናይ ስልጣን ውድድር እዩ ክኸውን።

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