The Eritrean government’s attempt to hold a festival in Giessen ended in chaos, after protests from young Eritreans, furious that the event was celebrating a regime they had risked their lives to flee from.

Opposition to the festival organised by the ruling PFDJ had been building for weeks, with a petition calling for it to be cancelled.

The Eritrean opposition took the issue to court, but were unable to persuade the authorities to have the event called off, despite pointing out that it would involve “hate speech” against members of the community.

And so the event went ahead on Saturday. But not without challenge.

Eritrean youth were determined to resist what they saw as a celebration of the Eritrean dictatorship which had forced them to risk their lives to flee their own country.

What began as a peaceful protest outside the festival site

grew in size and intensity, as other opposition groups joined them.

Clashes broke out, and police from across the region were called [see below] as they feared the events would get out of control and there could be serious injuries.

Finally, the PFDJ gave in.

The organisers told the festival goers that they had been instructed to halt the event by the police.

They said the protesters outnumber the police’s capacity to protect the event and that the police were unable to take responsibility for the festival’s safety.

This caused considerable grumbling from the PFDJ supporters, who can be heard on the Facebook video  saying they had came all the way from Holland for the festival.

Source: Police press release

Gießen: The police accompanied two events in Gießen today (08/20/2022). In addition to an Eritrea cultural festival in the Hessenhallen, a meeting with rallies and a procession, which was thematically directed against this cultural event, was registered with the city of Giessen.

Around 5 p.m., a larger number of participants left this gathering. They climbed over the fence of the Hessenhallen and attacked the helpers who were there setting up the festival. According to initial findings, the attackers used sticks, iron bars and knives. Police forces deployed there were stoned – the forces used batons and pepper spray against the attackers. A hitherto unknown number of people and police forces suffered minor and sometimes serious injuries.

Rescue workers took over their first aid.

Police forces from the police headquarters in Central Hesse, Frankfurt am Main, North Hesse, East Hesse, South-East Hesse and South Hesse as well as the Hessian riot police were brought together in Gießen.

The forces arrested several people provisionally.

The culture festival was canceled by police order.

Guido Rehr, spokesman

Questions please contact:

Central Hesse Police Headquarters
Press and Public Relations
Ferniestraße 8
35394 Gießen
Telephone: 0641-7006 2040
Fax: 0611-327663040

Source: FFH Radio

Large-scale police operation in Gießen in the evening. In the run-up to the Eritrea culture festival, there were massive riots.

The attackers were participants in a meeting against the culture festival, the Gießen police said. Accordingly, a larger protest group climbed over the fence to the Hessenhallen and attacked helpers who were busy setting up the festival. Iron rods and knives were apparently also used. Police officers deployed there had stones thrown at them. They responded by using batons and pepper spray.

Several injured

In addition to the festival helpers, a few police officers were also slightly injured. There is currently no overview of how many people were injured. The police speak of an unknown number of mostly slightly injured people.

Police needed massive reinforcements

Police forces from the police headquarters in Central Hesse, Frankfurt am Main, North Hesse, East Hesse, South-East Hesse and South Hesse as well as the Hessian riot police were brought together in Gießen. The forces arrested several people provisionally. They were later released, but investigations are now underway into allegations of breach of the peace and assault.

Festival has been controversial for years

The culture festival was canceled by police order, and the counter-demonstration was ended by the organizer after the incident. There are regular protests because of the festival. Critics see it as a propaganda event for the dictatorial state.

Event by the Eritrean (Young) People’s Front for Democracy and Justice glorifying violence and hatred cancelled in Rijswijk

Source: EEPA

11 August 2022

A ‘cultural’ event organised by the long arm of the Eritrean regime, the (Y)PFDJ, had been organised at the Event Plaza in Rijswijk, the Netherlands for 13 August 2022.

The People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) and its youth-wing, YPFDJ, is the political organisation that controls Eritrea and has a granular presence abroad to control the Eritrean diaspora. It is referred to as HEGDEF or HGDEF by members of the Eritrean diaspora, or Shabia, mostly used to refer to its presence in Eritrea.

Many organisations, including the Foundation Human Rights for Eritreans, have urgently asked the PFDJ, Event Plaza and the municipality of Rijswijk that the event be cancelled.

The ‘cultural’ events, organised by an organisation that is understood to be associated with the (Y)PFDJ, are regular events in which the diaspora is invited and expected to participate.

An event to glorify violence and hate against the people of Tigray

Members of the Eritrean community report that during these events the long arm of the regime collects intelligence of who is loyal to the regime and who is not. It is also reported that funds collected from the diaspora at such events are used to support the regime.

It is alleged that the funds collected at the event could or would be used to contribute to the war efforts in the region, especially against the regional state of Tigray in Ethiopia. According to a leaked copy of a zoom meeting it is known that a representative of the Eritrean regime and events organiser, Mr. Sirak Bahlbi, encouraged Eritreans in the diaspora to engage in fundraising activities to support the ongoing war in Northern Ethiopia: (January 4, 2022, 25th minute mark).

The “cultural” aspect of the event is seen by members of the Eritrean and Tigray community as the front of a message of hate, especially against the people of Tigray, and a glorification of violence.

The conference poster for the event, shows the Eritrean singer Awel Seid. The poster shows the well known singer from Eritrea in military uniform and with the Eritrean national flag. The way the Eritrean and Tigray community understand his lyrics is that these dehumanise Tigrayans, incite hatred and glorify military action in the region and especially against Tigray.

The Tigray region, which neighbours Eritrea and is a regional state of the federal state of Ethiopia, was invaded by Eritrea in November 2020.

The forced indefinite national service, also qualified as ‘slavery’, was providing the main capacity for the invasion of Tigray by Eritrea in 2020.

Texts of Awel Seid are expressed in poems and speeches. In a description of his declamations he is described as:

The last, Awel Seid, sounds to me like the voice of a judge, from a medieval era. A judge reading, in a booming voice, the counts against HISTORY and ordering history, with hand gestures, to comply with the PFDJ NARRATIVE pronto, as was foretold in days of old (“Awet nHafash!“) Resistance is futile, and compliance is inevitable, so sooner is better than later, is always Awel’s judgement. The PFDJ NARRATIVE is the ERITREAN NARRATIVE, and dissent is just another word for treason. There are a rotating cast of characters in the Enemies of the State gallery who populate his videos, and in the most recent edition, I showed up. (Saay Storm, Enter the Judge, Exit the Veterans. Eritrean Digest. 3 January 2022,

The tone of his messages support the Eritrean regime’s invasion of Tigray, with implicit messaging, since the Eritrean authorities long denied the invasion in Tigray:

Awel Said, the new voice of Eritrea’s Indignation At The World, has only one voice: triumphant bitterness. What exactly will kids approach Awel Said with?  Fist raising? Will they just exchange knowing smiles about a victory,  specifically Tribe of Eritrea’s triumph over the Tribe of Tigray but they have to do it in hush tones since the Tribe of Eritrea, officially, never fought in Tigray? (Saay Storm, Enter the Judge, Exit the Veterans. Eritrean Digest. 3 January 2022,

According to the diasporas from Eritrea and Tigray, messages of Awel Seid glorify violence and they are full of allusion to the Russian invasion in Ukraine, serving as a justification for the invasion by Eritrea in Tigray. A listing of interpretations of Awel Seid’s messages includes the following:

  • Endorsement of violence, war, hate, aggression, invasion, a language of dehumanisation, etc are the hallmarks of his songs and poems:
  • In one clip he empathetically supports the Russian invasion of Ukraine and praises the regime’s alliance with Russia including its vote at the UN Council (start at 28:00 min mark). Mr. Seid’s visit to Scandinavian countries must also be seen as an extension and endorsement of the regime’s geopolitical alignment with Russia. This must be seen in the context of propagating Russian propaganda within the Swedish community of Eritrean descent:
  • In a video he shows no regard to human decency, and he approves civilian killings including by using very graphic images (4:50 minute mark). He vehemently romanticised war and violence:
  • In a musical poem he is heard to dehumanise Tigrayans and to glorify the war in Tigray and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which is also reinforced through the strong use of imagery in his videos. He has interwoven diaspora born Eritreans’ TikTok clips (12:58-13:27 minute mark) into his propaganda message:
  • Another song endorses and praises the indefinite Eritrean youth national military service that has been one of the main causes of Eritrean youth out migration:  (Message received 9 August 2022)

A similar opinion is expressed by an expert of the region who argues on Awel Seid:

This is an ardent supporter of Sha’ebiya (..) trying to boost the moral of his followers through praise of the “invincible” Eritreans. He refers to Tigrayans as historic enemies and warns Eritreans not to listen to call of fraternity from ‘across the Mereb River’.’ The comment was provided in response to a clip that shows Awel Seid on Eritrean festival Sweden (Message received Monday 8 August 2022)

The expert equally finds that the message of Awel Seid is a message of violence:

I think it is worth adding details. It is an ideologically elaborate call for systematic hate against Tigrayans. There are three main messages, he says:
1. They, the Tegaru (Tigrayans), are inherently evil, they have three plans a, b, and c to destroy you (Eritreans)
2. You (Eritreans) are human/high level human, them (‘nisom kem seb’ -> literally: they are as human) – meaning: they act/look as if they are humans but are not as you (Eritreans) real human.
3. You (Eritreans) must be without shame and be proud to fight them not only over 30 years but 100 and even 3000 years with this evil/not human. (Comment by expert received on Monday 8 August 2022)

According to another expert, the texts have the intention to normalise violence against the Tigray people, by glorifying the Indefinite National Service in Eritrea. The military are trained in a camp called Sawa. The expert finds:

Awel in praise of Sawa. This video contains clips of Tigrayans reporting rape and killings by Eritreans. My understanding of it is that these crimes are minimised. There is reference to the Warsay as both Christians and Moslem and to the crimes committed by the Ethiopian forces in Eritrea during the border War in the video these forces are referred to as Woyane deliberately miss describing the nature of the forces. Sacrifice, nationalism central to the message (referring to

The Border War was fought between Eritrea and Ethiopia between 1998 and 2000.

The UN has classified the indefinite national service which begins in the military training camp of Sawa, in Eritrea, as a crime against humanity. Depicting the military supported with the text, the poster would appear to glorify the national service in Eritrea. The indefinite national service in Eritrea is widely seen as one of the main reasons for the high number of refugees from the country and a reason why youth from Eritrea attempts to cross over the Mediterranean Sea to Europe- a very dangerous journey in which many lose their life.

(Poster with Translation of Tigrinya language on the poster to Dutch)

Awel Seid seems to be making a tour in Europe to muster support for the Eritrean regime and he has already performed in Sweden: Awel Seid on Eritrean Festival Sweden. While the event generated a lot of protest and was cancelled at the event venue, Awel Seid still performed hate speech while in the country.

Awel Seid’s texts are strongly pro Russia and also anti-America:

Aweil Said is a PFDJ poet. Journalist Sajid (my way youtube) describes the presentation by the poet during the Eritrean Swedish festival as a political speech.

It is a political speech and precisely it is a Charge D’Affair Steve Walker and more generally a USA bashing exercise, listing all the conflicts the USA has and is involved in and generally blaming all of the problems of Africa on the USA. (

Pictures used in messages to promote the war with Tigray depict Awel Seid and other actors and further underscore the military glorification that he promotes:

The images are taken from programs at the front in the borders of Eritrea and Tigray with the group of Singers and Film Makers doing war propaganda.  Awel Seid and the team “Walta” are seen there. (Message received 11 August 2022).

Walta is understood to be a cultural group of the Ministry of Defence in Eritrea (Message 11 August 2022). Pictures are understood to be taken at the frontline and in Sawa. This is a production of the Walta group:

Following pictures are depicting the production of the Walta group:

(1 Figure on the right is Awel Said)

(2  Awel Seid with Meleake Rezene Alem ( Proud Eritrean) and Meleake)

(3 Awel Seid (left) with one of the commanders at the frontline) 300w, 768w" alt="" width="519" height="325" class="wp-image-6420" style="box-sizing: inherit; height: auto; max-width: 100%; border: 0px; vertical-align: top; border-radius: inherit;" data-recalc-dims="1" />

(4 Rezene Alem ( ኩራዕ) (military figure with the microphone))

Pictures with Awel Seid taken at the front and in Sawa, with the cultural group Walta of the Ministry of Defense and of Cultural Affairs in Eritrea, according to members of the diaspora who sent these, the pictures glorify the militarisation of Eritrea and its war with Tigray (Ethiopia).

The texts relate (among others) to Eritrean proverbs which need intimate understanding of the language and the context of these. Commenting on the pictures a member of the Eritrean diaspora states:

The main message of pictures is always standing with Eritrean forces and give encourage Picture describes as encouragement  take action against Tigray (Message 11 August 2022)

As a viewer of these images, we are asked to look up at the military performance, providing sentiments of power, strength and force.

Letters by Eritrean Diaspora Movements

Eritrean diaspora organisations have protested the event.

For instance, the Eritrea Bright Future Movement wrote to the Mayor of Rijswijk to express concern over the event. Awel Seid is a leader of a “military music band”, they state:

For this ‘cultural festival’, a military music group has been invited, Walta (which means ‘dagger’), whose leader (Awal Said) is guilty of, among other things, writing very rude threatening lyrics against Eritrean dissidents and Tigrayans: for example, ‘Tigrayans should be wiped off the face of the earth’. He chanted this last month in Sweden, among other places, and the venue’s landlord cancelled the rental. (

It also denounces this event as an insult to the democracy of the Netherlands:

The festival is a serious attack on the democratic society of the Netherlands. The seriously radicalised supporters of the regime will see this as confirmation that they have a free hand in the Netherlands and can seriously threaten people in the diaspora without any consequences.(

The movement urged the mayor to cancel this event. The full letter from the Eritrea Bright Future Movement can be found here.

The Foundation for Human Rights also sent a letter to the mayor of Rijswijk, expressing concern about the event. The Foundation says that the event is being:

organised by the long arm of the Eritrean regime (of the political party PFDJ) under the control of the security and intelligence services, with a military character. (

The Foundation denounces the fact that the work of Awel Seid constitutes hate speech and incites genocidal violence:

Awel Seid’s texts, in his poems and speeches, aim to create an atmosphere in which genocidal intentions are (or can be) normalised. His expressions are described as ‘hate speech’ and are inadmissible in the Netherlands. Although freedom of expression exists in principle in the Netherlands, it does not protect expressions that incite genocidal violence. (

The foundation finds that Awel Seid

was sent by the highest military security authorities in Eritrea and is supported by the intelligence services. (

The full letter by the Foundation is available here.

A Letter of Summons addressed to the PFDJ sent by the Foundation Human Rights for Eritreans

Through its lawyer, the Foundation Human Rights for Eritreans sent a letter to the consul of Eritrea in The Netherlands requesting that the (Y)PFDJ cancels the event immediately and urgently. In its letter, they find that the event is political rather than cultural,

The event is billed as a ‘cultural’ event. However, the event is in fact aimed at (1) illegally collecting ‘tax’ from Eritreans in the diaspora and (2) at spreading political propaganda which qualifies as hate speech. (

The Foundation also expressed concern about this type of event, which the Foundation states is used to monitor the Eritrean diaspora in the country and around the world, and is used to observe who is loyal to the regime and who is not, while forcing financial contributions that will contribute to the Tigray war.

What is more, it is highly likely that the fundraising at this event will go towards financing the involvement of the Eritrean State in the war in Tigray. It has been widely and convincingly documented that the Eritrean State is responsible for grave violations of human rights during this war, including the use of rape as a weapon of war and extrajudicial massacres of civilians. (

The full letter of the lawyer can be found here. Copies of the letter were also sent to Event Plaza and the Municipality of Rijswijk.

Police points the public to a special telephone line

As a result, mobilisation in The Netherlands has become widespread. The Dutch Eritrean democratic opposition started to look at all the other potential venues for this event and possible future ones, and the Eritrean community reported en masse to the police that they felt threatened by such events.

In addition, the police have shared a reporting form for anyone who would like to report the event or the telephone number 0900 8844.  The police requested the public to report any threat related to this event or any other event that causes concern in the Eritrean and Tigray communities using the reporting form.

Members of the diaspora have shared the information on twitter.

See also the article here.

Event cancelled for administrative and security reasons

The Municipality of Rijswijk has subsequently communicated to Eritrean democracy and human rights representatives that the event will not take place. A notification of the event would have been required by the municipality, but according to the municipality this notification was not received. After checks and talks with the police and the municipality it turned out the required safety measures for the event had not been organized (again according to the municipality). Members of the diaspora announced:

(Screenshots of information by Rijswijk Municipality of the cancellation of the event in Event Plaza)

The scheduled Shaabia/PFDJ Festival in the Netherlands on 13/08/2022 has been cancelled due to security reasons.  Please protect our area from clandestine activities and call the police if you see any gatherings!! (Translated fromTigrigna).

According to diaspora organisations, it would appear that the event was organised under the organisation Stichting Nederlands Eritrees Platform (SNEP) registered under the Commerce of Trade number 67272789.

These events are regularly held and attended by representatives of the Eritrean regime at the highest level. Yemane Gebreab, Head of Political Affairs at the PFDJ and Presidential Advisor had participated at last year’s festival. (Eritrean community festival in Scandinavian countries).

The threat expressed by the members of the diaspora is that these events are used to spy on them.

A picture in which Awel Seid is depicted with the Eritrean strongman Isayas Afwerki, who rules the countries for decades and has absolute power, seems to underscore his closeness to the dictator. According to information received Awel Seid received a “G plus 1 building” by the President, as a means of ensuring his loyalty.

According to another expert, this is normal practice at the top of the regime:

This is a normal practice. Generals have also received houses in Asmara ( around Tiravolo and CampoPolo) that used to belong to Italians. The Secretary of PFDJ received land in Massawa and he built his villa there. A relative of mine in Eritrea also lost her house in Massawa and now at the site there is a Palace that belongs to a senior PFDJ person. On the way to Hamasien Beach there used to be a villa that belonged to an Eritrean Italian who was told to hand over the house because the Government needed it. (Message received 10 August 2022).

Eritrea’s involvement in the Tigray war has resulted in sanctions by the US Presidential Executive Order (E.O.) 14046: International sanctions include the National Security Agency under Abraha Kassa in Eritrea.

Different posters

The event was announced in two different posters, which were apparently used to communicate with different audiences. One poster of the same event just shows the event as a cultural event only.

Event announced in Germany

The event is also announced in Germany. In Germany also two different posters are used to announce the event. The event is announced for 20 August 2022, and a link to the event is available here:

The same two posters are used for this event. The second poster does not depict Awel Seid.

Links of interests:

Letter from the Foundation Human Rights for Eritrean
Urgent call to Eritrean Embassy to cancel PFDJ Festival – or face legal sanctions
Awel Seid clip – Violence, war, hate, etc. as hallmarks of songs and poems
Awel Seid clip – Support of Russian invasion of Ukraine
Awel Seid clip – Approval of civilian killings
Awel Seid clip – Glorification of Tigray war
Awel Seid clip – Glorification of the Eritrean national service
Treasury Sanctions Four Entities and Two Individuals in Connection with the Crisis
Leaked zoom meeting of the regime’s Charge d’Affairs, Mr. Sirak Bahlbi
Beyene Gebrezgabeher – Festival cancelled
Politie – Meldformulier terrorisme
Dutch police call for information about intimidation at PFDJ Festival – under terrorism law
Enter the judge, exit the veterans
Twitter: Amanuel ERI – PFDJ festival faces resistance
Twitter: Amanuel ERI – Festival stopped for security reasons
Twitter: Amanuel ERI – Awel Seid’s speech with subtitles

For more information on the event that took place in Sweden, the following links are available:

Post navigation


  1. K.Terry Brown says:

    Awel Seid is the embodiment of classic racist Nazi character seen often through history as an evil loser and the historical butt of ridicule by the thoughtful peace loving global community. The end of him and his ilk at the foot of the judgement seat of almighty God is already predetermined.

  2. Habte Hagos says:

    The cancellation of the PFDJ thugs event in the Netherlands that had been scheduled to take place on 13/08/22 is an excellent result. Well done to the diaspora and the Dutch people for this magnificent result.

    Now the ball is in the court of the Eritrean diaspora in Germany. The oppressed and long suffering Eritrean people look to you to ensure the hate event scheduled for 20/08/22 never takes place. ACT NOW!

    Going forward, we should fight to stop any PFDJ event that is planned to take place any where in the world.

    Let them have their festivals in Asmara.

NewsAU accommodates UN, EU to broker peace between TPLF, federal government


The African Union Political Affairs, Peace and Security (PAPS) has reached an agreement to accommodate the UN, EU and the US to be part of the AU’s team designated to broker peace between the federal government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). The announcement came after the AU Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) decided to “build on the momentum for a negotiated peace in Ethiopia.”

The amalgamation of the peace-brokers is expected to fulfill the interests of both parties to the conflict, bridging the disparity between the federal government’s term to negotiate only under AU auspices and the TPLF’s under western watch. Nonetheless, other differences between the two sides persist, delaying the start of a much-anticipated negotiation aimed at ending nearly two years of standoffs between Ethiopia and Tigray state.

After visiting Mekelle on Tuesday, special envoys from the UN, EU, and the US and ambassadors from Italy, Canada, and the UK convened with PAPS officials on August 4, 2022, at the AU headquarters. Though present in Addis Ababa, Olusegun Obasanjo, AU high representative for the Horn of Africa and leading the negotiation team on Ethiopia, did not travel to Mekelle with the special envoys and ambassadors. Obasanjo, who has been trying to create a level ground between the two warring parties for several months now, was disapproved by the TPLF for a “lack of progress and impartiality.”

However, Bankole Adeoye, former Foreign Service officer of the Nigerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and who was elected AU-PAPS commissioner during the 35th AU summit last January, reiterated on Thursday “AU’s complete confidence and support and welcomed his tireless efforts for peace in Ethiopia.”

Obasanjo reports to Bankole.

Under the new agreement, Obasanjo and the PAPS team work with the UN Under-Secretary General and Special Envoy to the Horn of Africa, Hanna Tetteh, European Union Special Representative for the Horn of Africa, Annette Weber, US Special Envoy to the Horn of Africa, Mike Hammer, and other representatives.

If the negotiation materializes, Obasanjo will lead all the interest groups and the conflicting parties.

“AU is the legitimate body to oversee the peace talks. But the EU, US and others are also interest groups. Though the federal government does not want these, PAPS decision to bring those interest groups onboard is a wise decision to bridge the governments and TPLF’s terms. The special envoys will press PAPS to accommodate the western interest groups, “said an official close to the issue, who spoke to The Reporter on conditions of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the developments.

Though the special envoys who traveled to Tigray for the first time after the war broke out in November 2020 echoed TPLF’s conditionality of pressing the federal government to resume basic services like power, telecom, banking, and border trades, the federal government fired-back saying negotiations should begin without any conditionality.

Redwan Hussein, national security advisor to the PM, complained that the special envoys are entertaining TPLF’s interests. “They [the special envoys] failed to press for unequivocal commitment for peace talks, rather indulging in appeasement and fulfilling preconditions placed by the other party [TPLF],” tweeted the ambassador yesterday.

However, the TPLF issued a statement demanding the resumption of basic services at the forefront of the peace talks, citing the poverty and social crisis in Tigray.

The issue of western Tigray is also another bone of contention. Both parties are declaring it is “not up for negotiation.”

Experts claim the special envoys are using TPLF terms as a card against the federal government. However, they argue that both the federal government and TPLF will give way as the negotiation kicks off.

“Both parties will have something to gain and lose. The TPLF will drop its referendum and secession agenda as the federal government makes its demand over western Tigray and may secure a semi-autonomous administration. Both parties want the negotiation to start as fast as possible. The TPLF is under pressure because of the rising social crisis in Tigray,” stated political analyst closely following foreign powers’ interest in the regional politics of the Horn.

“The federal government is also under pressure from the foreign interest groups, who can push the TPLF to another round of war if the federal government refuses to allow basic services or tends to delay the negotiation,” the analyst said.

Eastern Sudanese delegation refused entry into Eritrea for conference

Source: Dabanga
August 5 – 2022 KASSALA

The large eastern Sudanese delegation on its way back from the Eritrean border (SUNA)

The large eastern Sudanese delegation on its way back from the Eritrean border (SUNA)

At the Laffa border crossing in Kassala yesterday, the Sudanese authorities prevented a high-profile delegation from eastern Sudan from entering Eritrea to participate in a forum on eastern Sudanese issues.

The delegation included more than one hundred people representing native administration leaders from various eastern Sudanese tribes.

They were invited by the Eritrean government as part of its initiative to resolve the recurring disputes among the eastern Sudanese communities. They would participate in a forum sponsored by Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki.

A source told Radio Dabanga that the authorities at the crossing detained the delegation for hours before allowing it to briefly cross the border to greet the Eritrean delegation that came to receive them.

The members of the delegation did not have an entry visa for Eritrea. Border officials claimed that they did not receive permission from Khartoum to allow the eastern Sudan delegation to pass the border without entry visas.

The delegation included prominent native administration leaders, most notably Nazir* Sayed El Amin Tirik, head of the Hadendowa Beja clan and chairman of the High Council of Beja Nazirs and Independent Chieftains, and El Ameen Dawoud, head of the Popular Front for Liberation and Justice and a representative of the Nazir of the Beni Amer clan.

Beja disputes

The Beja are a group of nomadic tribes, occupying mountain country between the Red Sea and the Nile River. Their territory stretches from south-eastern Egypt through Sudan into Eritrea. Their relationship with the Sudanese authorities is characterised by disputes and protests and they have consistently fought for more rights to self-determination in the region.

Earlier this week, the High Council of Beja Nazirs and Independent Chieftains withdrew the Eastern Sudan track from the government’s Supreme Committee for Addressing the Situation in Eastern Sudan, headed by Mohamed ‘Hemeti’ Dagalo who is the Deputy-Chair of Sudan’s Sovereignty Council and Commander of the Rapid Support Forces and was involved in the October 25 military coup.

The Beja Nazirs called on all eastern Sudanese “to return to the founding platform and to stay away from government officers and donations that belittle the issue of the Beja people”.

* A nazir is a state-appointed administrative chief of a tribe, according to the native administration system in Sudan



For further information This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

U.S and EU Joint Press Statement

Mekelle, Ethiopia, August 2, 2022– The respective European Union (EU) and U.S. Special Envoys for the Horn of Africa, H.E. Annette Weber and H.E. Mike Hammer traveled on their first joint mission to Mekelle, Tigray, to encourage the launch of talks between the Federal Government of Ethiopia (FGoE) and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) under the African Union’s auspices.

Political dialogue is necessary to resolve the conflict in northern Ethiopia and achieve a durable peace. The Envoys welcomed the public commitment by both parties to engage in talks and expressed their readiness to support African-led mediation.

The Envoys agree that a swift restoration of electricity, telecom, banking, and other basic services in Tigray is essential for the people of Tigray, as recognized in earlier discussions with the Ethiopian Government. Tigray Regional President Debretsion provided the international community a letter to be passed to the Government of Ethiopia providing security guarantees for those who need to work to restore services. With this security assurance, there should be no obstacle for the restoration of services to begin.

Equally, unfettered humanitarian access to Tigray and the Afar and Amhara neighboring regions affected by the conflict is imperative, accompanied by the lifting of restrictions on cash, fuel, and fertilizers. Improved civilian-military coordination will help ensure effective and transparent aid distribution. Furthermore, the EU and U.S. are committed to providing assistance to all communities in need in Ethiopia, including those affected by drought and food insecurity.

Accountability is a key foundation for reconciliation. In this vein, the Envoys urged cooperation with, and access to the conflict areas for, the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia (ICHREE) to enable them to conduct a credible investigation.

The Envoys furthermore appealed to all sides of the conflict to refrain from hate speech and provocative rhetoric.





Eritrea Hub

Jul 27

Venue Contract Terminated!

By Amanuel Ghebremicael

The planned Scandinavian Festival of Eritreans, to be held at Jarva People's Park in Eggeby gård just North of Stockholm, faced fierce opposition from the get go.

The organisers planned to bring a well known genocide promoter, by the name Awel Seid, all the way from Eritrea. Shockingly, and as expected a "surprise" guest by the name Yemane Ghebreab was also invited to the event.

Eritrean opposition groups were not comfortable with the idea that a public space was to be leased to a regime that is known around the World for its gross human rights violations.

It made no sense that the Eritrean regime - that has no concern at all for the public - should be allowed to use a public facility.

After all, this is the same regime that has held Dawit Isaak, a Swedish Eritrean Journalist, in dungeons for more than 20 years.

Opposition groups, spearheaded by the Bright Future Movement objected to the lease in writing to the management of the park.

Action Needed

The regime's actions call for a reciprocal response or action elsewhere. Åsa Nilsson Söderström, a local politician and a mayoral contender in Stockholm, was made aware of the situation.

She wrote a strong letter opposing the use of a public space for the event. "Let's Cancel this Year! We will hold a festival for Democracy next Year" she wrote.

Bright Future Movement in Sweden has taken a range of measures so far.

These included:

·    Writing a letter of objection to the Park Management -

·    Lobbying lawmakers and the local media

·    Conducted an Intense Campaign against the Festival

·    Set up an E-mail Campaign for the public to address the problem to the Concerned parties

·    Notified local Authorities and the Stockholm Police - requesting a Demonstration Permit


Together, these efforts convinced the Park Management to terminate it's halls rental contract with the PFDJ.

And all associated services, like water, electricity, toilet have also been denied.

The PFDJ's Fundraising Event, disguised as a "Cultural" Event will now have to be held the open fields and they will have to hire all the services they use.


Source: EEPA by K. Smits

 July 22, 2022

 Asylum Seekers

The Dutch Council of State’s Administrative Jurisdiction Division, the country’s highest general administrative court, //" style="box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; outline: none; color: rgb(0, 147, 194); text-decoration: none; transition: all 0.1s ease-in-out 0s; border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);">ruled on 20 July that Eritreans in the military sector of the national service are at risk of inhuman treatment. This ruling impacts how future Eritrean asylum claims will be treated. The case was started by an Eritrean man whose initial claim was rejected. The man feared he would have to enter the military part of the national service, if he would be returned.

Military service in Eritrea: risk of torture and inhuman treatment

The case ended up at the Administrative Jurisdiction Division after appeals. The Administrative Jurisdiction Division reviewed the circumstances of the Eritrean national service in detail. It found that the circumstances in the military part of the Eritrean national service are so severe, that the Eritrean man would run the risk of torture and inhuman treatment if returned. This would be a violation of article 3 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR).

The ruling is not only of impact in this case, but for all cases of Eritrean asylum seekers in the Netherlands going forward.

Who is at risk?

The Eritrean man at the heart of the ruling had his asylum claim originally rejected, because he had grown up in a Sudanese refugee camp. Therefore, the Dutch Secretary of State deemed that he did not run the risk of having to enter national service upon return to Eritrea. The ruling of 20 July stated that the court found that the low level of education, the inability to read and having no network in the country would instead make it even more likely that the man would be forced to enter the military part of national service.

“It appears from open sources, as described under 10.3, that the alien, once selected to the military component, could face extremely heavy work- and living circumstances, lack of basic resources, physical trainings or work that is too heavy, very severe corporal punishments and detention under appalling circumstances. Furthermore, open sources describe, as noted under 9 and 9.1, that it is likely that after his national service will be extended after 18 months, because of which he will have no perspective on and end date of his active service in the military component. The circumstances mentioned here are, to the opinion of the Department, severe to such an extent that they separate as well as in combination with each other qualify as torture or inhuman or degrading treatment, as referred to in Article 3 of the ECHR […]”

//" style="box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; outline: none; color: rgb(0, 147, 194); text-decoration: none; transition: all 0.1s ease-in-out 0s; border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);">RULING OF THE COURT, ARTICLE 14.2

Furthermore, the court found that it does not have to be an absolute certainty that such a person will be subject to such circumstances:

“The risk must be greater than just a single chance of such treatment, but the alien does not have to prove that it is certain that he will undergo such treatment.”

//" style="box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; outline: none; color: rgb(0, 147, 194); text-decoration: none; transition: all 0.1s ease-in-out 0s; border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);">RULING OF THE COURT, ARTICLE 14.3

No normal national service

The court found that the national service in Eritrea diverts from that of other countries. Focusing particularly on the military part due to the nature of the case, the court stated that recruits face severe circumstances. These include extreme living and working circumstances and lack of basic resources. In addition, the court found evidence of extremely severe punishments and detentions under inhuman circumstances. It found that military commanders have virtually unchecked power and act arbitrarily.

“From the information available in open sources, as described under 10.3, it appears that the alien will have to serve under commanders in the military component that in fact have unlimited power over him. The answer to the question whether he will have to face treatment prohibited under Article 3 of the ECHR is therefore not possible to answer, because it is dependent on the arbitrary decisions of the commander in question. But from information from public sources, it shows that it happens more often than incidentally that a commander is guilty of such prohibited treatments.”

//" style="box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; outline: none; color: rgb(0, 147, 194); text-decoration: none; transition: all 0.1s ease-in-out 0s; border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);">RULING OF THE COURT, ARTICLE 14.4

In addition, the court considered the indefinite nature of the national service, which can extend well beyond a decade.

“Altogether, the Department is of the opinion that it is expected that the alien, upon return to Eritrea, has to complete the national service at some point. The alien’s personal circumstances mean that he has a higer chance to end up in the military component. His national service will most likely be extended after eighteen months. The duration therefore becomes indefinite. Looking at the circumstances of the military component of the national service described in public sources, the alien runs a real risk to sustain harm as referred to in Article 3 of the ECHR. The appeal is successful.”

//" style="box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; outline: none; color: rgb(0, 147, 194); text-decoration: none; transition: all 0.1s ease-in-out 0s; border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);">RULING OF THE COURT, ARTICLE 15

//" style="box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; outline: none; color: rgb(0, 147, 194); text-decoration: none; transition: all 0.1s ease-in-out 0s; border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);">Click here to read the full ruling (Dutch only)This entry was posted in Asylum SeekersEritreaNetherlandsRefugees in the EUThe Netherlands and tagged Administrative Jurisdiction Divisionappealasylum seekercourtECHREritreaninhuman treatmentnational servicerulingTorture. Bookmark the permalink.


Source: Ma’ariv, Israel, July 14

Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Yair Lapid recently announced his decision to shut down the Israeli Embassy in Asmara, the capital of Eritrea, and disperse its employees. This is because Eritrea has been delaying the arrival of the Israeli ambassador for almost two years.

The prime minister’s announcement seems to have been made in haste and anger.

The story raises a lot of questions and also raises an eyebrow. Without speculating as to why this happened, let’s start with the facts: The Israeli government appointed a new ambassador to Eritrea in July 2020. As usual, it officially notified the authorities there and asked, also as per usual, for consent so that the new ambassador could travel to Asmara and start working. Since then, the Eritrean authorities haven’t approved Israel’s request. Without formal permission, the ambassador can’t officially travel to the country and begin his post.

This is a real deviation from diplomatic protocol.

Asmara has a right to postpone the appointment. But what’s strange is its refusal to provide any satisfactory explanation. That’s simply unacceptable. How did Israel allow this anomaly to last for two years? Giving consent is usually a matter of several weeks, not years.

Ostensibly, if there are no ties and the Eritreans are delaying the approval of our ambassador, we have nothing to do there. But again: Why drag feet for two years without an appropriate response on our part? We will probably be left with no plausible explanation.

And now for the speculations.

Why does Eritrea behave the way it does? The Red Sea region is familiar to me from the time I served as Israel’s ambassador to Egypt. Based on my conversations with those familiar with the topic, it seems as if the current Eritrean president doesn’t want us in his country. Others claim it’s all because of our rapprochement with Sudan.

As stated, all this is speculation, and even if they are all true, there is still no justification for Asmara not giving consent to the appointment of the ambassador.

And one more thought: Diplomatic relations between countries are based on the principle of reciprocity. What is the benefit of Israel not having an official representation in Eritrea while Eritrea has an active embassy in Israel?

This creates an unwanted imbalance. If a decision has finally been made to shut down the embassy in Asmara, the principle of reciprocity must be applied, and the Eritrean ambassador must be asked to leave Israel. They must understand that we’re serious.

–Yitzhak Levanon (translated by Asaf Zilberfarb)

ባንዴራ ኢትዮጵያ


22 ሓምለ 2022, 08:23 EAT

ኢትዮጵያ ዘለዋ ዕዳ ወጻኢ፡ ዓመታዊ ይውስኽ ኣሎ። ባንክ ዓለም ከም ዝብሎ፡ ስርዓት ደርግ ካብ ስልጣን ክእለ እንከሎ ኢትዮጵያ ትሸዓተ ቢልዮን ዶላር ዕዳ ነይርዋ።

እንተዀነ፡ ብ2006 ዓ.ም [ኣ.ኤ] እዚ ዕዳ ናብ 2.2 ቢልዮን ዶላር ወሪዱ ነይሩ። ድሕሪኡ ግን፡ ዕዳኣ ዓመታዊ ብቢልዮን ዶላራት እናወሰኸ መጺኡ።

ባንክ ዓለም ብ2020 ዘውጽኦ ጸብጻብ እንተወሲድና፡ መንግስቲ 30.36 ቢልዮን ዶላር ዕዳ ከም ዘለዎ የመልክት።

ድሕሪ ክልተ ዓመታት ድማ፡ ኢትዮጵያ ካብ ውሽጢ ዓድን ወጻእን ዝወሰደቶ ልቓሕ 56.6 ቢልዮን ዶላር ከም ዝበጽሐ ሚኒስተር ፋይናንስ ገሊጹ።

እታ ሃገር ዘለዋ ዕዳ፡ ክንዲ ፍርቂ ዕብየት ሓፈሻዊ ምህርቲ ውሽጢ ዓዲ [ጂዲፒ] እታ ሃገር ስለ ዝዀነ፡ ኣለቃሕቲ ኣብ ጕዳይ ዕዳ እታ ሃገር ክዝትዩ ጀሚሮም ኣለው።

ንኢትዮጵያ ዝለዓለ ልቓሕ ካብ ዝህባ ሃገራት ሓንቲ ዝዀነት ቻይና ምስ ፈረንሳ ብምዃን ድማ ነዚ ኣኼባ ይመርሓኦ ኣለዋ።

ኣለቃሕቲ፡ ካብ ዝሓለፈ ዓመት ጀሚሮም’ዮም ኣብ ዛዕባ ዕዳ ኢትዮጵያ ክመያየጡ ጀሚሮም ዘለው።

ይዅን’ምበር ብሰንኪ’ቲ ኣብ ሰሜን ኢትዮጵያ ዝተወልዐ ኲናት እቲ ጕዳይ ተወንዚፉ ጸኒሑ።

ዓለምለኸ ትካል ገንዘብ [ኣይኤምኤፍ]፡ ባንክ ዓለምን ካልኦት ትካላት ገንዘብን፡ ከምኡ'ውን ቻይናን ካልኦት ኣለቃሕትን ኢትዮጵያ፡ ጫድን ዛምቢያን ብዛዕባ ዘለወን ዕዳ ዳግመ ግምት ንኽገብራሉ ይሓቱ ኣለው።

ዳይሬክተር ኣይኤምኤፍ ክሪስታሊና ጆርጂዮቫ፡ ምስ ዕድአን ተወሳኺ ፈተናታት ዝገጥመን ዘሎ ሃገራት ፍታሕ ክረኽባ ኣለወን ክትብል ንማዕከን ዜና ሮይተርስ ተዛሪባ።

ንምዃኑ፡ ኣብዚ እዋን ኢትዮጵያ ክንደይ ዝኣክል ዕዳ ወጻኢ ኣለዋ? ዕዳኣ እንተዘይከፊላ ዘጋጥማ ሽግር ከ እንታይ’ዩ?

'እቲ ልቓሕ ኣብ መዓላ ኣይወዓለን'

ቀዳማይ ሚኒስትር ኣቢይ ኣሕመድ፡ ብ2018 ናብ ስልጣን ቅድሚ ምምጽኡ፡ ኢትዮጵያ ኣስታት 28 ቢልዮን ዶላር ዕዳ ከም ዝነበራ ኣየለ ገላን [ዶክተር] ይዛረብ።

እዚ ተንታኒ ስነ ቝጠባ ከም ዝብሎ፡ ኣብቲ እዋን ዝተፈጥረ ፖለቲካዊ ጽገና ዝርኣዩ ኣለቃሕቲ፡ ንኢትዮጵያ ገንዘባዊ ሓገዝን ልቓሕን ሂቦም'ዮም።

“እቲ ኣብ 2018 ዝተፈጥረ ተስፋታት ኣብ ግምት ብምእታው፡ መንግስቲ ዝተለቅሖ ገንዘብ ግን ኣብ ጥቕሚ ከውዕሎ ኣይከኣለን። ነቲ ልቓሕ ተጠቒሙ ተወሳኺ ገንዘብ ከእቱ ዘይምኽኣሉ፣ እዅል ዕድላት ስራሕ ዘይምፍጣሩን እቲ ገንዘብ፡ ተወሳኺ ሸርፊ ወጻኢ ከምጽእ ዘይምኽኣሉን" ጸገማት ከም ዝፈጠረ ይዛረብ።

እቲ ምሁር፡ ቅድሚ ምምሕዳር ኣቢይ ኣሕመድ ዝነበረ መንግስቲ ዝተለቅሖ ገንዘብ ከይተኸፍለ፡ ክሳብ 2020 ኣብ ዘሎ ግዜ፡ መንግስቲ ብውሑዱ ተወሳኺ 10 ቢልዮን ዶላር ልቓሕ ምውሳዱ ነቲ ዕዳ ሓፍ ክብል ገይሩዎ’ዩ ዝብል እምነት ኣለዎ።

“ልቓሕ ምኽፋል፡ ካብቲ ቅድሚ ሕጂ ዝነበረ ኵነታት ሎሚ ዝያዳ ኣጸጋሚ እናዀነ መጺኡ’ዩ” ኢሉ።

ንኢትዮጵያን ካልኦት ብዙሓት ሃገራት ኣፍሪቃን ልቓሕ ካብ ዝህቡ ትካላት ገንዘብ ሓደ ዝዀነ ኣይኤምኤፍ፡ ኣብ 2020 ንኢትዮጵያ ሰለስተ ቢልዮን ዶላር ልቓሕ ኣጽዲቑላ።

ካልኦት ከም ባንክ ዓለም ዝበሉ ኣለቃሕቲ ትካላት ድማ፡ ተወሳኺ ሽዱሽተ ቢልዮን ዶላር ክህብዋ እንከለው፡ ነዚ ስዒቡ ዕዳ እታ ሃገር ናብ 38 ቢልዮን ዶላር ክብ ክብል ከም ዝኽእል እቲ ተንታኒ ይዛረብ።

ኣይኤምኤፍ፡ እቲ ልቓሕ ቅድሚ ምጽዳቑ ብ2019 ኢትዮጵያ ልቕሐን ንምምላስ ካብ መንጐ ዝተጸገማ ሃገራት ከም ዝዀነት ገሊጹ ነይሩ።

“እዚ መጠንቀቕታ፡ መጠን ዕዳ ኢትዮጵያ ብኽልተ ቢልዮን ዶላር ኣብ ዝነከየሉ ግዜ ዝወጽአ’ዩ” ክብል ዶክተር ኣየለ ይገልጽ።  

ዕዳ ዳግም ምውቓር [Debt Restructure] እንታይ እዩ?

መንግስቲ ኣቢይ ኣሕመድ፡ ኣለቃሕቲ ንኢትዮጵያን ካልኦት ሃገራት ኣፍሪቃን ዘለወን ዕዳ ዳግም ንከዋቕሩ [ደብት ሪስትራክቸር ንኽገብሩ] ብተደጋጋሚ ይሓትት ነይሩ።

ኣብዚ ቅንያት ድማ፡ እቶም ኣለቃሕቲ ሃገራትን ዓለምለኻዊ ትካላት ገንዘብን ድማ ኣብዚ ዙርያ ዘተ ጀሚሮም ኣለው።

መንግስቲ፡ በጀት 2015 ዓ.ም [ግ] ኣመልኪቱ ኣብ ዘቕረቦ ጸብጻብ፡ ልቓሕ ምምላስ ቀንዲ ትዅረት መንግስቲ ከም ዝዀነ ገሊጹ’ዩ።

ኢትዮጵያ ዘለዋ ዕዳ

ቅድሚ ኣብታ ሃገር ዝወልዐ ኲናት ሓድሕድ፡ ኢትዮጵያ ምሽልሻል ዕዳ ንኽግበረላ ሕቶታት ከተቕርብ እኳ እንተጸንሐት፡ ብሰንኪ እቲ ኲናት ግን ምስቶም ኣለቃሕቲ ትካላት ዝነበራ ርክብ ከም ዝሓርፈፈ ኣየለ ገላን ይዛረብ።

“መንግስቲ፡ ዓመታዊ ባጀት ኣብ ዝምድበሉ እዋን፡ ዕዳ ምኽፋል ቀዳምነት ገይሩ ከቐምጥ ሰሚዐ ኣይፈልጥን” ዝብል እቲ ተንታኒ እቲ ዕዳ ዘሕደሮ ጸቕጢ ክሳብ ክንደይ ከቢድ ምዃኑ ዘርኢ እዩ ይብል።

“እቲ ሕጂ ዝቐረበ ዳግመ ምውቓር ዕዳ ፡ ብሓጺሩ ‘እቲ ልቓሕ ልዕሊ ዓቕመይ ስለ ዝዀነ ምምሕያሽ ይገበረለይ’ ማለት’ዩ” ብምባል እቲ ኣሸላሻል ብቐንዱ ሰለስተ መገዲታት ዝተኸተለ ከም ዝኸውን የብርህ።

እቲ ሓደ፡ ዕዳ ልዕሊ ዓቕመይ ስለ ዝዀነ ይሰረዘለይ ኢልካ ምስቶም ኣለቃሕቲ ክትሰማማዕ ጻዕሪ ምግባር ኰይኑ፡ ካልኣይ ወለድ እቲ ልቓሕ ልዑል ስለ ዘዀነ ምንካይ ይገበረለይ ዝብል እዩ። እቲ ሳልሳይ ድማ፡ ልቓሕ ዝኽፈለሉ ግዜ ንኽናዋሕ ምሕታት ከም ዝዀነ ይጠቅስ።

ብደረጃ ዓለም፡ ልቓሕ ወሲድካ ብእዋኑ ዘይምምላስ ገበን’ዩ ዝብል ተንታኒ ስነቝጠባ ኣየለ ገላን፡ “ነዚ ንምውጋድ ሃገራት እቶም ኣለቃሕቲ ምሕረት ክገብሩለን ጻዕሪ ይገብራ እየን። እዚ እንተዘይኰይኑ ግን ኣብ ጸሊም መዝገብ [ብላክ ሊስት] ይኣትዋ። እዚ ክኣ ዝኸፍአ ጸገም’ዩ ዘምጽእ” ኢሉ።

ቅድሚ ሕጂ ኣለቃሕቲ ትካላት፡ ኢትዮጵያ ዝወሰደቶ ልቓሕ ከም ዝሰረዙ ዘዘኻኽረ እቲ ክኢላ፡ ኣብዚ ናይ ሕጂ ድርድር ድማ እቲ ናይ መኽፈሊ ግዜ ኣናውሑለይ ዝብል ከም ዝኸውን ይግምት።

“ግዝያዊ መፍትሒ ክኸውን ይኽእል’ዩ፤ ግዜ እናነውሐ ክኸይድ እንከሎ ግን መጠን ወለድ እናወሰኸ’ዩ ዝመጽእ። እዚ ‘ሾርት ተርም ገይን፤ ሎንግ ተርም ፐይን’ዩ’ [ንግዚኡ ትረብሕ፡ ንሓዋሩ ግን ትሳቐ] “ብምባል ንዝኸፍአ ድኽነት ዘቃልዕ’ዩ ዝብል ስግኣት ኣለዎ።

ምብዛሕ ዕዳ ዝፈጠሮ ጸቕጢ

ብዙሓት ትካላት ልምዓት፡ 40 ሚእታዊት ሃገራት ትሕተ-ሰሃራ ኣብ ከቢድ ቅልውላው ልቓሕ ከም ዝርከባ ይገልጹ።

ዓለምለኸ ትካል ገንዘብ [ኣይኤምኤፍ] ብ2018 ኣብ ዘውጽኦ ጸብጻብ፡ ኣፍሪቃ ኣብ ከቢድ ቅልውላው ዕዳ ትጥሕል ኣላ ክብል ኣጠንቂቑ ነይሩ።

እቲ ትካል ከም ዝብሎ፡ ኣብ ዝሓለፉ ሓሙሽተ ዓመታት ቍጽሪ ስግኣት ዕዳ ዘለወን ሃገራት ብዕጽፊ ወሲኹ።

ቻይና፡ ንሃገራት ኣፍሪካ ዝለዓለ ልቓሕ ካብ ዝህባ ሃገራት ኣብ ቅድሚት ትስራዕ። 20 ሚእታዊት ዕዳ መንግስታት ኣፍሪቃ ካብ ቻይና እዩ።

35 ሚእታዊት ልቓሕ፡ ካብ ከም ባንክ ዓለም ዝኣመሰሉ ትካላት ዝተረኽበ ክኸውን እንከሎ፡ 32 ሚእታዊት ድማ ካብ ውልቀ- ኣለቃሕቲ ዝተወስደ እዩ።

ኣብ ዝሓለፉ 11 ኣዋርሕ [ክሳብ ወርሒ ግንቦት 2014 ኣብ ዘሎ ግዜ] መንግስቲ 330 ቢልዮን ብር ንምእካብ መደብ'ኳ እንተነበሮ፡ 309 ቢልዮን ብር ጥራይ’ዩ ኣኪቡ፡ ክብል ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ኣቢይ ኣሕመድ ተዛሪቡ ነይሩ።

እቲ ቀዳማይ ሚኒስተር ቅድሚ ክልተ ሰሙን ንኣባላት ባይቶ ኣብ ዝሃቦ መብርሂ፡ መንግስቲ 500 ቢልዮን ዶላር ወጻኢ ከም ዝገበረ ሓቢሩ።

ኣብ መንጐ ኣታውን ወጻእን እታ ሃገር ዘሎ ፍልልይ ክሰፍሕ ዝገበሮ ድማ፡ ዝተኣከበ ዕዳ እታ ሃገር ከም ዝዀነ ጠቒሱ።

“ኣብዚ ዓመት፡ 1.7 ቢልዮን ዶላር ዕዳ ከፊልና ኢና፤ እዚ ኸኣ ኣስታት 100 ቢልዮን ብር እዩ” ኢሉ።

ቤት ምኽሪ ባይቶ ወከልቲ ህዝቢ፡ በጀት 2015 ዓ.ም እታ ሃገር 786.6 ቢልዮን ብር ክኸውን ሰሊዑ’ዩ።

እዚ፡ መብዛሕትኡ ዕዳ ንምኽፋል ዝውዕል ኰይኑ፡ ንዳግመ ህንጸትን ምጥንኻር ሰራዊት ምክልኻልን ዝውዕል ምዃኑ ሚኒስትሪ ገንዘብ ሓቢሩ’ዩ።

ክኢላ ስነቝጠባ ኣየለ፡ ኢትዮጵያ ንድሕሪት ካብ ዝጐቱዋ ጸገማት እቲ ሓደ፡ ዘለዋ ዕዳ ብዙሕ ምዃኑ’ዩ ይብል።

መንግስቲ ነቲ ብሕታዊ ጽላት ዘተባብዕ ፖሊሲ እንተዘይሓንጺጹ፡ ቍጠባ እታ ሃገር ንምዕባይ ክጽገም’ዩ ኢሉ ይኣምን።

“ፖለቲካዊ ኵነታት እታ ሃገር፡ ጉዳይ ማክሮ-ኢኮኖሚ [ንኣብነት ዝቕባበ ዋጋ] ከምኡ’ውን መንግስቲ ዘለዎ ውዙፍ ዕዳ ዓበይቲ ማሕለኻታት’ዮም” ይብል።

መንግስቲ፡ ኣብ ኣጠቓቕማ ባጀትን ብኽነትን ከምኡ’ውን ውሽጣዊ እቶት ናይ ምእካብ ዓቕሙ ዘይምዕባዩ፡ ዝኣመሰሉ ጸገማት ከም ዘለውዎ ኣባላት ባይቶ ወከልቲ ህዝቢ እታ ሃገር ኣልዒሎም ነይሮም።

ቍጠባዊ ዕብየት ኢትዮጵያ፡ ካብ 2011 ክሳብ 2013 ኣብ ዘሎ ግዜ፡ ትሕቲ ውጥን ዝዀነ ናይ 7.1 ሚእታዊት ዕብየት ከም ዘርኣየ ይግለጽ።

ኢትዮጵያ ልቓሕ ክትወስድ እንከላ እንታይ ተትሕዝ?

ሃገራት፡ ዝወሰዳኦ ልቓሕ ምኽፋል ክጽገማ እንከለዋ ዘለወን ፕሮጀክታት ከም ትሕጃ ክህባ ስምምዕ ምግባር ይልመድ ኣሎ።

ንኣብነት፡ እቲ እንኮ መገዲ ኣየር ዚምባብወ፡ ንመንግስቲ ደቡብ ኣፍሪቃ ክኸፍሎ ዝግባእ ዕዳ ብዘይምኽፋሉ ክሳብ 2019 ተታሒዙ ጸኒሑ።

እቲ መገዲ ኣየር ብ2019 በረራ ክጅምር እንከሎ፡ ብሰንኪ ንዓመታት ዝተኣከበ ውዙፍ ዕዳ፡ ብ2017 ልዕሊ ፍርቂ ሰራሕተኛታቱ ከሰናብት ተገዲዱ ነይሩ።  

ካብዚ ሓሊፉ፡ ኤይር-ዚምባብወ ብሰንኪ ስግኣት ድሕነት ኣብ ክሊ ኣየር ሃገራት ኤውሮጳ ዝበረሉ ፍቓድ ተሓዲጉ።

ቻድ ድማ ንኣንጎላ ክትከፍሎ ዝግብኣ ዕዳ፡ 100 ሚልዮን ዶላር ክትመልስ ብዘይምኽኣላ ዘለዋ ከብቲ እናሸጠት ትኸፍል ምህላዋ ጋዜጣ እታ ሃገር ብ2020 ጸብጺቡ ነይሩ።

በዚ መሰረት፡ ዓለምለኻዊ ኣለቃሕቲ፡ ልቓሕ ክህቡ እንከለው ኣብ እዋኑ ዘይምለስ እንተዀይኑ ከም ትሕጃ ዝሕዝዎ ሃብቲ ወይ ንብረት ኣሎ ማለት እዩ።

ተመኵሮ ካልኦት ሃገራት ተመሳሳሊ'ዩ።

ሃገራት፡ ልቓሕ ክወስዳ እንከለዋ ዘትሕዛኦ ነገር ብግልጺ ስለ ዘይፍለጥ፡ ኣብ መንጐ መንግስትን ኣለቃሕቲ ትካላትን ዘይምርድዳእ ተፈጢሩ ናብ ሕጊ ኣብ ዝኸድሉ እዋን ቃልዕ ይወጽእ።

ኣየለ፡ ኣብ መንጐ ኬንያን ቻይናን ዝተፈጥረ ኵነታት ብኣብነት የልዕል።

“ኬንያ ካብ ቻይና ኣብ ዝወሰደቶ ልቓሕ ዘይምርድዳእ ምስ ተፈጥረ፡ ቻይና ወደብ ሞምባሳ ናተይ'ዩ ምባል ምስ ጀመረት እቲ ወደብ ከም ትሕጃ ተታሒዙ ከም ዝነበረ ግልጺ ኰይኑ" ይብል።

ዛምቢያ’ውን ካብ ቻይና ልቓሕ ክትወስድ እንከላ፡ መመንጨዊ ጸዓት ዝዀነ ትካል ኣትሒዛ ምንባራ ኣብ መንጐ ክልቲአን ሃገራት ዘይምርድዳእ ምስ ተፈጥረ'ዩ ተፈሊጡ።

ኢትዮጵያ ግን ክሳብ ሕጂ ምስ ልቓሕ ብዝተሓሓዝ ዝኣተወቶ ቅርሕንቲ ስለ ዘየለ፡ እንታይ ኣትሒዛ ከም እትልቃሕ ብወግዒ ኣይፍለጥን።

እቲ ዕዳ መን’ዩ ዝኸፍሎ?

ኢትዮጵያ ካብ ዘለዋ ዕዳ፡ እቲ 97 ሚእታዊት ናይ ነዊሕ ግዜ ልቓሕን ‘ፐብሊክን ፐብሊክሊ ግራንትድን’ ዝተባህለ ዓይነት ልቓሕን ከም ዝዀነ እቲ ክኢላ ስነቝጠባ ይዛረብ።

“ናይ ነዊሕ ግዜ ማለት፡ እቲ ክፍሊት ካብ 30 ክሳብ 50 ዓመታት ኣብ ዘሎ ግዜ ዝፍጸም ማለት’ዩ። እዚ ማለት፡ ነዚ ልቓሕ ናይ ምምላስ ሓላፍነት ናይቲ ዝተለቅሐ መንግስቲ ዘይክኸውን ይኽእል'ዩ።”

‘ፐብሊክን ፐብሊክሊ ግራንትድን’ ድማ [ብዋሕስ ሃብቲ ህዝቢ ዝተረኽበ ልቓሕ] ድማ፡ እቲ ክፍሊት ክምለስ ኣለዎ ኣብ ዝተባህለ ግዜ፡ ህዝቢ ኢትዮጵያ ናይ ምምላስ ሓላፍነት ዝወስድ ኰይኑ፡ እቲ ልቓሕ ዝመልሶ ግን ናይ ሕጂ ወለዶ ኣይኰነን ማለት እዩ ክብል የረድእ።


Source: Ethiopia Insight

20 July, 2022

by Kallu Messay

An AU-led, good faith negotiation between the federal government and the TPLF can restore peace to Ethiopia.

Timing is of the essence in any political decision. That is why conflict analysts emphasize the importance of what they call a ripe moment—a time when warring parties perceive that both would achieve their objectives through negotiations instead of fighting.

Ethiopia has reached this decisive moment. The Prosperity Party (PP) arrived at a responsible decision by establishing a high-level committee led by Demeke Mekonnen, the Deputy Prime Minister, to explore the option of ending the brutal war with Tigray through peaceful means.

TPLF has also indicated its readiness to engage in the process and has said that it has set up a team ready to negotiate.

Nearing two years since the beginning of the ruthless war, Ethiopia now has a real chance to restore peace and stability.


Despite recent progress, there is a legitimate concern that the brutal war could return with all its ugly faces and devastating social and economic consequences.

The urgent need to seize this moment becomes apparent only when all parties seriously look at how devastating the civil war has been.

At the moment, it’s not possible to determine the exact number of Ethiopians who died and were injured in the war, but the figure is in the tens of thousands, if not in the hundreds of thousands.

On top of that, millions of people have been displaced and went through deep psychological trauma.

News from Tigray and northern Ethiopia is filled with horrific stories of gang-raped women, displaced people, parentless kids, and malnourished children.

The consequences of the civil war, drought, hyperinflation, pandemic, climate change, and the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian war is pushing Ethiopia to the edge of a dangerous cliff.

If the war with Tigray resumes, it will most certainly be the literal end of Ethiopia and will multiply the already catastrophic humanitarian crisis.

That is why it is vitally important to stop this futile war now. This demands insightfulness, wisdom, courage, and pragmatism from national, regional, and global actors.


The humanitarian truce announced by the Ethiopian government in March and reciprocated by the TPLF has brought a sense of relief and hope. And now, PP’s decision to initiate peace talks should be welcomed by all domestic and international actors.

Such a bold move by a governing party that was fully engaged in mobilizing the whole nation to the war front should not be taken lightly. It surely must have challenged the leaders of the party, given some hardliners within the party are most likely pushing for war.

What is most important is that pragmatism appears to have gained the upper hand in the decision by the PP’s leadership to take practical steps to kick off the peace process.

Of course, as a governing party that ultimately aims to bring stability to the country it rules, this decision may be expected. Indeed, the PP-led federal administration has the primary political and moral obligation to stop the war in the country by devising a comprehensive peace deal.

This doesn’t mean that a government can’t take measures to ensure the rule of law. However, as the Tigray war has clearly shown, the end goal of law enforcement operations is not engaging in a perpetual state of war.

All wars must end politically, and Ethiopia’s case cannot be different.

The current moment has brought hope that peace and stability will prevail as the governing party announced its approach to ending the unspeakable suffering of millions of Ethiopians.

TPLF also has an obligation to unequivocally commit itself to peaceful resolution of the conflict. Sending mixed signals by, among others, questioning the AU-led process and presenting premature preconditions could squander this delicate moment.


Even with genuine goodwill from both the federal and Tigrayan sides, the challenges they will face are very complex.

The peace process is daunting for all involved, and we should not expect immediate breakthroughs. We have had bloodbaths that killed many, and emotions are understandably high. This also means that the trust level is low.

What is advised now is to start with low-hanging fruits such as the federal government consolidating the humanitarian truce which has contributed to much-improved humanitarian assistance in Tigray.

The federal government resuming basic services in Tigray is another measure that should be taken, as it would also help in boosting confidence and enhancing support for the negotiation process from the Tigrayan public.

In these efforts, increased support from the UN and its humanitarian partners who have experience in providing aid in areas controlled by non-state actors would be very helpful.

Before going into the most controversial, thorny matters, it is important to come to a mutual understanding, and also stress to the public, that this kind of negotiation takes time, thus requiring patience and perseverance.

The ride will be very bumpy and there will be deadlocks, frustrating both parties and the public backing them. Such difficulties will possibly give cause for extremists in both camps to interrupt the path of negotiations and return to war.

One of the most complex issues is related to the Amhara-Tigray land dispute. Both regional leaderships claim that the Welkait-Tegede-Telemt-Humera (Western Tigray) area belongs to them, and both think it is a non-negotiable issue.

What will perhaps be helpful here is framing the issue not merely as a matter of land, but more as a matter of ensuring the safety of citizens living in, and displaced from, the area.

Still, hawkish voices from both sides will continue to amplify the idea that one should lose for the other to win. This approach must be rejected.

This is why thinking beyond short-term political goals is required of all leaders. We need leaders from both sides to behave like statesmen and not short-sighted, populist politicians.


The first expected outcome of the negotiation should be to reach a permanent ceasefire. From there, confidence can slowly be built and the other contentious issues can be discussed.

There are always spoilers from within and abroad. Some domestic and foreign actors would like to see a weakened and fragile Ethiopia that is unable to stand firm and protect its national interests.

It would be naive to expect that these actors would idly sit back and watch when Ethiopians make steps towards the path of peace and reconciliation.

They may act to squander this momentum of peace by taking all types of measures by using the media, aggravating domestic and regional grievances, supporting disgruntled armed actors, and so on.

No matter how the process or the outcome is fair and inclusive, some Amhara and Tigray nationalists would view the negotiation as an act of betrayal.


Consequently, parties in the negotiation should engage in a well-designed strategy, directly and openly communicating with their constituents about the process—both the challenges and outcomes.

Eritrea is another elephant in the room when thinking about a political settlement. Reports indicate that while Addis Abeba is seeking a political settlement, Asmera is still inclined to pursue a military approach.

It is deplorable and deeply concerning that Eritrea is still in a belligerent mood. What should be communicated to Asmera is that the negotiation will not threaten legitimate security interests it may have, but is solely focused on finding a durable solution to what is primarily an Ethiopian civil war.

It is thus vital to be aware of and not be distracted by such spoilers while maintaining a commitment to solving the conflict solely through negotiations.


The peace process requires support from domestic organizations and regional and international partners. But, this does not mean multiple peace tracks that may complicate the process should exist.

This is why the AU-led peace process should be the only path, while other partners, neighboring countries, and the UN should extend requested assistance while restraining themselves from creating parallel tracks that may compete with and undermine the process under the auspices of the continental organ.

Facilitators of negotiations, of course, are not always fully impartial. There are always personal, national, and institutional interests.

It is thus unrealistic to expect that the AU-led process will be completely impartial and free from the vested interests of the institution and people engaged in the process.

However, so long as facilitators provide equal treatment to all parties and their interests, which the AU can surely do, and all parties accept the reality that facilitators are never fully impartial, negotiations can be fair and effective.

For instance, when America acted as a peacemaker between Egypt and Israel at Camp David, it was not a fully impartial actor as it had a stake in the outcome. And both parties were aware of that. Yet, the US-led process led both countries to reach a historical agreement.

Another challenge is implementation.

We are, of course, not there yet, but it is important to remember that the process heavily influences the potential execution of any future peace agreement.

Making the process inclusive by consulting all relevant domestic actors and garnering the support of the international community will be crucial to ensure the eventual effective implementation of agreements.

The people of Ethiopia have suffered enormously due to the brutal civil war. This moment has finally given them hope—hope that they will see the restoration of calmness, accountability for grave human rights violations, reconciliation, restoration of broken social fabrics, and the healing of psychological wounds.

Achieving these ends will be very difficult, but it is possible if both parties seize the current momentum and engage in the negotiation process in good faith.

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