Please sign this petition at change.org here is the link http://chng.it/K4WqDKNw

Below attached is the flyer and the tigrinya version of the petition. 

Adiam Haile-Rufael

Solidarity with Eritrean Bishops, Nuns, Clergy & People of Eritrea

In the month of June, 2019 the Eritrean PFDJ regime, led by Isaias Afwerki, confiscated all Hospitals, medical centers and clinics run by the Catholic Church. According to the Eritrean Catholic Secretariat communique, this year alone 21 healthcare centers were confiscated and in previous years 8 were nationalized; resulting in 29 healthcare centers forcibly seized by the Eritrean government. These healthcare centers were almost exclusively in rural areas and small towns, where government healthcare is virtually nonexistent. It is important to note that “approximately 200,000 patients a year seek medical treatments at Catholic medical centers in Eritrea (Fr. Mussie Zerai, Global Sisters Report)." The Catholic Church in Eritrea provided healthcare services to all citizens regardless of their religious background and it ran 20% of the country’s healthcare system. In the last two years, the government closed the Holy Savior Secondary School, a seminary preparatory high school jointly administered by the four Eparchies, and religious congregations in the capital city of Asmara. The Catholic Bishops, nuns, and clergy serve the most vulnerable members of the society: the sick, poor, the elderly, women and children, and run orphanages, also maternity wards all over Eritrea. The recent forcible seizure and closure of Catholic Church run hospitals and medical facilities has left patients stranded without medical treatments, many of them in need of dire medical attention. Simultaneously, the medical staff and administrators, which include the religious (nuns) and clergy were evicted and forcibly evacuated from the healthcare premises, where they resided. The steps taken by the Eritrean regime is counter institutive and insensitive to the needs of the citizens, especially the vulnerable. 

Through its social services arm, the Eritrean Catholic Secretariat (ERCS), the Catholic Church, in Eritrea has a long tradition of commitment to the human development; serving the people’s economic, social and health needs without discrimination or religious preference. However, the Eritrean regime has been running a low intensity persecution of the Catholic Church for more than 25 years; and the recent actions committed by the regime is not new to the Eritrean Catholic Church. Though the Eritrean regime claims to be secular; respecting religious freedom, and its stance towards religious liberty has been antagonistic. For example, the first targets of religious persecution were, the Jehovah’s Witness, Pentecostals, Evangelicals, 7th Day Adventists, etc. These denominations have had established Churches in Eritrea for decades. The Eritrean regime has also deposed the duly elected Patriarch of the Eritrean Orthodox Church, Abune Antonios (90 years old) and placed him under house arrest. Another notable figure, the honorable Sheikh Haji Musa Mohammednur, who was 93 years old, was also arrested, jailed by the Eritrean regime, and subsequently died in a prison, in Asmara, on March 1, 2018, for his resistance and strong stand against the regime´s oppressive policies. Yet the regime still denies interfering in religious affairs or committing religious persecution. When the regime has persecuted individual believers, Church institutions or other religious establishments; local resistance and international reaction has been very limited emboldening the PFDJ regime, led by Isaias Afwerki to make the next brazen move.   

We, Eritrean Americans residing in your district strongly condemn the shameless actions, committed by the Eritrean regime, against the Catholic Church; confiscating healthcare centers, which are used to provide vital services to the most vulnerable members of the Eritrean society.  We ask for strong measures to be taken against religious persecution of any and all religious faiths committed by the PFDJ regime, led by Isaias Afwerki. A year ago, Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a peace accord; however, the people of Eritrea have not seen any fruit following the agreement. In fact, the situation worsens and the youth continue to flee the country, due to the regime’s oppressive policies. This direction is dangerous and against centuries old religious freedom and tolerance in Eritrea. Unless there is international pressure to change its behavior, the regime, will continue its oppressive policies even more aggressively than ever; with unimaginable long-term consequences, paling the tragedy of Somalia, Yemen and Libya. We must not allow such illegal and immoral actions by the regime against the Catholic Church and any or all religious faiths practiced in Eritrea. Therefore, we urge you to take strong and unequivocal action against the PFDJ regime, led by Isaias Afwerki in Eritrea; and stand with those who are suffering and being terrorized. Religious freedoms, liberty and human rights of any accord should not be violated no matter where it takes place. Let us stand on the right side of history. We ask your respective offices to work on the following plan of actions:

  1. Request the Eritrean regime to reverse its unlawful, inhumane, immoral action of closing and confiscating, Healthcare centers, clinics and hospitals run by the Catholic Church in Eritrea;

    2. Free all individuals or groups incarcerated or placed under house-arrest due to their religious faith in Eritrea;

    3. Respect and follow international human rights laws, religious freedoms & liberty, and implement the democratic rule of law in Eritrea.  

Sincerely, Eritrean American Ge'ez Rite Catholics

Published in The Star

ሓድሽ መሪሕነት ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰዲህኤ)፡ ድሕሪ 3ይን ሓድነታውን ጉባአኡ፡  ኣብ ቀጻሊ ስራሕ ብምእታው፡ መስርሕ ምርኽኻብ ሓላፍነት የቀላጥፍ ኣሎ። ናይ ሰልፊ ቅዋም መሰረት፡ መስርሕ ምርኻኻብ ሓላፍነት ኣብ መንጉ’ቲ ዝነበረን ሓድሽ ዝተመርጸን መሪሕነት ኣብ ውሽጢ ሓደ ወርሒ  እዩ ዝትግበር። በዚ መሰረት እቲ ብ2 ነሃሰ 2019 ዝተመርጸ ፈጻሚ ሽማገል ሰዲህኤ መስርሕ ምርኽኻብ ኣብ ከመይ ደረጃ ከም ዘሎ ንምምዛንን ቀጻሊ ስረሓት ንምትላምን ብኣቦመንበሩ ብጻይ ተስፋይ ወልደሚካኤል ተመሪሑ፡ ብ18 ነሃሰ 2019 ናይ መጀመርያ ኣኼባኡ ኣካይዱ።

ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ኣብ ኣኼባኡ፡ ናይ ነፍሲ-ወከፍ ቤት ጽሕፈት ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ምምሕዳር ኣቚሙ፡ ብዛዕባ ምድላው ዓመታዊ ትልሚ ነፍሲ-ወከፍ ቤት ጽሕፈት፡  ምጽፋፍን ምዝርጋሕን ኣብ ጉባአ ዝጸደቐ ፖለቲካዊ መደብ ዕዮን ቅዋምን፡ ዝኣመሰሉን ዛዕባታትን ተመያይጡ ውሳነታት ወሲኑ። በቲ ዝገምገሞ መሰረት መስርሕ ምርኽኻብ ሓላፍነት ኣብቲ ግቡእ ግዜኡ ከም ዝፍጻም  ኣረጋጊጹ። ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ኣብዚ ኣኼባኡ ዝያዳ ቆላሕታ ዝሃቦ፡ ብመሰረት ውሳነ ጉባአ፡ ኣብ ሓጺር ግዜ ነቲ ኣቐዲሙ ተጀሚሩ ኣብ መስርሕ ዘሎ ብምቕጻልን ካልእ ተበግሶ ብምውሳድን፡ ምስ ውድባት ኤርትራ ብሓባር ዘስርሕ  ጽላል ምፍጣር ዝምልከት ኣብ ሓጺር ግዜ ዝትግበር ኣቕጣጫ ቀይሱ ኣሎ።

ምስዚ ብዝተሓሓዘ ዝተፈላለዩ ኣባላት መሪሕነት ሰዲህኤ፡ ውጽኢት 3ይን ሓድነታውን ጉባአ ንምግላጽን ካልእ ህልዊ ኤርትራዊ  ዛዕባታት ንምድህሳስን ምስ መደበር ተለቪዥን ኣሰና ዝተኻየዱ ቃለ መጠይቓት ኣገደስቲ ምንባሮም መዚኑ። ጌና ክሳብ ሕጂ ዘይተዘርግሑ ተመሳሰልቲ መደባት ከም ዘለዉ’ውን ተገንዚቡ። ካብቶም ነቲ ቃለ-መሓትት ዘካየዱ፡ ብጾት ኣባላት መሪሕነት፡ ተስፋይ ወልደሚካኤል (ደጊጋ)፡ መንግስተኣብ ኣስመሮም፡ ክፍለዝጊ ገ/መድህን፡ ብርሃነ ደበሱ፡ ኣድያም ተፈራን ወልደየሱስ ዓማርን ይርከብዎም።  ምስ ካለኦት ኤርትራዊ ማዕከናት ዜና ሰፋሕቲ ቃለ-መሓትታት ናይ ምክያድ መደባት ከም ዘሎን፡ ከም ኣካል ናይዚ፡ ብጻይ  ተስፋይ ወልደሚካኤል ኣቦመንበር ሰዲህኤ ብ19 ነሃሰ 2019 ምስ ኣብ መልበርን ኣወስትራልያ ዝመደበራ “ኣገልግሎት ድምጺ ኤርትራ” ብዛዕባ መስርሕን ውጽኢትን ጉባአ ሰዲህኤን ከባብያውን ዓለም ለኻውን ምዕባለታት ዘተኮረ ቀጥታዊ ቃለ-ምሓትት ኣካይዱ።

ምስዚ ብዝተተሓሓዘ፡ ኣባል ማእከላይ ባይቶ፡  ብጸይቲ ፈቨን ጊደዎውን ምስ ብጾት፡ ሃይለ ወልደሚካኤል፡ ዶር ኣክሊሉ ግርማይ፡ ገረዝጊሄር ተወልደን  ኣድያም ተፈራን  ቃለ መጠይቕ ኣካይዳ፡ ኣብ ፈይስቡክ ዝዘርገሓቶ ውጽኢት ጉባአ ኣብ ምቅላሕ ኣገዳሲ ግደ ነይርዎ።

ፈጻሚ ሽማግለ ኣብ መወዳእታ ኣኼባኡ፡ በቲ ኣብ ሱዳን ቀጻሊ ሰላም ንምምጻእ ተበጺሑ ዘሎ ስምምዕ ዝተስመዖ ሓጎስ ንምግላጽ ናብ ህዝብን መንግስትን ሱዳን ናይ ዮሃና መልእኽቱ ኣመሓላሊፉ።

እዚ ከምዚሉ እንከሎ ብኣመንበር ሰዲህኤ ተስፋይ ወልደሚካኤል (ደጊጋ) ዝተመርሐን ሓያሎ ኣባላት ባይቶን መሪሕነት ዞባ ኤውሮጳን ብኣባልነት ዝነበርዎ ልኡኽ ሰልፊ፡ ብ17 ነሃሰ 2019 ኣብ ፈስቲቫል ኤርትራዊ ሃገራዊ ባይቶ ንዲሞክራስያዊ ለውጢ ተሳቲፉ ናይ ምሕዝነት ቃል ኣስሚዑ።

ኤርትራውያን ሓደን ብዙሓትን ኢና። ኤርትራውነትና ናይ ሓደነትና መርኣያ እዩ። እዚ ዝበረኸ ናይ ሓባር መርኣያናን መለለይናን እዩ። እዚ ብ”ንሕና” ዝግለጽ ኤርትራዊ መንነትና መሰረታዊ ናይ ሓባር ብደሆ ከጋጥመና እንከሎ መኪትና እንስዕረሉ ፍቱን መሳሪሕናን ምንጪ ብርታዐናን እዩ። ናይዚ  ሓደነታዊ መለለይና ፍቱን ተዓዋትነት ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ወሰንቲ ኣጋጣምታት ዝተመስከረ እዩ። ኣብቲ ነዊሕን መሪርን ቃልስና ምእንቲ ናጽነት ከኣ ብዙሓት ብዘደነቕዎ ኣብነታዊ ጽንዓት ተረጋጊጹ እዩ። እዚ ዝና ብጥራዩ ዝተወፈየ ህያብ ዘይኮነ፡ ሳላ ብሓባር ጸኒዕና መኪትና፡ ኣብ ሓደ መኣዲ ተመጊብና ኣብ ናይ ሓባር ጉድጓድ ዝተቐበርና ዝተረኽበ ናብ ቀጻሊ ትውልዲ ዝመሓላለፍ ውርሻ እዩ። እዚ ብ”ንሕና” ዝግለጽ ኤርትራዊ ውሁድ ዓቕምና ሓንሳብ ኣዕዊቱና ዝበንን ዘይኮነ፡ ኣብ ዝኾነ ወሳኒ ናይ ሓባር ወፍሪ ዝሓትት መድረኽ እንጥቀመሉ ምስጢር ተዓዋትነትና እዩ። እነሆ ሎሚ ሃገርናን ህዝባን ብሰንኪ ጥልመት ኢሳይያስን ኰራኩሩን ኣብ ቀረና መንገዲ ተጠው ኣብ ዝበልናሉ ወሳኒ ኣጋጣሚ’ውን፡ ከምቲ ጀሚርናዮ ዘለና፡  ኤርትራዊ ሓድነትና ኣጽኒዕና፡ ኣብ ክንዲ “ንሕናን ንሳቶም”፡ ዓው ኢልና፡ “ንሕና” ዝብል ድምጽና ከነበርኽን ናይ ሓባር ቅልጽምና ከነተርንዕን ኣብ እንግደደሉ ደረጃ ንርከብ ኣለና።

እዚ ክበሃል እንከሎ ነቲ ብግቡእ ከነመሓድሮ እንከለና፡ መልክዕናን ናይ ብቕዓትናን ዓቕምናን መንጭን ዝኸውን፡ “ንሕናን ንሳቶምን” እንተተበሃሃልናሉ’ውን ዘየኽፈኣልና፡ ናይ እምነት፥ ዕድመ፡ ጾታ፡ ኣውራጃ፡ ውደባ፡ ብሄር፡ ሞያ፡ ደረጃ መነባብሮን ፖለቲካዊ ኣተሓሳስባን ብዙሕነትና ብምዝንጋዕን ቦታ ብዘይምሃብን ኣይኮነን። ኤርትራውያን ሓደን ብዙሓት ኢና ክንበል እንከለና፡ ሓደነትናን ብዙሓነትናን፡ ነናቶም ዘይራኸብ ህልውና ኣለዎም ማለት  ዘይኮነ፡ ኣብ ሕድሕዶም ተጸላለውትን ተመላላእትን ምዃኖም ከቶ ክዝለል ዘየብሉ መሰረታዊ ተረድኦ እዩ። ሓዲኦም ብዘይካቲ ካልእ ህውልና የብሎም። ሓደነታ ዝሓለወት ግና ድማ ናይ ህዝባ ብዙሕነት ዘየውሓሰት ኤርትራ ሰላም ኣይትኸውንን። ብዙሑነቱ ዘውሓሰ ህዝባ፡ እውን ብዘይ ብሓድነት ዝዋሰኣላ ውህድቲ ሃገር ኣይቀስንን። ስለዚ ከከም ኩነታቱን ኣድላይነቱን መዓስ “ንሕናን ንስኻትኩምን” ንበሃሃልን ንመላላእን፡ መዓስከ “ንሕና” ኢልና ሃገርን ህዝብን ከነድሕን ሰሚርና ንነቅል ክንግንዘብ ይግበኣና። ሃገር ብዘይህዝቢ፡ ህዝቢ ብዘይሃገር፡  ምሉእነት የብሉን ኢልካ ምጥቕላል’ውን ዘጸገም ኣይኮነን።

ኣድላይነት “ንሕና” ዝብል ድምጽና ብምራኽ፡ ኣብ ከምዚ ሎሚ ኤርትራን ህዝባን ንርከበሉ ዘለና ናይ ፈተና ግዜ ብሩህ እዩ። ፋሕ ዝበለ ኩለመዳያዊ ዓቕምናን ናይ ቃልሲ ንዋትናን ኣኪብና ኣድማዒ ዓቕሚ እንፈጥረሉ መሳርሒና እዩ። ኣብ ውሽጥና ኣትዩ ዓቕምና ኣዳኺሙ ዕድመ ስልጣኑ ከናውሕ ንዝብህግ ህግዲፍን ላሕኩታቱን ኣፍደገ እንዓጽወሉ ፍቱን መድሃኒት እውን ንሱ እዩ። ከምቲ ብሓባር “ንሕና” ኢልና እንተተንሲእና ምዕዋትና ውሁብ ምዃኑ ዘይንስሕቶ፡ ጸላኢ ህዝብና ብወገኑ እዚ ናይ “ንሕና” ንቕሎ ዕድሚኡ ዘሕጽር ማዕበል ምዃኑ ኣዳዕዲዑ ዝርድኦ እዩ። እዚ ናይ ክልቴና ወገናት ተረድኦ፡ ሎሚ ኣብዚ ኣንጻር ህግዲፍ ንጠማጠመሉ ዘለና ግዜ ዝጀመረ ዘይኮነ፡ ካብ ነዊሕ ግዜ ጀሚሩ፡ “ንሕና” ዝዕጥቁ ህዝቢ እንዳተዓወተ፡ ኣንጻርዚ ማዕበልዚ ዝተሰለፉ ገዛእትን ጨቆንትን ወገናት ከኣ እንዳተሳዕሩ ዝመጽሉ ናይ ተመኩሮና ሰንሰለት እዩ።

ንጉጅለ ህግዲፍ ወሲኽካ፡ ጨቆንቲ ንስዕረት ተገዲዶም እምበር፡ ኣሜን ኢሎም ክቕበሉ ባህሪኦም ኣይኮነን። ስለዚ ኣብ ማእከል እቲ ሰሚሩ ንመሰሉ ዝቃልስ ህዝቢ ኣትዮም ናይ “ገረብ ብሓኽላ” እኩይ ጥበብ ተጠቒሞም ናይ ህዝብና “ንሕና” በሃልነት ከፋፊሎምን ኣፍሪሶምን፡ ኣብቲ ናይ ሓባር መኸተ ዝድለየሉ ህሞት፡ ብ”ንሕናን ንስኻትኩምን” ኣጠማሚቶም ክበታትንዎን ብዘይመሰረታዊ ረብሓን መብጸዓን ጠቢሮም፡ ከፋጥጥዎን ብዝዙሕ ፈቲም እዮም። እንተኾነ ህዝብና፡ መዓስን ብኸመይን ኣበይ ንምብጻሕ፡ ብሓባር “ንሕና” ወይን “ንሕናን ንሳቶምን” ይባሃሃል ስለ ዝፈልጥ፡ በቲ ዝደልይዎ ደረጃ ግዳዮም ኣይኮነን። ሎሚ እውን ካብ ዝሓለፈ ተመኩሮ ዘይምሃር ህግደፍ፡ ህዝብና ኣንጻሩ ሆ ኢሉ “ንሕና ብሓባር ኣንጻር ወጽዓ” ኢሉ ምእንቲ ከይለዓሎ፡ ተንኮላት ካብ ምፍሓስን ከፋፋሊ መርዚ ካብ ምንጻግን ዓዲ ኣይወዓለን። ውጽኢቱ ከመይ ይኸውን ኣሎ ግና ንዕዘቦ ዘለና እዩ። ኣብቲ ንኹልና ኤርትራውያን ብዘይኣፈላላይ ዝምልከት ጉዳይ “ንሕናን ንሳቶም” ተበሃሂልካ ምጥምማት እንዳተረፈ፥ ብኣንጻሩ “ንሕና” ዝብል ንቕሎ እንዳበረኸ ይመጽኣ ኣሎ። እዚ እዩ ከኣ እቲ ህግዲፍ ዝሰዓረሉ ፍቱን መሳርሒ።

ጸላኢና ረብሓኡ ኣብ ምርሓሓቕና ምዃኑ ተረዲእና ኣለና። ካብዚ ተረድኦዚ ነቒሎም፡ “ህግዲፍ ብሓያልነቱ ዘይኮነ ብድኽመት ናይቶም ኣንጻሩ ዝቃለሱ ዘለዉ ናይ ለውጢ ኣካላት ዝዕንገል ስርዓትዩ” ዝብልዎ ተዓዘብቲ ብዙሓት እዮም። ነዚ ካብ ተረዳእና እቲ መፍትሒኡ ቀሊልን ኣብ ኢድና ዘሎን እዩ። ነቲ ንሱ ንብዙሕነትና ብግጉይ መልክዕ እናመዝመዘ ከናቑተና ዝፍትነሉ ኣፍደገታት ብድምጺ “ንሕና”  ክንልኩቶ ይግበኣና። ህግዲፍ  ከከም ኩነታቱ ካብቲ ብዙሕነትና ንሓንሳብ ሃይማኖት፡ ንሓንሳብ ድማ ኣውራጃን ጀኦግራፍያዊ ኣሰፋፍራናን (ከበሳን መታሕትን) መመሺቱ ፍልልያት እንዳባልሐ እዩ ዝነብር። እቲ ሓደ ተንኮል ምስራሕ ምስ ኣበዮ እቲ ካልእ ይመዝዝ። ንሓንሳብ ነቲ ሓደ ወይለኻ ይብሎ ነቲ ካልእ ከኣ ኣጆኻ። ጽንሕ ኢሉ ከኣ ነቲ ኣጆኻ ክብሎ ዝጸንሐ ወይለኻ ምባል ኣየጸግሞን። ኣብዚ ኩልና ክንፈልጦ ዝግበና እዚ ጨቋኒ ስርዓት ብዘይካ ናይቶም ንጨቋንን ጸረ ህዝብን ኣተሓሳስባኡን ዝረዓሙ መጣፍእቱ፡ ናይ ዝኾነ ኤርትራዊ ኣካል ፈታዊ ዘይምዃኑ እዩ። ህግዲፍ ክፈቱ እንከሎ ኮነ ክጸልእ፡ መለክዒኡ ጨቋኒ ኣተሓሳስባ እምበር፡ ሃይማኖት ኮነ ብሄር ወይ ኣውራጃ ኣይመርጽን እዩ። ነዚ መድሃኒቱ ከኣ፡ ንመቓልሕ “ንሕና” ዓው ምባል’ዩ።

Sunday, 18 August 2019 10:15

Radio Demtsi Harnnet Sweden 17.08.2019

Written by
Saturday, 17 August 2019 06:19

Africa’s most authoritarian school

Written by

August 16, 2019 News

“It’s just slavery. You toil day and night and you get nothing,”

Source: Mail & Guardian

Systemic abuse: The Sawa graduation ceremony. Every Eritrean student attends the school in their final year. ‘You don’t understand if it’s a school, or a military camp,’ says one former student. (Yemeni G Meskel)
Systemic abuse: The Sawa graduation ceremony. Every Eritrean student attends the school in their final year. ‘You don’t understand if it’s a school, or a military camp,’ says one former student. (Yemeni G Meskel)

By law, every single student in Eritrea must spend their final year of high school at the Warsai Yikealo Secondary School and Vocational Training Centre — no matter where they are from or where they attended classes before. The school is inside a military camp, however, and students have no guarantee that they will ever be allowed to return to civilian life.

According to the Eritrean government — led by President Isaias Afwerki since independence from Ethiopia in 1991 — the policy is a kind of radical egalitarianism designed to level the educational playing field, ultimately ensuring that all students have equal access to university, and consolidating the “harmony and social cohesion” of each new generation.

But students themselves tell a very different story, describing a system of systematic abuse, torture and repression that has forced hundreds of thousands of young Eritreans to flee their country.

“You don’t understand if it’s a school, or a military camp,” said one former student. “Sawa is hell: they do everything to make you want to leave,” said another.

Sawa is the name of the military camp, and is how most students refer to the school that is based there.


Satellite Imagery of the Sawa military camp, including the Warsai Yikealo Secondary School, recorded in January 2015.
Imagery © DigitalGlobe – Maxar Technologies 2019; Source: Google Earth

Last week, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released an 84-page report detailing the experiences of students at Sawa. The report is an unprecedented glimpse into what daily life is like at the school, and an insight into what the harsh environment is designed to achieve. “Eritrea’s secondary schools are at the heart of its repressive system of control over its population,” said Laetitia Baeder, who, as the lead researcher on the report, conducted interviews with dozens of former students.

‘Punishments were so hard’

Sawa is located in inhospitable, isolated terrain near Eritrea’s western border with Sudan, where temperatures in summer can reach up to 40°C. It is divided into educational and military areas and, in total, can accommodate up to 30 000 people, according to the ministry of information (Eritrea’s current minister of information did not respond to a request for comment for this piece; nor did Eritrean authorities respond to repeated attempts by HRW to obtain comment).

At the beginning of each school year, grade 12 students are bused in from all over the country. Most, but not all, are over the age of 18; according to HRW, some are as young as 16. On arrival they are divided into groups that mirror army formations, and each given a plastic plate, cup and utensils. The food — mostly lentils and bread — is notoriously poor.

Military training begins immediately. “From the first month, the alarm rings at 5am. They make you run to the toilet, you had five minutes to wash — if we had water, which wasn’t always the case — five minutes to put your uniform on. You get punished if you don’t manage,” one former student said. “We would have military training until 8am … The military trainer is always with you; he stays in the dorm. The [physical] punishments were so hard; I was desperate to escape them and so I would try to stick to the rules.”

According to HRW, the year at Sawa is divided into one or two months of physical fitness training and military discipline; four months of military training, which includes weapons handling and a three-week “war-like simulation exercise”; and six months of academic teaching.

In addition to these responsibilities, however, students are expected to perform manual labour such as cleaning and carrying supplies, and also to assist with farming at the state-owned Molober farm, 7km from Sawa. This leaves very little time for actual studying.

Students are punished for even minor infractions, such as oversleeping, or for complaining about their conditions. Punishments include — but are not limited to — being beaten with sticks, being left in the sun for long periods of time, and being made to roll around on the ground while being beaten.

 

For female students, the dangers are even greater. Referring to Sawa and other military training camps, the United Nations commission of inquiry on human rights in Eritrea found in its 2015 report that “Women and girls are at a high risk of rape and other forms of sexual violence … They are often forced into concubinage by superiors in the camp.”

‘It’s just slavery’

The end of the school year brings no respite. Students with high marks may be allowed to go to one of the country’s seven tertiary colleges, while the rest are forced into Eritrea’s involuntary and indefinite conscription program, which has been described by both former conscripts and rights groups as a form of modern-day slavery. A university degree merely delays the inevitable, with graduates still required to participate in national service once they have obtained their degree.

Although conscription is officially capped at 18 months — six months of military training and six months of national service — in practice it can last for several years or even decades. Conscripts are given no say in the work they are required to do, which can include everything from accounting to farming to construction. College students are often assigned to be secondary school teachers, even if they have no teaching experience or subject expertise. The pay is paltry, the food is still bad and there is no legal entitlement to any leave.

“It’s just slavery. You toil day and night and you get nothing,” said Dawit, a former school teacher, speaking to the Guardian in 2018.

Young Eritreans have come up with creative solutions to avoid national service, such as deliberately flunking Grade 11 to avoid being sent to Sawa; or, for women, by marrying young and becoming pregnant. But these are far from foolproof: periodic police and military raids — known as giffas in Tigrinya — round up people who are perceived as trying to avoid conscription.

There is no provision for conscientious objection in Eritrean law, so “draft dodgers” are often jailed. One student, who tried to escape national service in 2014, described his experience to HRW. He was 14 at the time.

“I spent six months in Gergera [prison]. The cell was about 4mand there were 180 people in it. We would put up our sheets and sleep on them. No windows, no light. Never allowed out. Only to go to the toilet and to eat.

“I was held with detainees of all ages. Some detainees were there for escaping, some for trying to evade national service. [Because] I was young and injured, they just held me for six months and then released me. But most are held for six months and then sent to military service,” he said.

Against this backdrop, it is no surprise that thousands of young Eritreans are fleeing the country every month. Half a million Eritreans now live in exile, mostly in neighbouring Ethiopia and Sudan, from a population of just five million — that is, 10% of the country’s citizens.

Many make the perilous journey to Europe, braving the civil war and human traffickers in Libya and the treacherous crossing of the Mediterranean: they have calculated that the risks are worth it for the chance of a better life somewhere else.

So much for the “harmony and social cohesion” that the Warsai Yikealo Secondary School and Vocational Training Centre was supposed to deliver.

“Ending abusive and open-ended national service, reining in military officials responsible for abuse, and allowing students to determine their futures will be key to Eritrea’s prospects,” said Bader. “People who see that they have a bright future in Eritrea are less likely to need to flee.”

Source=https://eritreahub.org/africas-most-authoritarian-school

ርእሰ-ዓንቀጽ፡ ሰዲህኤ

ኤርትራዊ ልኡላውነትና፡ ብነዊሕን መሪርን ቃልሲ ዝተረጋገጸ፡ ሰፍ ዘይብል፡ ናይ ህይወትን ንዋትን ዋጋ ዝተኸፍሎ ምዃኑ ኣብ ቅድሚ ኩልና ብሩህ እዩ። እቲ ንልኡላውነትና ቅድሚት ሰሪዕና ከም ብሌን ዓይንና እንሕልወሉ ካልእ ምኽንያት ከኣ መሰረት ናይቲ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ቃልስናን ምእንታኡ ዝተኸፍለ ዋጋን ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ኣብ መጻኢ እውን ናይ ኩሉ ዓውትና መሰረትና ንሱ ስለ ዝኾነ እዩ።

ብተረድኦና ጉዳይ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ፡ ድሕሪ’ቲ መሪር ናብኡ ዘብጸሐ መስርሕ ኣብ 1991ን 193ን ንድሕሪት ብዘይምለስ ተረጋጊጹስ፡ ህዝብና ናብ ሕድሽ ሃገር ናይ ምህናጽ ምዕራፍ ሰጊሩ እዩ። እንተኾነ ብሰንኪ ናይ ህዝብና ሕድሪ ጠሊሙ፡ ናቱ ዝናን ትምክሕትን ዘቐድም ጉጅለ ኢሳይያስ ህዝብና ኣብ ሓዲሽ፡ ብምረቱን ክብደቱን ካብቲ ምእንቲ ናጽነት ዝተኸፍለ ዋጋ ዘይድሕር፡ ምናልባት እውን ዝመረረ፡ ምዕራፍ ክኣቱ ተገዲዱ። ናይ ሎሚ ቃልስና ኣብታ ብሳላ መስዋእቲ ደቃ፡ ህልውነኣ ዘውሓሰት ልኡላዊት ኤርትራ፡ ልዕልና ሕግን ማዕርነት ደቃን፡ መሰል ምውዳብን ሓሳብካ ምግላጽን፡ ኮታ ኩሉ ዲሞክራስያውን ሰብኣውን መሰላት ዜጋታታ ዝኽበረላ ሕገመንግስታዊት ኤርትራ ንምህናጽ ንቃለስ ኣለና። ናብዚ ቃልሲዚ ወፊርና እንዕወት ከኣ ኣብ ዘተኣማምን ፖለቲካዊ ሜዳ ልኡላዊት ሃገር ኤርትራ እንተ ረጊጽና ጥራይ እዩ።

ኣብዚ ዝሓለፈ ሒደት ዓመታት፡ ንድሕሪት ተመሊሱ ንልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ዝደናደን ዝንባለታት ክቀላቐል ክንዕዘብ ጸኒሕና። ዘይቅርዑይ ንቕሎ ኣግኣዝያን ናይዚ ምልክት እዩ። በብኹርናዑ ክቀላቐል ዝጸንሐ ንቃልስና ምእንቲ ናጻን ልኡላዊትን ኤርትራን መስዋእቲ ጀጋኑናን ዘራኽስን ዘነውርን ዝንባለታት ክንዕዘብ ጸኒሕና። ድሕሪቲ ዲክታቶር ኢሳይያስ “ብውንኡ ድዩ ወይስ ጥዕና ስኢኑ እዩ” ዘበለ፡ ምስ ብዙሕ ዘይንቡር ኣካላዊ ምዕልባጥን ቀበጥበጥን ኣብ ኣደባባያት ኢትዮጵያ፡ “ህዝብታት ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን፡ ክልተ ህዝቢ እዮም ዝብሉ ነቲ ታሪኽን ሓቅን ዘይፈልጡ እዮም” ምስ በለ፡ ብዙሓት ንኣእዛኖም ክኣምኑ ኣይከኣሉን። እንተኾነ ከምቲ “ወሓጥዮ እንተበልኩዋስ ትጐስሞ” ዝበሃል፡ “ከምዚ ዝብል ዘለኹ ንቃለ-ዓለም ዘይኮነ ብልበይ እየ” ብዝብል ሓረግ ምስ ኣድመቖ፡ ብዙሓት ተጠማሚቶም ማይሕነ ውሒጥዎም። እንተኾነ ነቲ ዝተባህለ ክቕይርዎ ኣይከኣሉን።  ኢሳይያስ ብዛዕባቲ ኣፉ ደም ክሳብ ዝወጽእ “ስምምዕ ኣልጀርስን ውሳነ ኮሚሽን ዶብ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ክትግበር እዩ” ክብሎ ዝጸንሐ ምስ ኣጽቀጠ፡ ጋዜጠኛታቱ ብዛዕባኡ ሓሳቡ ክህብ ምስ ሓተትዎ፡ “ሎሚ ጉዳይ ዶብ ዘልዕሉ ወገናት ነቲ ምስ ኢትዮጵያ ተበጺሑ ዘሎ ሰላም ክስምሙ/ክዘርጉ ዝደልዩ እዮም” ዝብል ዘደንጹ መልሲ ምስ ሃበ “ኣማን ብኣማን ሰብኣይሲ ጠሊሙ እዩ” ዝበሉ ዘለዉ ኤርትራውያን ብዙሓት እዩ። እንተኾነ እቲ ኩነታት ብጥልመትዚ ዲክታተር ብምግራምን ከንፈርካ ብምርምጣጥን ጠጠው ኣይበለን። እንሀ’ኳ ነቲ ዝጸንሐ ናይ ልውጢ ማዕበል፡ መሊሱ ዘጐሃህር “ይኣክል” ወሊዱ።

ስለዚ ከምቲ “እንተ ክንብርኩት ዘይክንብርኩት ኣብ ማይ ንብጻሕ” ዝበሃል፡ ኣብ ሃገርና ዲሞክራስያውን ሕገመንግስታውን ስርዓት ንክንተክል፡ ጉዳይ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ሓጺናዊ መሰረቱ ጸኒዑ ንኽቕጽል ምስቲ ህዝባዊ ስርዓት ናይ ምህናጽ ዕማምና ኣጐዝጒዝና ከነቕልበሉ ናይ ግድን ኮይኑ ኣሎ። ሎሚ ከምቲ “ዝብኢ ብዝጠሓሶ ኣኽላባት’ውን ይኣትዉ” ዝበሃል፡ በቲ ኢሳይያስ ተጠሊዑ ኣብ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ሰነከልከል ከም ዝበለ ምስ ዝደርጉሖ፥ ብኣኡ ተተባቢዑም፡  “ኢትዮጵያ ኣብ ወድባት ኤርትራ ሓይሊ ባሕሪ ክትምስርት” እያ ዝብል ዕላል ናይ ብዙሓት ኮይኑ ኣሎ። “ኢትዮጵያ ብወገን ኤርትራ ኣፍደገ ባሕሪ ናይ ምርካብ ሕጋዊ መሰል ኣለዋ” እንዳበሉ ዝምድሩን ዝጽሕፉን’ውን ብዙሓት እዮም። ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ኢትዮጵያ ብዛዕባ ምንጻፍ ንኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ዘራኽብ መስመር ባቡር ምስ ለገስቲ ሃገራት ተፈራሪሞም ዝብል ሓበሬታ ብዓባይቲ ናይ ዓለምና ማዕከናት ዜና ክቃላሕ ሰሚዕና። ኣብዚ ቀረባ ድማ ኣብቲ ነዊሕ ቃልስና ምእንቲ ናጽነት ኣብ ኤርትራ ተዋጊኦም ዝተሳዕሩ ናይ ቀደም ወተሃደራት ኢትዮጵያ ማሕበር መስሪቶምስ ኣብ ኣስመራ አንፈር ቤት ጽሕፈት ከም ዝኸፈቱ፡ ብማዕከናት ዜና ሰሚዕና። ኮታ ኢሳይያስ ንዝኸፈቶ ጥልመት ዘራጉዱ ወስታታት ብዙሓት እዮም። እምበኣር እዚ ኩሉ ተደሚሩ፡ ጉዳይ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ “ሓንሳብ ተረጋጊጹ እንድዩ” ኢልና እነራጥጠሉ ዘይኮነ፡ ሎሚ እውን ንቑሕን ጥንቁቕን ሓለዋ ከም ዘድልዮ ዘረድእ እዩ።

ሰልፊ ዲሞክራሲ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ (ሰዲህኤ)፡ ኣብዚ ቀረባ ግዜ ጉባአኡ ክዛዝም እንከሎ ካብ ዝወሰኖም  ኣገደስቲ ውሳነታት ሓደ፡ ጉዳይ ልኡላውነት ኤርትራ ነይሩ። ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ድማ ይብል። ጉዳይ ኤርትራዊ ልኡላውነት መሰረታዊ ጉዳይ ህልውናናን መንነትናን እዩ። ኩሉ ዘርዚርካ ዘይውዳእ ኣብ ኤርትራ በዂሩ ዘሎ መሰላትን ነጻነታትን እውን ኣብ ልኡላውነታ ዘውሐሰት ኤርትራ ጥራይ እዩ ዝረጋገጽ። እቲ ብዓለም-ለኸ ሕግታትን ውዕላትን ዝፍለጥ ናይ መሬት፡ ናይ ባሕርን ናይ ኣየርን ዶባት ኤርትራ ኣብ ዝኾነ ይኹን ግዜ ናብ ዋጋ ዕዳጋ ዘይቀርብ መግለጺ ሉዓላውነትና ምዃኑ ሰዲህኤ ይኣምን። ካብ ብምብጋስ፡ ብዘይ ኣፍልጦን ፍቓድን ህዝብና ኣብ ኤርትራ ሰፊሮም ዘለዉ ናይ ግዳም ሰራዊታት ካብ ሉኣላዊ መሬት ኤርትራ ብህጹጽ ክወጹ ጕባኤ ይጽውዕ።

ጕባኤ፡ ነቲ ብደም ኣእላፍ ኤርትራውያን ዝተረጋገጸ ሉኣላዊነት ሃገረ ኤርትራ ዝድግፉ ሓይልታት እናኣመጐሰ፣ ነቶም ነዚ ሓቂ ዘይተዋሕጠሎም ጸረ ሰላም ሓይልታት ድማ ካብ ሕሉፍ ታሪኽ ክምሃሩን ካብ ተዅታዂ ተግባራቶም ክቝጠቡን የጠንቅቕ።”

ስለዚ እቲ መሕብኢ ክጥቀመሉ ንዝጸንሐ ውድብን ግንባርን ከምኡ እውን፡ ስማዊ መዝነት ክህቦም ዝጸንሐ ዕዙማት ባእታታት ጠሊሙ፡ በይኑ ተሪፉ ዘሎ ውልቀ-መላኺ ዲክታተር፡ ገበኑ መሰረታዊ መሰላት ህዝብና ምንፋግ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ብመሰረቱ እውን ንኤርትራ ከም ሃገር ኣብ ቀራና መንገዲ ጠጠው ኣቢልዋ ምህላዉ ኣስተብሂልና፡ ሕሳብ ኩለመዳያዊ ቃልስና ንግበር።

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