Formulärets nederkant

The most difficult period is the interim period – the period between the fall of dictatorship and build democracy

How much are our people are conscious to build a democratic state accommodating all the rights of the diversity.

The struggle for democracy is not only to replace the dictatorship but next stage is how to build a democratic society that can manage its differences with equality and justice.

 Liberty, equality, brethren and justice must be our motto!!!!!!!!!!

The case of interim –constitution and permanent constitution.

What is the difference between interim and permanent constitution.
Interim –constitution is a legal framework providing a basis for the democratic transition.
Interim or provisional or transitional are the various names given to the period from the fall of dictatorship to the permanent constitution.
In this article I will deal with

Why interim constitution is needed in Eritrea after the fall of the dictatorship. 

Why interim constitution is an issue for discussion at this time

The issue of constitution is the first issue that comes immediately after the fall of the dictatorship. The new democratic system will require an interim- constitution that establishes the desired framework of the transition from the fall of the dictatorship to the establishment of the permanent constitution.

Interim –constitution is supposed to govern during the transitional period – from the fall of dictatorship until the permanent constitution established.

It comes into effect when the regime falls and is handed over to a caretaker government composed the sovereignty of all political organizations. The interim –constitution will function as a basic law during the year of transition until an elected Assembly can draw up a permanent constitution inside the fixed time.

Constitutions are the supreme laws of the nation designed to manage the internal conflict of the Eritrean diversity. They must be arranged in a way that provides the people the opportunity to discuss on their fundamental rights and freedoms not granted by those who were in power.

The Eritrean people must  discuss on them freely and democratically.

The 1997 constitution drafted but not implemented/defunct was under the control of dictatorship. It was not people’s constitution but a one mans constitution and later called a worthless paper and was thrown away by the self- appointed president. If it was of the people why didn’t they defend their constitution and fight against the dictatorship?

An interim constitution is the transitional basic law of the transitional caretaker government until the permanent constitution is drafted and processed. The reason why this issue is crucial and conflict issue is because there is no common understanding what kind of constitution unitary or federal constitution will be suitable to manage conflicts in Eritrea? Eritrea has never ruled under the law since independence and the road map of transition must focus also on the period from the fall of dictatorship up to the building of constitutional government guaranteeing security and safety for all its citizens.

Here , I would like to quote Gene Sharps arguments. Gene Sharp in his book, “ From Dictatorship to Democracy” says that,

“In the interest of preserving the democratic system an impending dictatorial trends and measures, the constitution should preferably be one that establishes a federal system with significant prerogatives reserved for the regional, state, and local levels of government”

In Eritrea there are no functioning constitutions either unitary or federal. Therefore the need for interim constitution is of crucial importance. Those who ignore interim arrangements their aim is to establish themselves as new dictators under the 1997 constitution that was drafted under dictatorship without no freedoms.

Our struggle is not only to remove the dictatorship but looking forward how to arrange the period of transition from dictatorship to permanent constitution.

The Key features of the interim constitution:

  • • Directive principles of the state/ State structure
  • • Citizenship
  • • Fundamental Rights & Duties
  • • Fundamental freedoms
  • • Interim Legislature
  • • Interim- Government
  • • Interim Court
  • • Interim security provisions
  • • Constitutional bodies
  • • Autonomous and local administrations
  • • Constituent Assembly
  • • Transitional Justice and reconciliation
  • • Other miscellaneous provisions

Transition from dictatorship to democracy is both fighting the dictatorship and at the same time laying the foundations for democratic transition.

For most of Eritreans in the opposition or those who support the dictatorship constitution means for them like a bible that comes from the heavens. Why do we need interim legal framework from the fall of the dictatorship to permanent constitution must be one of our agendas and prepare for it while struggling to topple the tyranny.

Constitution Building and its role in conflict management

Constitutional arrangements provide us an important opportunity to manage our internal and external conflicts. When designing a legal framework citizens identify the fundamental values they believe in and the sort of institutions by which they want to be governed. This may involve inclusive and participatory national deliberation resulting in agreements that establish the country’s basic law. Does the 1997 constitution provide us the opportunity to manage our internal and external conflicts? Let us our constitution law makers discuss on it.

References,

SIDA- Swedish International Development Agency, Democratization and armed conflicts

Gene Sharp, From Dictatorship to Democracy

IDEA- Constitution building and Electoral Assitance

Sunday, 01 December 2019 11:48

Radio Dimtsi Harnnet Sweden 30.11.2019

Written by

“ሓሳውስ ምስክሩ የርሕቕ” ይብል ምስላ ኣበው። ጋዜጣ ሓዳስ ኤርትራ ኣብ ናይ መበል 29  ዓመት ቁ.76 ናይ ዕለት 28 ሕዳር 2019 ሕታማ፥ ኣብ ዘውጸኣቶ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጺ”ዕብዳን ቐጠርን ውጥን ኲናት 2019ን” ብዝብል ዝጸሓፈቶ ኣብ ታሕቲ ሰፊሩ ዘሎ እዩ።

“ቐጠር፡ ኣብ’ዚ ዝሓለፈ ዓመታት፡ ካብ መሬት ሱዳን ኣንጻር ህዝብን መንግስትን ኤርትራ ተበግሶ ብዛዕባ ዝነበረት ተጻብኦታት ዝተዋህበ መግለጺታት ዝዝከር’ዩ። ሱዳን ከም መድረኽ ሽበራዊ ሸርሕታት እናጸበበ ኣብ ዝኸደሉ ዘሎናዮ ዓመት፡ ዕብዳን ቐጠር፡ ኣሸቀልታን ከደምታን እናዓረገ ስለዝኸደ፡ ሓድሽ ውጥን ቐጠር፡ እዚ ስዒቡ ዘሎ 10 ነጥብታት ዝሓዘ ሰነድ’ዩ።

እቲ ውጥን፡ ኣብ’ዚ 10 ነጥብታት ከይተሓጽረ፡ ናይ ምብራቕ ሱዳን “ቀቢላዊ ምንቛት” ዘጠቓልል’ውን እዩ።

  1. ፖለቲካውያን መራሕቲ ተቓወምቲ ስርዓት ኤርትራ ብምእካብ፡ መሳርዖም ኣስሚርካ ምድጋፎም።
  2. ኣተኲሮ ናብ ኤርትራውያን መንእሰያት፡ ኣንጻር ስርዓት ኤርትራ ምንዕዓቦም፡ መሳርዖም ከኣ ምውዳብ።
  3. ካብ እስላማውያን ተቓወምቲ ንስርዓት ኤርትራ ብምጥቃም፡ ኣብ ውሽጦም ሃይማኖታዊ ክብርታት ብምዝራእ/ብምስራጽ፡ ሃይማኖታዊ ቅኒት ምህራም፡ ንኣስላም ኣንጻር ካልኦት ምንዕዓብ።
  4. ኣብ ውሽጢ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ፡ ቀቢላዊ ጽልኢ ምዝራእ።
  5. ጽርግያ ኤርትራ፡ ኣንጻር ስርዓት ኤርትራ ተቓውሞታትን ኣድማታትን ምእንቲ ኪገብር፡ ንምድፍፋእ ምፍታን።
  6. ንስርዓት ኤርትራ ዝቃወሙ ሓይልታት “ኣል’እኽዋን ኣልሙስልሚን”፡ ኣብ ዓውዲታት ነተጒትን ምውዳድ ድብያታትን ቅትለት ኣገደስቲ ሰባትን ምስልጣኖም፡ ምድጋፎምን ምድላዎምን። ካብኡ ናብ ኤርትራ ሰዲድካ ስርሒታት ከምዝፍጽሙ ምግባር።
  7. ናይ ስርዓት ኤርትራ ጸለውቲ መራሕቲ ምቕንጻል።
  8. ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ቁጠባዊ ከባቢታት ምዕናው።
  9. ተጻባኢ ዜና ምጽዓቕ።
  10. ኣብ ውሽጢ ኣህጉራዊ ውድባትን ናይ ወጻኢ ሃገራትን፡ ንፍጹም ስእነት ሰብኣዊ መሰል ኣብ ሃገረ ኤርትራ ምግዋሕን፡ ሰነዳትን ቪድዮታትን ምስናቖምን። ዓጀብ ዘብል ውጥን!

(እቲ ንምብራቓዊ ሱዳን ዝምልከት “ቀቢላዊ ምንቛት”ን ዝርዝራቱን፡ ኣብ ቀጻሊ መግለጺታት ክቐርብ’ዩ።) ዓወት ንሓፋሽ! ሚኒስትሪ ዜና ኣስመራ - 28 ሕዳር 2019”

ቅድሚ ገለ መዓልትታት ኣብ ሱዳን ንናይ ዓሊ ቢታይ ብመንግስቲ ኤርትራ ዝተገብረሉ ሕክምናዊ ወጻኢታት  ንወጻኢ ከይዱ ከምዝተሓከመ  ዜናታት ሱዳን ገሊጸነኦ ነይረን። ስዒቡ ድማ ገለ ውድባት እቲ ቀደም ኣብ ኣስመራ ብጉዳይ ናይ ምብራቓዊ ሱዳን ዝነበረ ናይ ሰላም ስምምዓት ዝተፈራረሙን ብኡ መሰረት ከምዝጎዓዙን እውን ተወሳኺ ዜና ተዋሂቡ። ስርዓት ኢሰያስ ብኹሉ ጎድንታቱ ደጊም ኣብ ናይ ተስፋ ምቚራጽ ምእታው ዘርኢ ምልክታት እዩ።

ቅድም ክብል ንኹሉ ሓጢኣት ኣብ ልዕሊ ክሳድ መንግስቲ ኣመሪካ ብምውራድ እንታይ ዘይበለ። ንእስራኤል ውን ሓንሳብ ሸበብ ኣቢሉዋ ነይሩ። ሎሚ ድማ ኣንጻር ቐጠር ዛዝዩ ነዚ ልዕል ኢሉ ብመግለጺ መልክዕ ወጺኡ ዘሉ ክኸስስ ይርከብ። ንምዃኑ እዚ ጨቛኒ ስርዓት እዝስ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቡ ዝፍጽሞ ዘሎ ግፍዕን መከራን ጨኾናንከ እዞም ከም መፋወኒ ዘቕርቦም ዘለዉ ዲዮም ከምኡ ግበር ኢሎሞ? ወይ ነቲ ንሱ ኣብ ልዕሊ ህዝቢ ዝፍጽሞ ዘሎ ግፍዕን ጭፍጨፋን ብርግጽ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘርብሕን ዝሰርሕን ኮይኑ ዲዩ ዝስመዖ ዘሎ? ብሓቂ ዘስደምም እዩ።

እቲ በብግዚኡ ንስልጣኑ ዘናውሕን፥ ኣብ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ ጎብለል ኮይኑ ክዕንትርን ብማለት ዝገብሮ ዝነበረ ምትኹታዃት ኩሉ ምስ ፈሸሎ ኣመሪካ ዘርያትኒ፥ ኢስራኤል ሰልያትኒ፥ ቐጠር ደገመትኒ ክብል ለይቲ ምስ መዓልቲ የህተፍትፍ ኣሎ። እዚ ናይ ምብራቕ ሱዳን ቀቢላዊ ምንቛት ንሱ ባዕሉ ንጨቛኒ ስርዓት ዑመር በሺር ከዳኽም ክብል ዝፈጠሮ ክንሱ፡ ከመይ ኢሉ ኢዩ ናብ ቐጠር ዘሳብቦ ዘሎ።

እቲ ሰራዊት ምክልኻል ሃገረ ኤርትራ ዘይረኸቦ ሓለፋታትን ብጥሙይ ከብዱን ጥራይ ዝባኑን ፥ ንመንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ ድቃስ ዝኸልኡ ተቓወምቲ ውድባት እናዓንገለ ኣብ መሬት አርትራ ዝሕብሕብ ዝነበረ ረሲዕዎ ድዩ ንቐጠር ዘላግበላ። መን ድዩ ናይ ቅንጸላታትን ሽበራን ተግባራት ዘካይድ ዝነበረን ዘሎን? ርሑቕ ከይከድና ኣብዚ ቀረባ መዓልቲ ንናይ ኣሰና ረድዮን ተለቪዝዮንን ልሳን ውጹዕ ህዝቢ ኮይና እተቃልሕ ዘካይድ ኣማኑኤል እያሱ ኣብ ልዕሊኡ ዝተሃቀነ መጠቃዕቲ ቐጠር ዲያ ፍሒሳቶ ወይ ኣሊማቶ?

ስርዓት ኢሰያስ እምበኣር ንስልጣኑ ክብል ዝገብሮ ሽበራዊ ስርሓት፡ ወዮ ደኣ ህዝብና ምስማዕ ኣብዩ እምበር፡ ሎሚ ዝጀመሮ ዘይኮነስ ከሎ ገና ብግስ ከይበለ ንመቓልስቱ እንዳበልዐን ንተጋደልትን መሪሕነትን ተጋድሎ ሓርነት ኤርትራ እናቐንጸለ፡ ዝመጸ ባእታ ኢዩ። እዚ ናይ ፈራሓት ስጉምቲ እዚ ነቲ ኣብ ዲያስፖራ ዘሎ ተቓዋሚ ሓይሊ ንምርዓድን፥ ንምሽቚራርን ዝፍጽሞ ዘሎ ምዃኑ ርዱእ እዩ።

እወ! ነዚ ከምዚ እኩይ ስራሓት ከካይድ ዝሕግዞ ምኽንያት ኣለዎ። እቲ ቀንዲ ምኽንያት ድማ እዚ ሓይሊ ተቓውሞ ጥርኑፍ ስለዘይኮነ፡ በብሓደ ስጉምቲ ምስ ዝወስድ ኩሉ ይርዕድን ይፈርህን ዝብል ሓሳብ ኢዩ። እቲ ቀንዲ ዕላማ ድማ ደጋፍን ተቓዋምን ኣብ ንሓድሕዱ ክተፋነንን ክተሃራረምን ሓድነት እቲ ህዝቢ ላሕሊሑ ምስምማዕ ክስእን ዝምህዞ ዘሎ ውጥን እዩ። እንተኾነ ኢሰያስ ኣይተረደኦን እምበር፡ ከምዚ ዝዓይነቱ ተግባራት ነቲ ደምበ ተቓውሞ መሊሱ ከም ዘደልድሎን ክጠራነፍን እዩ ዝገብሮ እምበር፡ ርዒዱን ፈሪሁንሲ ንመሰሉ ህይወቱ እውን ክሕልፍ ድሉው ምዃኑ ይዝንግዖ ኣሎ።

ደጊም ደምበ ተቓውሞ ነዚ “መለበምን ኣይግበርካ መለበምን ኣይኽላእካ” ዝበሃል ምስላ፡ እንቋዕ ደኣ ሞት ኮይኑ ኣይመጸ እምበር፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ሓውና ተቓላሳይ ኣማኑኤል እያሱ ዝተፈጸመ መጥቃዕቲ፡ ኩሉ ደላይ ለውጢ ኤርትራዊ ንኽሓስብን፥ እንታይ ክገብር ከምዘለዎ ክበላሓትን ዘበራብርን ዝሕብርን እዩ። ሎሚ ኩሉ ፖለቲካዊ ሰልፍታት፡ ማሕበራትን፥ ምንቅስቓሳትን ናተይ ናትካ ምባል ገዲፉ ናይ ሓባርና ኢሉ ሓደ ንኹሉ ዝሓቊፍ ሰፊሕ ናይ ሓባር ጽላል ብዝቐልጠፈ ክምስረት ኣለዎ።

29 Nov 2019 - 11:09

Qatar rejects false accusations by Eritrean Information Ministry

QNA

The State of Qatar has totally rejected false accusations contained in a statement by the Eritrean Ministry of Information, stressing that Qatar has nothing to do with any factions or groups in Eritrea, a matter which the Eritrean government knows very well.

In a statement yesterday, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was surprised by the sudden issuance of the Eritrean statement by the Ministry of Information, instead of resorting to the diplomatic and legal channels that are recognised in the international community. This raises suspicion about the real intentions and the parties behind this unrealistic statement”, the Ministry’s statement noted.

The statement said that the State of Qatar had delivered a protest note in April to the Ambassador of the Republic of Eritrea to Qatar, expressing its disapproval and surprise at a similar statement issued by the Eritrean Ministry of Information.

The statement said that the Ambassador of the Republic of Eritrea to the African Union had called on the State of Qatar to mediate between his country and Djibouti in their border dispute in 2017, considering the State of Qatar was the main negotiator of the peace agreement signed between the two countries in 2010, if the Eritrean government had any doubt about the truth of these ridiculous allegations issued by the Ministry of Information,it would not have made this request.”

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs called on the Eritrean Ministry of Information to consider the facts and the roots of the problems, rather than accusations and falsification of the facts of a country where the friendly Eritrean people only have full respect and appreciation.

Source=https://www.thepeninsulaqatar.com/article/29/11/2019/Qatar-rejects-false-accusations-by-Eritrean-Information-Ministry

 الخميس ٢٨ نوفمبر ٢٠١٩ - ٠٧:٢٣ بتوقيت غرينتش 
  Foreign Minister of Quatar

      
قالت وزارة الخارجية القطرية أن "الاتهامات التي جاءت في بيان وزارة الإعلام الإرتيرية مرفوضة وباطلة"، مشددة على أنها "لا علاقة لها من قريب أو بعيد بأي فصائل أو جماعات في إرتيريا، وهو ما تعرفه الحكومة الإرتيرية جيداً"، بحسب بيان لها.

العالم- قطر
واضافت وزارة الخارجية القطرية، في بيان لها، اليوم الخميس، انها "تستغرب صدور البيان الإرتري المفاجئ من وزارة الإعلام تحديداً، عوضاً عن اللجوء إلى القنوات الدبلوماسية والقانونية المتعارف عليها في المجتمع الدولي، معتبرة أن ذلك يثير الريبة حول النوايا الحقيقية والأطراف التي تقف خلف هذا البيان البعيد عن الواقع"، على حد قولها.
وبينت أن "دولة قطر كانت قد سلمت مذكرة احتجاج، في أبريل الماضي، إلى سفير جمهورية إرتيريا لدى الدوحة، عبّرت فيها عن استهجانها واستغرابها من بيان مماثل كان قد صدر من وزارة الإعلام الإرتيرية".
وأوضحت أن "سفير إرتيريا لدى الاتحاد الأفريقي كان قد دعا دولة قطر إلى التوسط بين بلاده وجيبوتي في خلافهما الحدودي، في عام 2017".
وأضافت: "السفير الإرتيري اعتبر أن دولة قطر هي المفاوض الأساسي لاتفاقية السلام التي وقعت بين الدولتين عام 2010، فإذا كان هناك لدى الحكومة الإرتيرية أدنى شك في حقيقة هذه المزاعم المثيرة للسخرية التي صدرت من وزارة إعلامها لما كانت تقدمت بهذا الطلب".
ودعت وزارة الخارجية "وزارة الإعلام الإرتيرية إلى النظر في الحقائق وجذور المشاكل بدلاً من كيل الاتهامات وتزوير الوقائع لدولة لا تكنّ للشعب الإرتري الصديق إلا كل الاحترام والتقدير".
يشار إلى أن تم توقيع اتفاق بين ارتيريا وجيبوتي لتسوية النزاع الحدودي بمنطقة دميرة الحدودية على البحر الأحمر، في مارس عام 2011، والتي كانت موضع نزاع بينهما لعقود.

Source=https://www.alalamtv.net/news/4582176/الخارجية-القطرية-تستنكر-البيان-الإرتيري-وتعتبره-مشبوه

November 18, 2019

Social Democrats and Socialist Parties that came from all of the continents participated at the convention held in Stockholm, capital city of Sweden, on 15-17, 2019. Mr. Menghisteab Asmerom, Head of Organizational Office, and Dr. Habtemichael Teklebrhan, Head of Finance Affairs Office, attended at the convention.

MA and HBT NEW

Dr. Habtemichael Teklebrhan, Head of Finance Affairs Office and Mr. Menghisteab Asmerom, Head of Organizational Office, at the convention auditorium

The E.P.D.P. delegation distributed a written material that demonstrates the current abysmal condition in Eritrea to the convention attendees. The written material that was distributed to the convention participants expressively manifested the agreement forged between the Eritrean and Ethiopian leaders that failed to bring any change to Eritrea and its' people on one side and it exposed the flagrant human rights deprivation perpetrated by the regime in Eritrea on the other hand. It further elaborated that today's Eritrea like yesterday is without constitution and rule of law, a playground for a galloping sole dictator, a country characterized by absence of freedoms of press, expression, association and organization where fellow Eritreans are hunted down on the basis of their religious and political beliefs; where existence of contesting parties is denied, religious properties and establishments are confiscated and its people became a victim of migration and human traffickers. On top of that, the E.P.D.P. delegation participated in discussions and adaption of political resolutions and practical programs, electing board members and various issues regarding the Alliance and its activities all over the world. Based on the constitution of the Progressive Alliance that states one vote for one party, the E.P.D.P participated in electing board members, ratifying drafts and work programs as well.

MA electing

Mr. Menghisteab Asmerom, Head of Organizational Office, while casting his vote

 

It is to be remembered that the E.P.D.P. became a member of the Progressive Alliance in its inaugural congress held in May 22, 2013 at Leipzig, Germany. Following that it participated in the Progressive Alliance conventions held in Tunisia, Rotterdam (Holland) and Stockholm (Sweden).

Herein is summary reportage of the convention

**************************************

Reportage of the Progressive Alliance in Stockholm city, Sweden

FRIDAY, 15 NOVEMBER 2019

A convention attended by Social Democrats and Socialist Parties that came from all of the continents was held in Stockholm, capital city of Sweden, on 15-17 November 2019.

In November 15, 2019 a meeting of the administrative committee was held whereby all regular and associated members of the Progressive Alliance participated. The meeting was moderated by Mr. Johan Hassel, international secretary of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden, Mr. Constantine Woinoff, Progressive Alliance program coordinator, and Mr. Conny Reuter, General Secretary of SOLIDAR, (both from Germany) to perform the following functions.

  1. Elect a Board of 40 members to lead the Progressive Alliance for the coming 3 years. To secure gender parity in the Board, all parties and organizations are represented by a female and a male candidate. That means each party applying for a seat on the board must nominate two candidates, with at least one female representative.
  2. Discuss and ratify the draft resolutions. The committee had prepared a draft resolution which it called “Saving the two-state solution in Israel and Palestine” where it firmly acknowledged a two-state solution based on the 1967-borders and the Palestinian People’s right to self-determination. Due to the all too well known nature of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, the resolution was not ratified. Instead, it was decided that the board members including Johan Hassel, International Secretary of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden will make some amendments that will make it acceptable by both parties. Israel was represented by two organizations, The Labor Party and Meretz and Palestine was represented by Fatah and Palestinian Initiative.

 

Board and Leaders Meeting

The newly elected Board later convened under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister of Sweden, Mr. Stefan Löfven, to discuss and set the political guidelines, and organizational policy issues as well as to elect the Coordinator and appoint the auditor. Leaders of parties that didn’t have representative on the board were invited to participate without voting rights.

  1. Established political guidelines that govern the Progressive Alliance.
  2. Vote on new membership applications.
  3. Elected new Coordinator and Auditor; the former coordinator, Konstantin Woinoff, was replaced by Conny Reuter.
  4. Voted on a proposed agenda for political work and the agenda consisted of the following points
  • The Progressive Alliance policies in the 21st century.
  • Strategies and international alliances with Trade Unions and Civil Societies.
  • A Global deal for Climate, Jobs and Solidarity.
  • Strategies on struggles against Authoritarian and Right-wing Populist Movements.
  • Approved strategies on challenges for peace and Global Cooperation cooperation.

Plenary Session      

Stefan Löfven (photo below), Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden (SAP) and Prime Minister of Sweden welcomed all participants of the Convention at the biggest meeting hall in his opening speech. In his speech he outlined strategies for the success of the ideals of Social Democracy.

Lofven

Mr Stefan Lofven, the Prime Minister of Sweden

A keynote speech on a new progressive era was delivered by Antonio Costa, Secretary General of the Socialist Party (SP) and Prime Minister of Portugal.

This was followed by a panel discussion under the theme “A new progressive era”. The panelists were:

  1. Stefan Löfven, Prime Minister of Sweden
  2. Antonio Costa, Prime Minister of Portugal
  3. Risa Hontiveros, Senator and chair of the Citizens Action Party (Akbayan), Plilippines
  4. Carlos Lopes, Professor the Mandela School, University of Cape Town
  5. Pamela Rendi-Wagner, Chair of the Social Democratic Party of Austria
  6. Olaf Scholz, Vice Chair of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and Vice Chancellor of Germany
  7. Manish Tewari, Member of Parliament and National Spokesperson of the Indian National Congress (INC)

Lofven 6

It was stated among other things that “Digital Capitalism is not simply a fate which the individual has to accept and cannot alter. We can shape the interaction of politics, industry and society to the benefit of mankind, if only the required changes are backed by a strong progressive movement”.

                             

Climate change and a suitable society

The second panel discussion was on Climate change and a sustainable society. Among the panelists was the Swedish Minister of Finance, Magdalena Andersson.

Global deal for jobs in a digital era

Among the panelists were, Mr. Antti Rinne, leader of the Social Democratic Party and Prime Minister of Finland and Mr. Karl-Petter Thorwaldsson, President of the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO). Managing of the new digital era companies by taxation and research on digital sustainability were vividly discussed.

Peace and security

This panel was presided by Ann Linde, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sweden, Jonas Gahr Store, President of the Labour Part of Norway, Emily Thornberry, Member of Parliament, UK Labour Party, Zoran Zev, Prime Minister of North Macedonia etc. The way North Macedonia solved the conflict concerning its name was lauded and the ever illusive conflict between the Palestinians and Israel was discussed.

Progressive Alliance Award 2019 to Salahattin Demirtaş

Salahattin is the Chairman of the Social Democratic Party in Turkey currently sitting in jail in Turkey. Before handing the price to his wife Başak Demirtaş who also held final speech, a laudatory speech was given by Peter Hultqvist, The Minister of Defence of Sweden and by Sergei Stanishev, President of the Party of European Socialists. The day ended by dinner party hosted by The Social Democratic Party of Sweden and The Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO).

SATURDAY 16 NOVEMBER-TOPIC: THE STRUGGLE FOR JUSTICE

Welcome to The Olof Palme Annual Conference: A welcome speech delivered by Anders Ygeman, chairperson Social Democratic Party in Stockholm and Marita Ulvskog, chairperson, Olof Palme International Center followed by:

The Challenges of Social Democracy in a Globalized World

More and more countries are ruled by authoritarian and intolerant leaders. Income gaps between people are widening. The number of refugees is increasing with the number of conflicts. While Social Democracy is weakened in many places, progressive reforms are needed more than ever. How can the global social democratic movement make its comeback?

Stefan Löfven Prime Minister of Sweden was one of the panelists. The panel was moderated by Anna Sundström, Secretary General, Olof Palme International Center.

Global Justice- What does it mean?

Ann Linde, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sweden and International guest panelist. Johan Hassel, International Secretary of the Swedish Social Democratic Party was the moderator.

Just Transition – From Vision to Action

We are facing the greatest challenges of humanity – climate change. What is the labour movement’s role in the transition towards an environmentally sustainable world?

Lena Rådström-Baastad, Party Secretary, Swedish Social Democratic Party was one of the panelists and Mattias Vepsä, climate policy spokesperson, Social Democratic Part Stockholm was the moderator.

The afternoon session was conducted as follows:

  1. Three parallel Seminars on the Struggle for Democracy and Social Justice
  2. Eastern Europe and the Western Balkans
  3. Israel and Palestine
  4. Ethiopia, Tizta Abraham, activist and Ahmed Ali, Ethiopian Radio in Sweden gave a speech on the current situation in Ethiopia. Moderator was Anders Österberg, Member of Parliament, Swedish Social Democratic Party, East Africa Desk at the foreign relationS committee.

With over 100 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is Africa’s second most populous country. Authoritarian regimes have ruled the country for many years, but since the government of Prime Minister Aby Ahmed took office in the spring of 2018, a wide programme of political and economic reforms has been launched. What challenges lie ahead on the road towards a functioning democracy?

The panelists emphasized that they had high hopes on the government of Dr Abiy, but now that he has not been able to deliver what was promised and failed to take action against the killings and the aggressive Islamic activist Jawar, they have lost confidence and even insinuated that Abiy might commit genocide. They gave a dismal report on the future of Ethiopia. Naturally, the EPDP delegation attended this session and was given the opportunity to comment or ask questions (an opportunity which was not given to other participants). The delegation stated that almost all Eritreans were also excited about the coming of Abiy Ahmed. We all hoped that the democratic changes in Ethiopia might bring changes in Eritrea too. Our hope was dashed by the fact that Prime Minister Abiy signed treaties and agreements with the dictator without any consideration to the needs of the Eritrean people. Finally the EPDP delegation asked the following questions: 1. you stated that Premier Abiy might use force and commit genocide, does he really have the power to order the army considering that most of the military power is in the regional administration areas, kilils? 2. With all the violence taking place in Ethiopia today, do you believe that liberal democracy can be established in our area?     3. In hindsight, do you regret that the Ethiopian elites especially the Amharas pushed the previous TPLF dominated government of Ethiopia too much starting the day they assumed power?

Upon which Ahmed responded briefly as follows: 1. that is the problem, he has no power and we really don’t know what he will or might do. 2. Yes why not, we are also humans. 3. No, they were murderers.

  1. Three parallel Seminars on the mobilization of a progressive counterforce
    1. Democracy under attack
    2. The situation in Turkey and Syria
    3. Progress and Backlash for Gender Equality
  1. Three parallel Seminars on Common Security, Dialogue for Peace
    1. Dual threats-Nuclear Weapons and Climate Change
    2. Social Dialogue
    3. Women, Peace and Security

In the social dialogue session, conversation on how social dialogue can advance peacebuilding and democracy was discussed by taking examples from the Somali and Swedish trade union movement. Osmar Faruk Osman, Secretary General, Federation of Somali Trade Unions and Mohamed Said, Somali National Association in Sweden presented their experiences. Oscar Ernerot, Swedish Trade Union Confederation moderated the discussion. It was heartwarming to hear that the Somali trade union had established a harmonious relationship to the government after eight years of struggle.

  1. Global trends and Common Responses

Jan Eliasson

Jan Eliasson, former Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs and former Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations gave his thoughts and experiences moderated by Anna Sundström.

The day was concluded by Solidarity mingle and dinner.

أصدرت وزارة إعلام النظام الإريتري اليوم 28 نوفمبر بياناً احتوى على 10 نقاط فصلت ما قالت إنه مخطط قطري يستهدف استقرار إريتريا. في سطره الأخير حمل البيان قطر مسؤولية الأحداث القبلية التي شهدتها بورتسودان مؤخراً. في اعتقادي أن السطر الأخير هو الهدف الرئيس من إصدار البيان ولأن النظام ليس لديه ما يقوله هنا فقد جاء في البيان إن تفاصيل على علاقة بالموضوع ستنشر قريباً.
فيما لي بعض الملاحظات حول البيان:
1- يأتي البيان في إطار سياسة جديدة بدأها النظام عقب ما حدث في 21 يناير 2013 عندما وصف الذين تحركوا في ذلك اليوم في اجتماعات مغلقة لمؤيديه بأنهم إسلاميون كانوا يريدون استلام السلطة. وقد خرجت هذه السياسة إلى العلن عندما انضم النظام لمحور السعودية – الإمارات المعادي للإسلام السياسي في 2015 كنوع من الابتزاز للحصول على المال والدعم السياسي من حلفائه.
2- توقيت هذا البيان يأتي فغي ظل المساعي التي تُبذل من أجل تحقيق السلام في السودان وفي إطار المنافسة مع قطر التي كانت قد استضافت مفاوضات سلام دارفور بينما استضاف هو مفاوضات شرق السودان.
3- التخويف بالإسلام السياسي موجه أولا للحليف الإقليمي للحصول على المزيد من الدعم المالي والسياسي ولقوى إعلان الحرية والتغيير في السودان لإيجاد أرضية للعمل معها حول ملف السلام.
4- البيان موجه أيضاً إلى الحكومة السودانية لصرف انتباهها عن حقيقة دور النظام الإرتري في شرق السودان وقد يكون للبيان علاقة بنتائج زيارة حمدوك الأخيرة ومباحثاته حول ملف السلام.
5- أخيراً البيان يأتي في إطار نفس سياسات النظام التحريضية وسط قواعده التي تستند إلى التخويف الطائفي وتشويه المعارضة الإريترية وللتغطية على انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان الفظيعة التي ارتكبها ضد الشعب الإريتري والتي لا يزال يرتكبها.

 

November 29, 2019

PRESS RELEASE

In Solidarity with the Catholic Church of Eritrea and Victims of Religious Persecution in Eritrea

We, Eritrean-Canadians and friends from all parts of Canada, are holding a rally in front of Parliament Hill in Ottawa, 111 Wellington St, to protest the actions taken by the Eritrean government against religious institutions, especially against the confiscation of schools and health centers of the religious institutions. Similar widespread rallies were held in many parts of the world, including the USA and UK.

According to the UN, the Eritrean government has committed crimes against humanity in a widespread and systematic manner, including rape, enslavement and murder. Severe restrictions against religious institutions continued unabated. Thousands of Pentecostals remain in detention. Eritrean Muslims face severe persecution. The highly-respected nonagenarian, Haj Musa, died in prison in March 2018. The 90-year old Patriarch Antonios, the head of the Eritrean Orthodox Church, was forcibly removed from his position and remains in house arrest. 

Instead of introducing the much-anticipated domestic reforms after the peace deal with Ethiopia signed in July 2018, sadly, the government instead felt emboldened to intensify its repressive measures. The mandatory forced national conscription of young Eritreans is still in place. The ratified constitution of 1997 remains unimplemented. In the aftermath of the peace accord, more than 20, 000 Eritreans fled Eritrea and crossed into Ethiopia and Sudan to seek refugee protection. 

The Catholic Church has a long record of providing vital health and education services to the poor and vulnerable segment of the Eritrean population. When the Eritrean Catholic church called for peace and reconciliation, the government launched a military raid on June 12, 2019. With this military raid, the government forcefully confiscated schools and health centers of all faith groups, which includes 29 Catholic Church health centers and seven schools that have been serving people of all faith for more than a century. The Bishops have written a persuasive letter opposing the actions and pleaded the authorities to return their properties. As the Catholic Bishops put it, “seizure of the educational and health institutions are contrary to the rights and the legitimate freedom of the Church and heavily limit the exercise of the postulates of faith, mission and social services.” To date, their plea has fallen on deaf ears.

The Eritrean Catholic Church is now confined to its church buildings and is prohibited from its rights to offer free health care and education. Moreover, hundreds of thousands of vulnerable Eritreans, including pregnant women, the elderly and children residing in remote areas, are denied to access these vital services.

Through our rally, we would like to express our solidarity with the Catholic Bishops, Patriarch Antonios and all the victims of religious persecution in Eritrea. Faith groups in Eritrea are facing persecution and restrictions unseen in their long and illustrious history. They need the support of

the international community, the Canadian public and the government. Moreover, the Eritrean people need and deserve the full services of their religious institutions.

Hence, we request the Canadian government to remain seized of the matter and to use its resources at its disposal to: 

  1. Request the Eritrean government to reverse its decision to close and confiscate, healthcare centers, clinics and hospitals run by the Catholic Church and other religious institutions in Eritrea.
  2. Free all individuals or groups incarcerated or placed under house arrest, due to their faith in Eritrea;
  3. Respect and follow international human rights laws, religious freedoms & liberty, and implement the rule of law in Eritrea.  

Yours Sincerely,

Organizing Committee

Eritrean Catholic Gee`z Rite Chaplaincy

 

References:

https://www.voanews.com/africa/hopes-dashed-ethiopia-eritrea-peace-process-stagnates

https://qz.com/africa/1662277/the-ethiopia-eritrea-abiy-isaias-peace-accord-glow-is-fading/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-48660723

https://zenit.org/articles/acn-reports-on-situation-after-forcible-closure-of-church-hospitals-in-eritrea/

https://www.change.org/p/donald-j-trump-stop-religious-persecution-in-eritrea-b8d53ac0-2236-471f-8224-f869e3103729?recruiter=44730751&recruited_by_id=96e94650-7186-0130-225f-00221968d0e0&utm_source=share_petition&utm_medium=copylink&utm_campaign=share_for_starters_p1_view&utm_content=bandit-starter_cl_share_content_en-us%3Av4

https://www.vaticannews.va/en/africa/news/2019-07/catholic-church-institutions-in-eritrea-are-at-the-service-of-al.html

https://www.csw.org.uk/2018/03/06/press/3858/article.htm

Page 10 of 340