Tuesday, 10 September 2019 11:46

10 Most Censored Countries

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Repressive governments use sophisticated digital censorship and surveillance alongside more traditional methods to silence independent media. A special report by the Committee to Protect Journalists.

Eritrea is the world's most censored country, according to a list compiled by the Committee to Protect Journalists. The list is based on CPJ's research into the use of tactics ranging from imprisonment and repressive laws to surveillance of journalists and restrictions on internet and social media access.

Under Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone has the right to seek and receive news and express opinions. These 10 countries flout the international standard by banning or severely restricting independent media and intimidating journalists into silence with imprisonment, digital and physical surveillance, and other forms of harassment. Self-censorship is pervasive.

In the top three countries--Eritrea, North Korea, and Turkmenistan--the media serves as a mouthpiece of the state, and any independent journalism is conducted from exile. The few foreign journalists permitted to enter are closely monitored.

Other countries on the list use a combination of blunt tactics like harassment and arbitrary detention as well as sophisticated surveillance and targeted hacking to silence the independent press. Saudi Arabia, China, Vietnam, and Iran are especially adept at practicing these two brands of censorship: jailing and harassing journalists and their families, while also engaging in digital monitoring and censorship of the internet and social media.

The list addresses only those countries where the government tightly controls the media. The conditions for journalists and press freedom in states such as Syria, Yemen, and Somalia are also extremely difficult, but not necessarily attributable solely to government censorship. Rather, factors like violent conflict, insufficient infrastructure, and the role of non-state actors create conditions that are dangerous for the press.

1. Eritrea

Leadership: President Isaias Afewerki, in power since 1993.

How censorship works: The government shut down all independent media in 2001. Eritrea is the worst jailer of journalists in sub-Saharan Africa, with at least 16 journalists behind bars as of December 1, 2018; most have been imprisoned since the 2001 crackdown, and none received a trial. According to freedom of expression group Article 19, the 1996 press law includes a requirement that the media must promote "national objectives." The state retains a legal monopoly of broadcast media, and journalists for the state media toe the government's editorial line for fear of retaliation. Alternative sources of information such as the internet or satellite broadcasts of radio stations in exile are restricted through occasional signal jams and by the poor quality of the government-controlled internet, according to DW Akademie. Internet penetration is extremely low, at just over 1% of the population, according to the U.N. International Telecommunication Union. Users are forced to visit internet cafes, where they are easily monitored. A March 2019 report by the Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa suggests that the authoritarian state is so "brutal or commanding" as to "render ordering overt internet disruptions unnecessary." However, on May 15, 2019, the BBC reported a social media shutdown in Eritrea, ahead of the country's Independence Day celebrations. With the opening of the border with Ethiopia in mid-2018, some foreign journalists received special accreditation to visit Eritrea, according to The Economist, but access was tightly controlled.

Lowlight: As many as seven journalists may have perished in custody, according to reports that CPJ has not been able to confirm due to the climate of fear and tight state control. The government has refused all requests to provide concrete information on the fate of imprisoned journalists. In June 2019, more than 100 leading African journalists, scholars, and rights activists wrote an open letter to Afewerki, asking to visit long-imprisoned journalists and activists; this request was soundly rejected, and deemed "inappropriate" by Eritrea's Ministry of Information.


ኣርማ ሲፒጄ Image copyright CPJ

ኤርትራ ብሳንሱር (መመያ) ኣብ ዓለምና ቅድሚት እትስራዕ ሃገር ምዃና ኮሚተ ንድሕነት ጋዜጠኛታት፡ ሲፒጄ፡ ኣብ ዘውጽኦ ሓድሽ ጸብጻብ ኣፍሊጡ።

እቲ ንነጻነት ፕረስ ዝጠጣበቕ ትካል፡ ማእሰርቲን ዓምጻጺ ሕጋጋትን፡ አኣብ ልዕሊ ጋዜጠኛታት ዝግበር ምክትታል፡ ኣብ ቀረብ ኢንተርነትን ማሕበራዊ መራኸቢታትን ንዘሎ ቀይድታት ብምግምጋም ነቲ ዝርዝር ከም ዘዳለዎ ይሕብር።

ንኤርትራ ሰዒበን፡ ሰሜን ኮርያን ቱርክመኒስታንን በዚ ጉደይ ኣብ ቅድሚት ከም ዝስርዓ ዘርእይ እቲ ጸብጻብ፡ ካብ ኣፍሪቃ ኤርትራን ኢኳቶርያል ጊኒን [መበል ሻሙናይ] ጥራይ እዩ ኣብተን 10 ሃገራት ኣካቲቱ ዘሎ።

ብመሰረት ዓንቀጽ 19 ናይ ዓለምለኻዊ ኣዋጅ ሰባዊ መሰላት፡ ኵሉ ሰብ ሓበሬታ ናይ ምርካብን ሓሳቡ ናይ ምግላጽን መሰል ከም ዘለዎ ዘዘኻኸረ እቲ ጸብጻብ፡ እዘን 10 ሃገራት ንነጻ ሚድያ፡ ብምኽልካል ወይ ብጽኑዕ ብምቁጽጻርን ጋዜጠኛታት ሱቕ ንምባል ምፍርራሕ፡ ምእሳር፡ ዲጂታውን ኣካላውን ምክትታልን ካልእ ዓይነት ምስርጣይን ብምዝውታር፡ ነቲ ዓለምለኻዊ መትከል ዕሽሽ ከም ዝበልኦ ይገልጽ።

ብፍላይ ኣብተን ኣብቲ ዝርዝር ኣብ ቅድሚት ተሰሪዐን ዘለዋ ሰለስተ ሃገራት - ኤርትራ፡ ሰሜን ኮርያን ቱርክመኒስታንን፡ መራኸቢ ብዙሓን ልሳን ናይ መንግስቲ ኮይነን ከም ዘገልግላን፡ ዝኾነ ነጻ መድያ ካብ ወጻኢ ሃገራት ከም ዝካየድን ሓቢሩ።

ናብተን ሃገራት ክኣትው ዝፍቀደሎም ሒደት ጋዜጠኛታት'ውን ብቐረባ ምክትታል ይግበሎም እዩ ይብል እቲ ጸብጻብ።

ክሳብ 1 ታሕሳስ 2018 ኣብ ዝነበረ እዋን፡ ኤርትራ ኣብ ትሕተ ሰሃራ ኣፍሪቃ፡ ብዙሓት ጋዜጠኛታት ዝኣሰረት ሃገር ምዃና እቲ ትካል ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ዓመት ጸብጻቡ ምግላጹ ይዝከር።

መንግስቲ ኤርትራ፡ ኣብ 2001 ንኹለን ናይ ብሕቲ ጋዜጣታት ብምዕጻው ንመብዛሕትኦም ኣዳለውተን ብዘይ ፍርዲ ኣሲርዎም ይርከብ።

መራኸቢ ብዙሓን ብመንግስቲ ከም ዝውነን ዝገልጽ እቲ ጸብጻብ፡ ኣብ ናይ መንግስቲ ትካላት ዝሰርሑ ጋዜጠኛታት ብሰንኪ ፍርሒ ብነጻነት ስርሖም ከም ዘይሰርሑ እቲ ጸብጻብ ገሊጹ።

ኣማራጺ ምንጭታት ሓበሬታ ዝኾና ካብ ወጻኢ ሃገራት ዝፍነዋ ናይ ሳተላይትን ናይ ኢንተርነትን ሬድዮታት ብሰንኪ ዓፈናን ኣዝዩ ድኹም ኣገልግሎት ኢንተርነትን ተበጻሕነተን ውሱን ምዃኑ'ውን ሓቢሩ።

መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ግና "ጉዳይ ሃገራዊ ድሕነት ልዕሊ ኩሉ ዝስራዕ ምዃኑ" ብምግላጽ ነቲ ክስታት ይነጽጎ።


ርእሰ-ዓንቀጽ ሰዲህኤ

ኣብዚ ነዊሕ ጉዕዞ ቃልስና፡ በብግዜኡ ዝቕልቀሉ መድረኻውያን ዛዕባታት ኣለዉ። ንሓንሳብ ብዛዕባ ግፍዕታት ወጻዒ ስርዓት ህግዲፍ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝብና ንዛረብ፡ ንሓንሳብ ብዛዕባ ግህሰት ሰብኣዊ መሰል ኣብ ኤርትራ ንጽሕፍ፡ ንሓንሳብ ድማ ብዛዕባ ስደትን ሳዕቤናቱን ንምድር፡ ከም “ይኣክል” ዝኣመሰሉ ኣነቓነቕቲ ተርእዮታት መደርኽ መሓዞም ከኣ ነዚ ዘመልክት እዩ። ምንቅስቓስ “ኣግኣዝያን ኢና” ዝብሉ ወገናት ከኣ ሓደ ካብቶም ንሓንሳብ ክገሃዱ ንሓንሳብ ከኣ ክስወሩ ዝጸንሑ ዛዕባታት እዩ። ኣብቲ ዝጀመረሉ እዋን ብርክብ ህዝቢ ንህዝቢ ክኽወል ጀሚሩ ነይሩ። ሎሚ ግና ዳርጋ ዋናታቱ መን ምዃኖም ተነጺሮም ኣብ ሰፋሕቲ መድረኻት ክቃላሕ ጀሚሩ ኣሎ።

ምንቅስቓስ ኣግኣዝያን ናይቶም ኣብ ኤርትራን ትግራይን ዘለዉ ትግርኛ ዝዛረቡ ምትእኽኻብ ዝምነ ምዃኑ ዋናታቱ ክነግሩና ይፍትኑ ኣለዉ። ኣብቲ ምምስሳል ኣብ ልዕሊ እቲ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ፡ እምነት ሃይማኖት ተዋህዶ ምድራብ እውን ኣሎ። ምስቲ ኣብ 40ታት ኣብ ሃገርና ተፈቲኑ ዘይተዓወተ ፖለቲካዊ ርኢቶታት ከዛምድዎ እንከለዉ ከኣ “ከምቲ ናይ ቅድም ትግራይ ትግርኚ ማለት እዩ” ክብልዎ ንሰምዕ ኢና። ብዙሓት ከም ዝሰማምዕሉ እዚ እቲ ኤርትራ ከም ሃገር፡ ባህጊ ህዝባ ከተማልእ ዘይምኽኣላ ዘሕደሮ ተስፋ ምቑራጽ ዝተሃንደሰ ናይ ዓቕሊ ጽበት ምህዞ እዩ። ካለኦት እውን ናይቶም መንቀልቱ ናይ መንነት ቅልውላው ዝወለዶ እዩ ዝብልዎ ኣለዉ። እቲ ክኸውን ዝነበሮን ዝግበኦን ግና ዓቕሊ ኣጽቢብካ ዓዲ ዘየእቱ ኣቋራጭ መንገዲ ዝመስለካ ምምራጽ ዘይኮነ፡ ነታ ባህጊ ህዝባ ከተማልእ ዘይከኣለት ዘላ ኤርትራ ጸገማ ኣጽኒዕካ፡ ናብቲ ክሳብ ሎሚ ዘይበቐዓቶ ከም እትበቅዕ ንምኽኣል ስንኻ ነኺስካን ሓድነትካ ኣደልዲልካ ምቅላስ እዩ። ቅልውላው ዝወለዶ ምርጫ ግና ቅልውላው ዝውስኽ እምበር ካብ ቅልውላው ዘውጽእ ኣይኮነን።

ንኣግኣዝያን ብዝምልከት ክለዓል እንከሎ፡ ኣብ መንጎ ጐረባብቲ ኤርትራውያንን ተጋሩን ዘሎ፡ ናይ ቋንቋ፡ ባህሊ፡ መውስቦ፡ ወለዶ፡ እምነትን ንግድን ዝኣመሰሉን ዘሎ ምቅርራባት ዝከሓድ ኣይኮነን። ነዚ መሰረት ገይሮም ኣብ ኩሉ መዳያት ህይወቶም ክቀራረቡን ንክልቲኦም ኣብ ዘርብሕ ክተሓጋገዙን ከኣ ኣድላይን ዝድገፍን እዩ። ወዮ “ካብ እመት ስድሪ ኣላታ” ኮይኑ ብዛዕባ ምስ ህዝቢ ትግራይ ንዛረብ ኣለና እምበር፡ ኤርትራና ምስ ኢትዮጵያ፡ ሱዳንን ካለኦት ጐረባብትን ኣብ ናይ ሓባር ረብሓን ምክብባርን ዝተሰረተ ጽቡቕ ዝምድና  ክህልዋ ምስራሕ ካብ ቀዳምነታትና ሓደ እዩ። እንተኾነ ከምቲ “ከም ሓው ተፋቐር’ሞ ከም ጓና ከኣ ተሓሳሰብ” ዝበሃል፡ ኣብ ከበሳ ኤርትራን ትግራይን ዘሎ ህዝቢ ዘለዎ ምምስሳል ከም ዘለዎ ኮይኑ፡ ነናቱ ልኡላዊ ሃገራት ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ከም ዘለዉዎ ፈጺሙ ዘይስገር እዩ። ዶብ ከይዓገተካ ብዛዕባ ዝግበር ምቅርራብን፡ ዶብ ስለ ዝኽልክለካ ክግበር ብዛዕባ ዘየብሉን ዝምድናታት ምርዳእ ከኣ ኣዝዩ ኣገዳሲ እዩ። እቶም ነዚ ሕቶዚ ምምላስ ምስ ሰኣኑ ንኤርትራ ከም ልኡላዊት ሃገር ክቕበልዋ ዕጥይጥይ ዝብሉ ግና ወድዓዊ ሓቂ ኣብ ምቕባል  ዝተሳዕሩ እዮም።

ቅድሚ ኩሉ ናይታ ብቃልሲ ደቃ ልኡላውነታ ዘረጋገጸት ኤርትራ ሓድነት፡ ዘይቁርመም ዘይሽርመም ምዃኑ ኩልና እንተላይቶም ኣብ ምንቅስቓስ ኣግኣዝያን ኣለና ዝብሉ ክርድእዎን ክርዕምዎን ግድን እዩ። ነዚ ዝድህሰስ ሓቂ ዘይቅበልን ዘየኽብርን ግና፡ ምናልባት ንነብሱ ዓዲ ክቕይር ይኽእል እምበር ቆርሚመ ቆራሚመ ሓድሽ ክሊ ክፈጥር እየ እንተበለ፡ ከሎ ጋና ከምዘይክእል ክርዳእ ይግበኦ። ኤርትራ ብብዙሓት፡ እምነታት፡ ቋንቋታት፡ ባህልታት፡ ኣውራጃታት ዝወቀበት እምበር። ትግርኛ ናይ ዝዛረብን ሓደ ሃይማኖት ናይ ዝኽተልን ክፋል ህዝቢ ጥራይ ኣይኮነትን። ትግራይ እውን ከምኡ። ኤርትራዊ ሓድነትን ልኡላውነትን ዘይስገር ካብ ኮነ፡ እዚ ተዓቂቡ ንክነብር ትግርኛ ንዝዛረብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ካብቲ ኣብ ካልእ ልኡላዊት ሃገር ዝነበር ብቋንቋ ዝመሳሰሎ፡ እቲ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዝነብር ካልእ ቋንቋ ዝዛረብ ወገኑ እዩ ዝቐርቦ። እዚ እቲ ዓብይ ዘይስገር ጉዳይ ኮይኑ ነዚ ብዘይሃሲ ምስቲ ካብ ልኡላዊ ክሉ ወጻኢ ክነሱ ብቋንቋን መሰል ዛዕባታትን ዝመሳሰሎ ኣይንገድን ኣይዋሰብን ማለት ግን ኣይኮነን። ከምቲ ዝበልናዮ ትግርኛ ዝዛረብ ኤርትራዊ ምስቲ ኣብ ትግራይ ዝነብር ብቋንቋ ዝራኸቦ ከም ዝቀራረብ፡ እቲ ትግረ ዝዛረብ ኤርትራዊ ምስቲ ኣብ ሱዳን ዝነብር ትግረ ዝዛረብ ዘይዛመደሉን ዘይቃረበሉን ምኽንያት የለን። ኣብ ዓፋርን ኩናማን እውን ተመሳሳሊ ኩነታት ክፍጠር ይኽእል።

ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ካብዝን ካብትን መመዥሪጥካ፡ ከምዚ ኣግኣዝያን ኢና ባሀልቲ ዝብልዎ፡ ሓደስቲ ከባብታት እንዳፈጠርካ፡ ነዛ ምእንቲ ህላወኣ ዝተቃለስናላን ምእንቲ ህንጸታ ንቃለሰላ ዘለናን ኤርትራና ንምህሳስ ዝውሰድ ወስታ ብሓጺሩ ነውሪ እዩ። ወይ ድማ ንሓደ ብቋንቋ ዝመሳሰለካ ወገን ወሲድካ ኤርትራ ናይቶም ዝተረፉ ትኸውን ኢልካ ምሕሳብ እውን ዘይሩ ዘይሩ  ሓድነታ ምግሃስ ስለ ዝኾነ ቅቡል ኣይኮነን። ብመንጽር እዚ ክንርእዮ እንከለና፡ ምንቅስቓስ ኣግኣዝያን ኢና በሃልቲ “ኣብ ዝበጽሖ የብሉን” ኢልካ ሸለል ዝበሃል ዘይኮነስ፡ ከሎ ጋና ቆላሕታ ሂብና ክንሰርሓሉ ዝግበኣና እዩ። ቅድሚ ኩሉ እቶም መንቀልቲ ክሳብ ክንደይ ኣብ ከውሒ ጸሚዶም ከም ዘለዉ ተረዲኦም ኣእዳዎም ክእክቡ ሓገዝ ከድልዮም እዩ። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ እቶም ኣብቲ ምንቅስቓስ ዘየለናን ዘይንቅበሎን፡ ሓድነት ኤርትራ ንምድኻም ክሳብ ክንደይ ብዙሕ መጻወድያታት ይጻወድ ከም ዘሎ ክንርዳእ’ሞ እጅገና ሰብሲብና ክንቃለሶ ከም ዝግበኣና ክንፈልጥ የድልየና።

Monday, 09 September 2019 11:01

Nuba and Bani Amer sign accord in Port Sudan

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September 9 - 2019 PORT SUDAN

Member of the Sovereign Council, and commander of the RSF militia, Lt Gen Mohamed Hamdan ‘Hemeti’ congratulates Nuba and Bani Amer at Sunday’s signing ceremony in Port Sudan (Social media)
Member of the Sovereign Council, and commander of the RSF militia, Lt Gen Mohamed Hamdan ‘Hemeti’ congratulates Nuba and Bani Amer at Sunday’s signing ceremony in Port Sudan (Social media)

On Sunday, El Salaam Hall in Port Sudan witnessed the signing ceremony of the reconciliation document reached to contain the recent clashes between Nuba and Bani Amer in Port Sudan.

Several days of violent tribal clashes in Port Sudan earlier this month left at least 35 people dead and scored injured. A 100-vehicle strong unit of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), Sudan’s main government militia, was deployed to the city.

The clashes prompted the Sovereign Council to dismiss the governor and the head of the security service of Red Sea state and to declare a State of Emergency in Port Sudan.

In accordance with the text of the document signed by the two factions on Sunday, a federal fact-finding commission will be formed on the violent events, and to open a police station in the area where the fighting erupted, in addition to the payment of compensation of SDG 880 million ($18.7 million*).

It was also decided to collect all licensed and unlicensed weapons while considering the possibility of releasing those arrested during the clashes, and it was decided to hold a reconciliation conference between the conflicting tribesmen.

Member of the Sovereign Council, and commander of the RSF militia, Lt Gen Mohamed Hamdan ‘Hemeti’ said that “the circumstances of the country require cooperation from all”.

He said upon receiving the signed reconciliation document that “the unfortunate tribal violence in Port Sudan came while the country is on the threshold of a real change towards citizenship rather than tribalism.

He called on the parties to the conflict to bear their responsibility and prevent new bloodshed. Sudan depends mainly on the port of Port Sudan. He stressed the government’s efforts to address the problems in the state, especially recurrent water and electricity outages.


September 9, 2019 News, Top news, Uncategorized

Kibreab Tesfamichael

BBC Tigrinya confirmed that Kibreab Tesfamichael, the government’s media head of sports department – ERI-TV, abandoned his post and refused to return to Eritrea while he was covering the 12th African Games held from 19 to 31 August 2019 in Rabat, Morocco.  The report stated that Mr Tesfamichael has been relocated to a third country now.

After graduating from Barka Secondary School in 1997 in Asmara, he joined the Arts College of Asmara for further studies. After Arts College he secured a rare placement at Asmara University and studied journalism for another three years. He was even luckier to be assigned to the Ministry of Information upon completion, an opportunity which is confined to a selected group of selected individuals.

Kibreab worked at the Ministry of Information for the last 15 years; he is an experienced sports journalist.  In 2016 he travelled to Brazil with Team Eritrea during the Games of the XXXI Olympiad (Rio 2016). He transmitted numerous stories from to Eritrea.

BBC has confirmed that Kibreab is out of Morocco at this moment; however, it is not known exactly which country has granted him asylum.

During his spare time Kibreab used to write lyrics and he is the author of the TV series ‘Aye seb’ (Oh man!).

Kibreab is the brother of the renowned journalist Natsinet Tesfamichael.


Monday, 09 September 2019 10:52

Radio Demtsi Harnnet Sweden 07.09.2019

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ኤርትራውያን፡ ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ሃይማኖታት እንኣምን፡ ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ኣውራጃታት እንሰፍር፡ ከበሳን መታሕትን እንበሃሃልን ብዙሕ እንግለጸሉ መለይታት ዘለናን ምዃንና ውሁብን ዘየዛርብን እዩ። እዚ ክወሃሃድ እንከሎ ከኣ፡ ውቁብን ረዚንን ኤርትራውነት የውህበና፡ ነዚ መለለይ ብዙሕነትና በበይኑ ወሲድና ከነንጠልጥሎ እንከላና ግና፡ ክትርእዮ ዘይምልኩዕ ክትመዝኖ እንከላኻ ከኣ ዘይሓያል ኮይኑ፡ ኣየሕብንን። እዚ ብዙሕነትና ኣውራጃ፡ ብሄር ይኹን ሃይማኖት፡ ማዕረ ነናቱ ክብርን ቦታን ዘለዎ እምበር፡ ሓደ ትሕቲ ሓደ ዝስራዕ ኣይኮነን፡ ንሓደ ካብኡ መዚዝካ ኣበሪኽካ ነቲ ካልእ ክትደቚስን ከተነኣእስን ምፍታን ብኹሉ መለክዒ ዘይከኣል፡ ዘይፈትሓውን ዘየድምዕን እዩ። ልዕሊ ኩሉ ከኣ ኤርትራዊ ሓድነት የዳኽም። ሳዕቤን ሓድነታ ናይ ዝተዳኸመት ኤርትራ እንታይ ምዃኑ ከኣ ንኹላትና ፍሉጥ እዩ። ወትሩ ንሓድነት እንሰብኽን እንሕለቕን ከኣ ካብዚ ብሰንኪ  ኤርትራዊ ሓድነት ብምድኻሙ ከጋጥም ዝኽእል ኣሉታዊ ሳዕቤን ንምድሓን እዩ።

ስለምንታይን ብኸመይን እዚ ኣቐዲሙ ዝተጠቕሰ ናይ ብዙሕነት ጸጋ ከም ዝወነና ክንመራመር እንገደደሉ ምኽንያት የብልናን። ምኽንያቱ ኣሚናን ርዒምናን ዝተቐበልናዮ ስለ ዝኾነ። ኣብዚ ዘድልየና ከምቲ ንነናትና መንነት እንኽብሮ ናይ ካለኦት እውን ምኽባር ዘይስገር ግቡእ እዩ። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ኤርትራና ብሓደ ሃይማኖት፡ ብሓደ ኣውራጃ፡ ብሓደ ብሄር እትልለ ክንገብራ ዘድክም የብልናን። ብናይ ኩልና መንነት እኩብ ድምርን ስኒትን ዝወቀበ ብዙሕነት ከኣ ኩልና እንሕበነሉ ኤርትራዊ መንነት ይኸውን። ነጸብራቕ ነናትና መንነት ጐሊሑ ዝረኣየሉ ኣብ በቦታኡ ኮይኑ፡ እቲ በሪኹ ዝስማዕ ግና እቲ ብብዙሕነት ዝመልከዐ ልዕሊ ኩሉ መንነታት ዝስራዕ ኤርትራውነት እዩ።

መንነታዊ ብዙሕነትና ኣብ ክንዲ ሓይልና ድኻምና፡ ኣብ ክንዲ መልክዕና ክፋእና ዝኸውን ወጢጥና ፖለቲካዊ መሳርሒ ክንገብሮ ክንፍትን እንከለና እዩ። ሃይማኖት ካብ ቤተ-እምነት ወጺኡ፡ ኣውራጃ ካብ ውሱን ገደቡ ሰጊሩ፡ እቲ ካልእ ዝተረፈ ብዙሕነትውን ከምኡ ቀያሕቲ መስመራት ሰጊሩ ኣብ ፖለቲካዊ  መድረኽ ክዕብልል እንተፈቲኑ እቲ ዘስዕቦ እንታይ ከም ዝኸውን ንኹላትና ርዱእ’ዩ። ብኸምዚ ዓይነት ሕሳብ ክምርሑ ዝፈተኑ ወገናት ኣብ ከመይ ደረጃ ከም ዘለዉ ንፈልጥ ኢና። እዚ ማለት ግና ተወዳዳሪ ፖለቲካዊ ናይ ኣተሓሳስባ ብዙሕነት ኣይነዘውትር ማለት ኣይኮነን። ስለዚ ጉዳይ ፖለቲካዊ መድረኽ ክለዓል እንከሎ፡ ኣብቲ መድረኽ ዓብላሊ ክኸው ዝግበኦ ኤርትራውነትን ኣብ ክሉ ዝዋሳእ ናይ ፖለቲካዊ ኣረኣእያ ብዙሕነትን ክኸውን ይግበኦ። እቲ ኣብዚ ኤርትራዊ መድረኽ እነልዕሎ ዛዕባታት ነቲ ኣቐዲምና ዝጠቐስናዮ ብዙሕነትና ይጸልዎ እዩ። ይጸልዎ እዩ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ፡ ኤርትራን ኤርትራውነትን ኣብ ጽኑዕ መሰረት ኣብ ዘይደልደለሉ፡ ሃይማኖት፡ ኣውራጃ፡ ብሄርን  ካልእ ብዙሕነትን ኣይስስንን ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ህላውኡ’ውን ኣብ ምልክት ሕቶ ይኣቱ።

እዚ ሕጂ ዘለናዮ ዘይተኣርነበ  ኤርትራዊ ፖለቲካዊ ኩነታት፡ ጠንቅታቱ’ዩ ብዙሓት ወድዓውን በዓልቤታውን ምኽንያታት እዮም። ኣበይን መዓስን ኣብቲ ብዙሕነትና ተደሪሕኽና  በበይንና ንወፍር፡ ኣበይን መዓስንከ ኣብ ኤርትራውነት ኣትኪልና ብሓባር ንኸትት ኣነጺርና ክንርደኦን ከነተግብሮን ዘይምኽኣልና ካብቲ ቀንዲ ጸገማትና ሓደ ምዃኑ ኩልና ንስሕቶ ኣይመስለንን። ኣብ ብዙሕ ኣጋጣሚታት፡ ሃይማኖታዊ እምነትካ፡ ኣውራጃኻ ወይ ቋንቋኻ ኣቐዲምካ ናይ ካለኦት ናይ ምንእኣስን ምውሓጥን ዝንባለታት ንዕዘብ ኢና። እዚ ዘይሚዛናዊ ኣተሓሕዛ’ዚ ኣብቲ ካለኦት ብዙሕነት እውን የንጸባርቕ እዩ። ሕሉፍ ሓሊፉ፡ ፖለቲካዊ ኣረዳድኣና ናይ ሓደ ካብዚ ብዙሕነትና ሃይማኖት፡ ኣውራጃ ድዩ ብሄር መተግበሪ ከም ዝኸውን ናይ ምግባር ፈተነታት ንዕዘብ ኢና። ነቲ ሳላ ብዙሓት ክንስና ከም ሓደ ሰጢምና ዝሰነድናዮ ናይ ሓባር ታሪኽና ብዘይሚዛናዊ ቀይስካ ሓደ ፍሉይ መንነት ካብ መንነታትና ከተግንነሉ ምህቃን እውን ኣሎ። እዚ ግጉይ ፈተነታት ሓድነትና ዘዳኽም እዩ። ሓድነትና ክሳብ ዝተዳኸመ ከኣ ነቲ ምእንቲ ልዕልና ሕግን ፍትሕን፡ ሰላምን ልምዓት ዲሞክራስያዊ ስርዓትን እነካይዶ ዘለና ቃልሲ መሰረታዊ ዕንቅፋት እዩ። ዕንቅፋት ከኣ ጣንቂ ውድቀት ከይከውን ክእለ ይግበኦ።

ንልለየሉ ፍሉይ መንነትና ተዓቂቡ፡ ፖለቲካዊ ቅኒትና ኤርትራን ኤርትራውነትን ዝማእከሉ እንተኾይኑ ሓያል ናይ ለውጢ ማዕበል ከም እንፈጥር ዘጠራጥር ኣይኮነን። በበይንና እነካይዶ ኣበርክቶ ግና፥ ሓያልን ዘድምዕን ማዕብል ዘይፈጥር ካብ ምዃን ኣይሓልፍን። እዚ ከኣ ነቲ ኣብ ሃገርና ዘሎ ጭቆናን ወጽዓን መሊሱ ዘሻድኖ እምበር ዘወግዶ ኣይኮነን። “ሓቢርና ንቃልስ” እንብል ንኹልና በሃግቲ ለውጢ ኤርትራውያን ብማዕረ ዘርብሓና ንሱ ስለ ዝኾነ እዩ። በይንኻ ምዃን  ግና ኣብ ህልኽን ዋጢጥን ካብ ምንባር ሓሊፉ ጻማ የብሉን። ኣድላይነት ሓቢርካ ምቅላስ ከም እምነት ካብ እንሕዞ ነዊሕ ግዜ ኮይኑ እዩ። ብተግባር ከምቲ ንኣምኖ ኮይና ኣብ ምቕራብ ግና መሰረታዊ ጸገም ኮይኑና ዘሎ እዩ። ኣብዚ እዋንዚ ከም መቐጸልታ ናይቲ ኣብ ዙርያ ኤርትራውነት ንምዕሳል ክግበር ዝጸንሐ ጻዕሪ “ይኣክል ንወጽዓ ህግድፍን ተበታቲንካ ቃልስን” ዝቓንኡ ድርብ ዕላማ ዘለዎ መድረኽ ምፍጣሩ ነቲ ክሳብ ሕጂ ዘይደየበናዮ ጐቦ፡ ካብ ሕጂ ንደሓር ከም እንድይቦ ዘመላኽት እዩ። ካብዚ ሓሊፉ ኣብ ክንዲ ንኤርትራዊ ብዙሕነትና ዝምጥንን ዘንጸባርቕን ናይ ሓባር ዓቕሚ ንፈጥር፡ ነናብቲ ትሕቲ ሃገራውነት ዝንባለታትና እንተ ዛዚና “ብዙሓትን ጥምዙሓትን” ዘይንበሃለሉ ምኽንያት የለን’ሞ ነስተውዕል።

Sunday, 08 September 2019 11:25

Scars and trauma run deep for Eritrean refugees

Written by

Luxembourg Letter: Europeans have little idea of abuses used to solidify EU borders

Sally Hayden and Yosi in Luxembourg: Yosi (16) was told by authorities he was 25, perhaps to circumvent fact minors benefit from greater protection.

Sally Hayden and Yosi in Luxembourg: Yosi (16) was told by authorities he was 25, perhaps to circumvent fact minors benefit from greater protection.

It’s been one year since I first started getting messages from refugees locked up in Libyan detention centres. Using hidden phones, they risked brutal retaliation to send information about the horrors they were experiencing, and how the European Union is directly implicated. They hoped some good would come from this being exposed to the world, but little has changed since.

Libya, a war-torn country in North Africa, was once a key transit state for people trying to reach Europe. Since 2017, tens of thousands of refugees and migrants have been returned there from the Mediterranean Sea and locked up indefinitely. Most were intercepted by the EU-supported Libyan coast guard, under a deal aimed at stopping migration to Europe.

In detention, they face disease, sickness, forced labour and sexual violence. Tuberculosis is common. Medical care, food and water are lacking. Hundreds of children and minors are among the incarcerated, left without an education. Couples are separated. In one detention centre, at least 22 people died in eight months.

A small number manage to escape.

One of the first people to contact me from a Libyan detention centre was Yosi. He was being held with hundreds of others in Ain Zara, south Tripoli, when conflict broke out in August 2018. Buildings smoked around them, while fighters patrolled with anti-aircraft guns outside.

In April this year, war in Tripoli erupted again. A week into it, one of Yosi’s close friends, a 17 year old called Meron, died after throwing himself into a septic tank behind their detention centre. Meron was traumatised and depressed from all that he had experienced. “Today I hated living in this shameful world,” Yosi told me. “I lost my friend, brother, my everything . . . Meron was a good boy.”

Evacuated to Italy

In May, Yosi was evacuated to Italy by the United Nations Refugee Agency – one of a lucky few. He received little help from Italian authorities, and decided to travel on to Luxembourg, after seeing fellow Eritreans sleeping on the streets and worrying that would be his future.

Last month, I finally met him in person.

On my first day in Luxembourg, we talked for more than 10 hours. We walked around the city, through the caving park and by the ancient castles. We went back to the reception centre where he shared close quarters with dozens of other asylum seekers, all waiting for decisions on their cases.

The whole time we were discussing Libya and everything he has gone through. Yosi was tortured by smugglers and abused by Libyan guards. He has many scars: physical and mental.

Yosi doesn’t like being in cars anymore or any small spaces, because it reminds him of being locked up. He jumps at the sound of a slamming door or a dog barking.

A few days before we met there were fireworks, part of some festival. Yosi ran outside, believing the sound was heavy weapons. He wanted to know how far off the missile was.

Eritreans who flee towards Europe, like Yosi, are often underage. They escape before they are forced to begin a programme of indefinite, mandatory military service, which has been likened to slavery by the United Nations.

Ageing test

Though the UN Refugee Agency interviewed Yosi in Libya and gave him papers saying he was 16 years old, Luxembourg’s authorities accuses him of lying. They ordered a medical test designed to measure physical growth, which has been criticised as inaccurate by activists and aid workers. Afterwards, officials told Yosi he is 25.

“What’s at stake is big here: minors benefit from a much bigger protection,” Ambre Schulz told me last week. Schulz works at Passerell, an organisation that gives legal help to refugees and migrants in Luxembourg, including Yosi.

Shortly after my visit, Yosi was moved back to another detention centre, a crushing blow in the country he hoped to make his home. He may be deported back to Italy, where he was first fingerprinted. He’s hoping his case can be reconsidered.

Yosi’s age isn’t the only part of his story that has been questioned. He’s realising most Europeans have no idea of the gross human rights abuses being used to solidify EU borders. After he was taken to hospital in Luxembourg with an ankle injury, from playing football, he told one of the medical staff he has a problem remembering instructions because of the trauma in his past.

He spoke of detention centres in Libya, of torture and violence. He said she didn’t believe him. “She was confused,” he said. “She said like [/laughing/], is it a movie?”


Saturday, 07 September 2019 10:30

PFDJ Militia in Norway Exposed

Written by

September 7, 2019 News

Source: 9 hours ago Pencil http://awate.com/?p=468380">3


In recent years, the number of Eritrean refugees and asylum seekers in Europe has increased drastically.

Most of them claim to have escaped from the harsh indefinite military service imposed on them by the, “Peoples’ Front for Democracy and Justice” (PFDJ), the Eritrean ruling party.

The unelected PFDJ government has been in power since 1991; it is the only political party allowed to operate in Eritrea. The PFDJ is intolerant of any dissent to the extent that it has imprisoned veterans of the struggle and senior government officials due to their dissenting views. However, the imprisoned were never charged with any offense, and together with hundreds of others, most have been in jail for decades.

Out of the tens of thousands of refugees and asylees in the Diaspora, Norway hosts about 23,000 Eritreans. A considerable number among them are recent arrivals from Eritrea and have applied for asylum claiming to have fled from the oppressive military service in Eritrea.

On August 3, 2019, many of the recent arrivals who claimed to have fled rejecting the forceful service at Sawa military camp, were at the Bryn Eventhallen in Oslo to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the same Sawa military camp they fled from. Yemane Gebreab, a senior official of the PFDJ, whose official title blurs from presidential advisor, to the chief of the PFDJ’s diaspora youth organization, to shadowing Osman Saleh, the foreign minister, flew in from Eritrea to attend the Eventhallen celebration.

Many Eritrean exiles, particularly Eritrean Norwegians were furious about the ungratefulness of the refugees to Norway that accepted them with open hands and compassion.

As if confirming their claims were lies, many staged a show, at the Eventhallen, clad in military fatigue and PFDJ paraphernalia. The event was spiced with marching band music and lots of flags. And together with the guest of honor, Yemane Gebreab, they danced off the night promoting militarism thousands of miles away from the place where they claimed they fled from to avoid the indefinite military service.

The event raised many eyebrows after Norwegian media reported it, and it triggered a debate between Norwegian parties, mainly by those who want to curb immigration.

A source told awate.com the Norwegian Justice Minister has instructed the UDI (immigration department) to investigate the cases of those who have been granted asylum on false pretensions.

It’s likely the UDI will investigate people who pays the 2% tax to the PFDJ regime, those who travel to Eritrea on green passport in violation of the 1951 UN Convention of providing travel document to refugees, and those who promote the regime they claimed to have fled from.

Professor Kjetil Tronvoll,  a well-respected Norwegian scholar, was quoted by Sputniknews.com as saying: “It’s paradoxical… some people celebrate the regime, because they are regime supporters, even though they have been granted asylum on the grounds of fleeing the regime.”

The Norwegian Justice Ministry is likely to investigate  and revise the applications. Thus, the residence permits of many who were admitted to Norway on false claims could be revoked. Norway though a welcoming and tolerant country, it is very strict on falsification of immigration claims. It’s known to have expelled several longtime residents and achievers because they had made false claims in the past.

Eritrean Norwegian activists are determined to cooperate with the authorities to help identify falsifiers in order to protect innocent immigrants from being wrongly affected by any decision.

Since the last few weeks, suspected falsifiers are overwhelmed by anxiety because they never considered the possibility that authorities could pursue them seriously in the future for any false claim.

In addition to the falsifying, and in total disregard to the conditions of their acceptance as asylees, many of them travel back to Eritrea with Green Norwegian passports, and report on the activities of dissenters. They also harass and intimidate anti-PFDJ elements in the diaspora.

Green Norwegian passports are given to non-naturalized immigrants while holders of red Norwegian passports are full citizens.

Though shooting of photos and videos was not allowed at the August 3 event, many clips were leaked and found their way to social media platforms. Since the last few days, those whose pictures appeared are frantically trying to pull off the images from social media platforms without much success.

A longtime citizen of Norway wondered, “how can one leave his country because of the oppression of the regime and then celebrate it with pride!”

We, the undersigned Eritrean Justice-seeking (opposition) political parties, civic organizations, and study groups, met in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on June 22-23, 2019, under the auspices of Meadi-Zete/TempoAfricTv, to discuss the need to work together to advance our common political activities in pursuit of bringing democratic change in Eritrea. After meeting for two days discussing the various fundamental issues that are affecting the Eritrean political landscape, and enhancing our common understanding in addressing critical Eritrean political issues, we resolve that:

1. We will work together and coordinate our efforts to defeat the dictatorial regime and bring about democratic change in Eritrea;

2. We will take positive actions to support each other in areas of common national interest;

3. We will strive to coordinate our diplomatic activities;

4. We will work in coordination or coalition among each other towards creating a unified Eritrean opposition movement, including all peoples’ movements in and outside of Eritrea;

5. We support good neighborly relationships with all of Eritrea’s neighbors, however we condemn all forms of agreements that the morally and legally illegitimate dictatorial regime of Eritrea enters with any foreign government or entity since such agreements violate the sovereignty of the people of Eritrea;

6. We believe that the Eritrean defense and security forces are part of the oppressed masses of Eritrean society, and we call on them to stand with their people and be an instrument in charting the democratic change of Eritrea;

7. We recognize that transition from a dictatorial regime to a democratic government is both difficult and critical process, thus, we agree to work earnestly in the development and application of a common transitional charter;

8. We agree to create an implementation forum consisting of representatives from each of the signatories; and

9. We invite other political parties, civic organizations, and study groups to affirm this resolution and participate in the implementation forum.

Glory to our Eritrean Martyrs!
Long-live Sovereign Eritrea!



Eritrean National Council for Democratic Change


Eritrean National Front


Eritrean People Democratic Party


Walta Hayltat Lewti


Global Initiative of Eritreans to Empower Grassroots Movements


Eritrean Sinit Study Group

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